Al-Mada'in ("The Cities") (Arabic: المدائن Al-Madā'in; Aramaic: Māhōzē) is the name given to the ancient metropolis formed by Seleucia and Ctesiphon (also referred to as Seleucia-Ctesiphon) on opposite sides of the Tigris River in present-day Iraq.
The site has received considerable interest from archaeologists since the 18th century; the most famous landmark there is the Taq-i Kisra. Madain was the capital of the Persian Empire under the Sassanid dynasty. When the Persian empire was defeated by Muslim Forces, the city was destroyed. However, the Arabs built a new city about 20 miles to the north as the capital for the new Islamic empire. They called that city Baghdad.
Excavation sites and ancient suburbs include:
- Ctesiphon (previously thought to have been Opis, whose exact location is not confirmed)
- Asbanbar (Also written Isbanir, Asbanabr, Aspanbar, Asfanur)
- Veh Ardashir (Also Bahurasir, Coche, Choche)
- Vologesocerta (Balashkert), founded by Vologases I of Parthia
- Tell al-Dhaba’I
- Tell Dhahab
- Umm an Sa’atir
The site partially overlaps with the modern town of Salman Pak.
- The Shahr (province) of Asuristan (extract from the Encyclopedia of Iran)
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