Maldivian Democratic Party
|Maldivian Democratic Party|
|Chairperson||Reeko Moosa Manik|
|Founded||November 10, 2003|
|Headquarters||1st Floor, H.Sharaashaa, Malé, Maldives|
|Youth wing||MDP Youth Wing|
|International affiliation||International Democrat Union,
Alliance of Democrats
The Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP) is a political party in the Republic of Maldives. It is a party with its stated goal being the promotion of human rights and democracy in the Maldives. This party won the first ever multi-party elections in the Maldives. It has the largest number of members among all the political parties in the Maldives.
There had not been political parties in the Maldives since 1952. The MDP initially submitted its registration on February 24, 2001. Although the Maldivian Constitution allows political parties to operate, the MDP's application was rebuffed. After the people fighting for their rights on the street and the death of Evan Naseem, MDP declared its existence in exile from Sri Lanka on November 10, 2003. Initially, it was formed by a group of 42 people, which included members of parliament, a former cabinet minister and leading businessmen. Members on its first general council were elected on February 13, 2004. Although the MDP was not recognized by the Maldivian government, it began operating in Maldives on April 30, 2005.
In June 2, 2005, the members of the People's Majlis unanimously voted to legally recognize political parties. The MDP subsequently submitted its registration on June 26, 2005 becoming the first political party to be registered in the Second Republic of Maldives.
Throughout 2006, the opposition faced restrictions on freedom of assembly, and the government continued to arrest opposition activists. In March 2006, the government introduced a "Roadmap for Reform" and subsequently introduced several bills in parliament. In August 2007, voters decided via referendum that the Maldives' new constitution should provide for a presidential system of government (vice parliamentary). The special Majlis completed its work and the new constitution took effect in August 2008.
In accordance with the new constitution ratified by then-President Gayoom on August 7, 2008, the first round of presidential elections was held on October 10, 2008. As no candidate received 50% of the vote, a second round was held on October 29 between President Gayoom and Mohamed Nasheed. Nasheed won with 54% of the vote, however, Nasheed's regime lost power and he was forced to resign on February 7, 2012 following an alleged Coup d'état during which officers of the Maldives Police Service and the Maldives National Defense Force rose up against Nasheed's Administration. Although the Police and the MNDF have insisted that Nasheed's Government had to be forced out due abuse of power and unconstitutional acts by the President and his government, MDP has maintained it was a Coup d'état orchestrated by former President Gayoom and his supporters. Nasheed's Vice President Dr. Mohamed Waheed Hassan Manik became President after the Nasheed's fall and has since aligned himself with Nasheed's opposition.
Members of parliament declared their political affiliations long before the October 2008 multiparty elections. Five opposition leaders were allowed to contest the presidential elections, and the principal opposition candidate was elected. President Nasheed is among the founders of the Maldivian Democratic Party.
At the first multi-party parliamentary elections in Maldives, on May 9, 2009, the MDP won 34% of the seats which is 26 out of the 77 seats in the parliament becoming the party to win the second most number of seats. However, in case of number of votes, MDP gained the most number of votes with 35.3% of the votes (50,562 votes) which is a 10.39% increase from the first round of 2008 Presidential Elections when MDP was not allied with any other party. From the elections DRP gained 27.5% of the votes (39,399 votes) which is a 12.5% decrease from the first round of 2008 Presidential Elections. Even though, the party started with 26 MPs after the parliamentary elections, the party gained 4 more seats to become the single party with most number of seats in the Parliament, People's Majlis. The MPs who signed up for the party include Alhan Fahmy who was a member of Dhivehi Rayyithunge Party.
- Official website of MDP
- Mohamed Nasheed's Presidential campaign site
- political information collected by US government about Maldives