Makhdoom Yahya Maneri

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Choti Dargah, Mausoleum of Makhdoom Shah Daulat, descendent of Hazarat Makhdoom Yahya Maneri at Maner, 1780s painting

Hazrat Makhdoom Yahiya Maneri (Urdu: حضرت مخدوم کمال الدین یحییٰ منیری‎, Hindi: हज़रत मख़्दूम यहया मनेरी) was an Indian Sufi saint of the 13th century. His tomb lies in courtyard of a mosque, located in Maner, 29 km from Patna, Bihar, India.[1]

Biography[edit]

His complete name is Kamaaluddin Yahya Maneri. He was son of Makhdoom Israil son of Hazrat Imam Taj Faquih Hashmi (also called Sheikh Al Hind). His family settled in Maner which was later also called Maner Sharif. He studied Islamic law at Al-Nizamiyya of Baghdad Academy. He was a disciple of Sheikh Shahab al-Din Abu Hafs Umar al-Suhrawardi of Suhrawardiyya Sufi order. His associates include Hazrat Baha-ud-din Zakariya Multani,Shaykh Saadi Shirazi and Kamal al-Din Isma'il al-'Isfahani and Makhdoom Shahabuddin Pir Jagjot of Balkh who settled in Jaitley near Patna.

He married one of the daughters of his friend Makhdoom Shahabuddin Pir Jagjot and had four sons and at least one daughter with her.

The sacred shrine is locally known as Bari (meaning big) Dargah, while the mausoleum of his descendent, Makhdoom Shah Daulat is known as Chhoti (small) Dargah.

This shrine has remained a place of pilgrimage for a long time. Notable visitors include Sikandar Lodi and the Mughal emperor Babar (1520–1530).

His son Hazrat Makhdoom Sharfuddin Ahmed Yahya Maneri's books Maktoobate sadi (hundred letters of century) and Maktoobate do sadi (two hundred letters of second century) are renowned Persian language collections of spiritual writings.The Persian books on Islamic Theosophy titled Maktoobate sadi (hundred letters ) and Maktoobate do sadi (two hundred letters ) were written by his son Sheikh Sharfuddin Ahmed Maneri.The original manuscripts are available in the collection of Khuda Bakhsh Oriental Library at Patna, Bihar India

Among his descendants, Makhdoom Shah Daulat died in 1608. His mausoleum Chhoti Dargah was built by Ibrahim Khan Kankar, Governor of Bihar, and completed in 1616. It is still known as an excellent example of Mughal architecture.[2] Like several other shrines of Sufi saints, Hazarat Makhdoom Yahya Maneri is revered both by Muslims as well as by Hindus.

Further reading[edit]

  • Encyclopaedia of Sufism (12 volumes edited by Masood Ali Khan and S. Ram) ISBN 81-261-1311-1
  • The Life and Teaching of Sufi Saint Hazrat Shaikh Sharafuddin Ahmad Yahya Maneri (Rah A) by Syed Sadrul Hasan (Bazm-I- Firdausia Trust, Karachi)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Patna www.india-tourism.com.
  2. ^ Maner Sharif Bihar Tourism official website.

External links[edit]