Maghrawa

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The Maghrawa or Meghrawa (Berber: imeghrawen) were a large Berber Zenata tribe originating from Algeria which historically dominated from Algiers through all over the mountainous Dahra region to western Algeria and at a time governed parts of Morocco, on behalf of the Umayyads of Córdoba, in the end of the 10th century and the first half of the 11th century.

History[edit]

The Meghrawa, a tribe of Zanata Berbers,[1] were one of the first Berber tribes to submit to Islam in the 7th century. They supported Uqba ibn Nafi in his campaign to the Atlantic in 683. They defected from Sunni Islam and became Kharijites Muslims from the 8th century, and allied first with the Shia Muslim Idrisids, and, from the 10th century, with the Andalusian Umayyads of Córdoba. As a result they were caught up in the Umayyad-Fatimid conflict in Morocco and Algeria. Although they won a victory over the allies of the Fatimids in 924, they soon became allied with them themselves. When they switched back to the side of Córdoba, they were driven out of central Morocco by the Zirids, who ruled on behalf of the Fatimids. In 980, however, they were able to drive the Miknasa out of Sijilmasa.[1]

Under Ziri ibn Atiyya (to 1001) the Meghrawa achieved supremacy in Fez under Umayyad suzerainty and expanded their territory at the expense of the Banu Ifran. A revolt against the Andalusian Umayyads was put down by Al-Mansur (Abi Amir), although the Meghrawa were able to regain power in Fez. Under the succeeding rulers al-Muizz (1001-1026), Hamman (1026-1039) and Dunas (1039) they consolidated their rule in northern and central Morocco. However, internal power struggles after 1060 enabled the Almoravids to conquer them in 1070 and put an end to their rule.

Maghrawid leaders[edit]

Preceded by
Idrissid and Umayyad dynasty
Maghrawas
970-1068
Succeeded by
Almoravid dynasty

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ibn Khaldoun , History of berber
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Table made by Ibn Khaldun and translated by Slane indicating the dynasty Banou Ifran by Ibn Khaldun Book Google Ibn Khaldun , History of Berber