Mahinthrathirat

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mahinthrathiratt
มหินทราธิราช
King of Ayutthaya kingdom
King of Siam
Reign First Reign 1564–1568
Second Reign 1569
Predecessor First Reign
Maha Chakkraphat
Second Reign
Maha Chakkraphat
Successor First Reign
Maha Chakkraphat
Second Reign
Maha Thammaracha Thirat
Full name
Mahinthrathirat
House Suphannaphum Dynasty
Father Maha Chakkrapat
Mother Sri Suriyothai
Born 1539
Died 1569

Mahinthrathirat (Thai: มหินทราธิราช) (1539–1569) was the King of Ayutthaya kingdom 1564 to 1568 and again in 1569. Mahinthrathirat was the last monarch of the Suphannaphum Dynasty as the kingdom fell to the Burmese in 1569. Mahinthrathirat was known for his efforts to counter Burmese and Phitsanulok power by seeking alliance with Setthathirath of Lan Xang.

A prince far from the throne[edit]

Prince Mahinthrathirat was a son of Maha Chakkrapat and Queen Sri Suriyothai. Mahinthrathirat had an elder brother Prince Ramesuan the Uparaja - then heir to the throne. In 1548, Tabinshweti marched the Burmese armies to invade Ayutthaya. Mahinthrathirat joined his family to battle the Burmese. However, his mother Queen Sri Suriyothai was killed in battle.[1]:18-19

Wars with Bayinnaung[edit]

Bayinnaung, brother-in-law of Tabinshweti, led the Burmese to invade Ayutthaya again in 1563. Bayinnuang laid the siege on Ayutthaya in 1564 and only retreated in exchange for Prince Ramesuan as a captive to Burma.[1]:27-41

Maha Thammarachathirat, the King of Phitsanulok and Maha Chakkrapat's handful noble, had allied himself with Bayinnuang since the war of 1563. Maha Chakkrapat sought an alliance with Setthathirat of Lan Xang, through the marriage of his daughter Thepkasattri, but Maha Thammarachathirat informed Bayinnuang about the arranged marriage and alliances. Bayinnaung then kidnapped Thepkasatri on her way to Vientiane. This forced Maha Chakkrapat to abdicate the throne to his son Mahinthrathirat, who planned a joint-attack on Phitsanulok with Setthathirat. Following that failed attack, Mahinthrathirat urged his father to return to regal power in the ensuing crisis.[1]:42-49

Fall of Ayutthaya[edit]

Bayinnaung then led the Burmese armies against Ayutthaya with support from Maha Thammarachathirat. The Burmese laid siege to Ayutthaya, during which, Maha Chakkrapat fell ill and died. Mahinthrathirat assumed the throne again. In spite of several months of efforts, Ayutthaya stood the siege. Bayinnuang then bribed Phraya Chakri, a captured Siamese general, to be a spy. Mahinthrathirat embraced the returned general with trust and appointed Phraya Chakri commander of the Siamese defenses. Phraya Chakri was able to place the less-trained and incompetent troops in the front of the Burmese attack, and thus were easily defeated. The city was taken on 11 Sept. 1569, after nine months.[1]:42-62

Bayinnuand installed Maha Thammarachathirat as the King of Ayutthaya on 6 Dec. 1569, tributary to Pegu. Mahinthrathirat along with his family and the nobility were captured and taken to Pegu. Mahinthrathirat died in the same year on the way.[1]:63

Reference[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Rajanubhab, D., 2001, Our Wars With the Burmese, Bangkok: White Lotus Co. Ltd., ISBN9747534584
Mahinthrathirat
Born: 1539 Died: 1568
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Maha Chakkraphat
King of Ayutthaya
First Reign
1564–1568
Succeeded by
Maha Chakkrapat
Preceded by
Maha Chakkrapat
King of Ayutthaya
Second Reign
1569
Succeeded by
Maha Thammaracha Thirat