Mabel Howard

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The Honourable
Mabel Howard
MP
Mabel Howard.jpg
Mabel Howard with her pairs of bloomers in 1954
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Christchurch East
In office
1943 – 1946
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Sydenham
In office
1946 – 1969
Personal details
Born (1894-04-18)18 April 1894
Bowden, Adelaide
 Australia
Died 23 June 1972(1972-06-23) (aged 78)
Sunnyside Hospital, Christchurch
 New Zealand
Political party Labour
Spouse(s) never married
Relations Ted Howard (father)
Children none
Profession Politician, trade unionist, and community worker

Mabel Bowden Howard (18 April 1894 – 23 June 1972) was a well-known New Zealand trade unionist and politician. She was the first woman secretary of a predominantly male union (the Canterbury General Labourers’ Union).

She was a Member of Parliament for the Labour Party from 1943 until 1969. In 1947 she became New Zealand's first woman cabinet minister when she was made Minister of Health and Minister in charge of Child Welfare. She is remembered for waving two large pairs of bloomers in parliament in support of her successful campaign to have clothing sizes standardised.

Early years[edit]

Mabel Howard was born in Bowden, near Adelaide, Australia on 18 April 1894. She moved to New Zealand with her father (Ted Howard) and sisters after her mother, Harriett Garard Goring, died in 1903.[1]

Howard joined the Christchurch Socialist Party when still at the Christchurch Technical Institute. She entered the Trades Hall in 1911 as an office assistant for the Canterbury General Labourers’ Union. In 1933, at the age of 39, she became the first woman to become secretary of a predominantly male union in New Zealand.

Political career[edit]

Local body politics[edit]

Between 1933 and 1968, Howard was a councillor for Christchurch City Council for a total of 19 years: 1933–1935, 1938–1941, 1950–1959 and 1963–1968.[2] Howard also served on the Christchurch Drainage Board and North Canterbury Hospital Board.[3]

Member of Parliament[edit]

Parliament of New Zealand
Years Term Electorate Party
1943 26th Christchurch East Labour
1943–1946 27th Christchurch East Labour
1946–1949 28th Sydenham Labour
1949–1951 29th Sydenham Labour
1951–1954 30th Sydenham Labour
1954–1957 31st Sydenham Labour
1957–1960 32nd Sydenham Labour
1960–1963 33rd Sydenham Labour
1963–1966 34th Sydenham Labour
1966–1969 35th Sydenham Labour

Her father, Ted Howard, was Member of Parliament for Christchurch South from 1919 until his death in 1939. Mabel Howard hoped to be chosen to stand for the 1939 by-election after her father's death,[4] and although she had local support, the Labour Party chose Christchurch mayor Robert Macfarlane.

In 1943, Mabel Howard was elected Member of Parliament for Christchurch East at a by-election, becoming the fifth female MP.[5]

In 1946 Mabel Howard became the Member of Parliament for the new Sydenham electorate, winning 75.2 percent of the vote. This was an outstanding result; a reflection of the high regard in which she was held. Howard's concern was for "women, the aged, the sick and the unfortunate" (5 September 1944).[6] In Parliament, she was a "forthright" representative for her people, stating "I stand here and say what I honestly believe" (September 1961).[7]

In Parliament in 1954, she waved two pairs of bloomers that were both labelled OS in front of an astonished House. She demonstrated that, although clothing was supposed to be in standard sizes and correctly labelled, much variation existed. The two pieces were quite clearly of differing sizes. Although opposed by clothing manufacturers, she received much support from the House, including from National Party members and standardisation was legislated.[1][8] On another occasion, she threw a stone onto the floor of Parliament to illustrate what buyers of bagged coal may find.[8]

Cabinet Minister[edit]

Howard became a Cabinet Minister only four years after entering Parliament. In 1947, she became Minister of Health and Child Welfare; the first woman Cabinet Minister in the Commonwealth outside of Britain. When the Labour Party was returned to office in 1957, Howard again achieved Cabinet rank as Minister of Social Security and Child Welfare and Minister in charge of Women and Children. Harry Atmore, the Independent MP for Nelson, recognised Mabel Howard's contribution to New Zealand: "She is a real advocate for the women of this country and with the experience she has had-much wider than ladies of her age usually have-she can speak with authority".[9]

She stated that she 'worked like a slave'. She is quoted as saying:[8]

I was in politics for a purpose – my very life was politics. I suppose this was because I was more manly than most women; that’s why I never married.

Community service[edit]

She worked as a volunteer for many organisations, among them St John's Ambulance and the Royal New Zealand Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RNZSPCA).[1]

Later life[edit]

By the time the 1966 election campaign began Mabel Howard was clearly ill. Mel Courtney, a member of her campaign committee and later MP for Nelson (1976–81), ensured she was assisted at public appearances. For Courtney the campaign was ironic in that Mabel Howard had helped his family in their hour of need and now he was helping her.[10] Howard retired from politics at the 1969 election, after a lifetime of service to her community. The Labour Party had introduced a compulsory retirement age for MPs, which applied to Howard, who had already been showing signs of ageing. Once retired, she became increasingly isolated and paranoid, on top of the onset of dementia and pneumonia that she had already suffered while still in Parliament. On a court order, she was eventually submitted to Sunnyside Hospital, a mental asylum. She died there on 23 June 1972, having never married.[1] She is buried with her father, Ted Howard, at Bromley Cemetery in Christchurch.[8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d McAloon, Jim. "Howard, Mabel Bowden 1894 - 1972". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  2. ^ "Councillors of the City of Christchurch". Christchurch: Christchurch City Council. Retrieved 12 May 2010. 
  3. ^ Gee 1977, p. 277.
  4. ^ "Labour Party Nomination". Evening Post. CXXVII (102). 3 May 1939. p. 7. Retrieved 30 June 2013. 
  5. ^ "Women in parliament 1933 – 2005". Elections New Zealand. Retrieved 14 October 2010. 
  6. ^ Gee 1977, pp. 75, 83.
  7. ^ Gee 1977, pp. 39, 103.
  8. ^ a b c d Greenaway, Richard L. N. (June 2007). "Bromley Cemetery Tour". Christchurch City Libraries. pp. 13–18. Retrieved 22 October 2010. 
  9. ^ Gee 1977, p. 53.
  10. ^ Gee 1977, p. 241.

References[edit]

  • Gee, David (1977). Our Mabel. Wellington: Millwood Press. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Arnold Nordmeyer
Minister of Health
1947–1949
Succeeded by
Jack Watts
New Zealand Parliament
Preceded by
Tim Armstrong
Member of Parliament for Christchurch East
1943–1946
Vacant
Constituency abolished; recreated in 1996
Title next held by
Larry Sutherland
Vacant
Constituency abolished in 1890
Title last held by
Richard Molesworth Taylor
Member of Parliament for Sydenham
1946–1969
Succeeded by
Norman Kirk