Lonicera sempervirens

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Lonicera sempervirens
Lonicera sempervirens close.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Dipsacales
Family: Caprifoliaceae
Genus: Lonicera
Species: L. sempervirens
Binomial name
Lonicera sempervirens
L.

Lonicera sempervirens (trumpet honeysuckle, trumpet vine, coral honeysuckle) is a species of honeysuckle native to the eastern United States.[1]

It is an evergreen (in Zones 8 and up, deciduous in colder climates) twining climber growing to 20 ft or more through shrubs and young trees. The leaves are produced in opposite pairs, oval, up to 5 cm long and 4 cm broad; the leaves immediately below the flowers are perfoliate, joined at the base in a complete ring round the shoot. The flowers are produced in clusters of several groups of three together, tubular, 5 cm long, with five small lobes opening at the tip to expose the stamens and stigma; they are bright red to pinkish-red, and pollinated by Ruby-throated Hummingbirds and insects.[2][3]

The Latin specific epithet sempervirens means "evergreen".[4]

Cultivation and uses[edit]

It is commonly grown as an ornamental plant in gardens especially as a native alternative to the invasive Japanese Honeysuckle[5][6] for its attractive flowers, and also as one of the best plants to attract hummingbirds.[3] Several cultivars have been selected for variation in flower color, including 'Magnifica' (flowers red outside, yellow inside), 'Sulphurea' (yellow flowers), and 'Superba' (bright scarlet flowers).[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ USDA Plants Profile: Lonicera sempervirens
  2. ^ Missouriplants: Lonicera sempervirens
  3. ^ a b Operation Rubythroat "Top Ten" Native Hummingbird Plants: Lonicera sempervirens
  4. ^ Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. p. 224. ISBN 9781845337315. 
  5. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  6. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Lonicera sempervirens". Retrieved 26 June 2013. 
  7. ^ Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.