Margery

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For the female forename, see Margery (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 51°15′40″N 0°12′22″W / 51.261°N 0.206°W / 51.261; -0.206

Margery
Margery is located in Surrey
Margery
Margery
 Margery shown within Surrey
Population 420 [1]
OS grid reference TQ252528
District Reigate and Banstead
Shire county Surrey
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Tadworth
Postcode district KT20
Dialling code 01737
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Reigate
List of places
UK
England
Surrey

Margery is a heavily buffered, lightly populated hamlet in the Reigate and Banstead district, in the English county of Surrey. It sits on the North Downs, is bordered by the London Orbital Motorway, at a lower altitude, and its predominant land use is agriculture.

History[edit]

This area was formerly very far from drinking water sources, being on Banstead Commons (also known as Banstead Downs), so was a lightly laboured hill farming settlement. The history of its importance to the national economy is that of its feudal centre, Banstead, which gave much wealth to its lord of the manor, particularly to the King's consort, who had it exploited by tenant farmers for more than two centuries as part of its wide Commons/Downs, spanning here the widest part of the chalky, grassy North Downs.[2][3] The high quality of the wool is shown by a petition of the Commons in 1454, in which they prayed that a sack of wool of the growth of Banstead Down might not be sold under £5, when the price of such wool was "greatly decayed". The reputation of Banstead Downs for sheep is referred to by Pope in the Imitations of Horace, and by others.

After the English Restoration the Merland and Buckle families held the manor, removed to Nork House, which has become the suburb of Banstead simply known as Nork, until 1847, when in times of historically low wool prices, it was bought by the 4th Earl of Egmont.[2]

Geography[edit]

Margery is a heavily buffered hamlet in the Reigate and Banstead district, in the centre-north of Surrey that is significantly elevated relative to most of the rest of the county and Greater London and is less than 1 km from the edge of the steep south-facing dip slope of the North Downs. The hamlet starts on the northern side of the M25 motorway, close to Junction 8, the Reigate Hill interchange, which accentuates in its cutting the dip slope of the North Downs.

The nearest settlement is the village of Lower Kingswood. Other nearby settlements include the towns of Reigate and Redhill, the small hamlet of Mogador, and the villages of Kingswood, Tadworth and Walton-on-the-Hill. The area surrounding the hamlet is a mixture of farmland and common land; Reigate Hill to the south is National Trust land. Other common land areas close by include Banstead Heath, Walton Heath and the Buckland Hills. The North Downs Way passes immediately to the south of the hamlet (on the other side of the motorway).[4]

Demography[edit]

Its population is almost wholly the population recorded in United Kingdom Census 2011 output area E00156016.[1]

2011 Census Key Statistics
Output area Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan[1]
E00156016 420 168 35.1 45.8

Governance[edit]

In local government (as in ecclesiastical parish in the Church of England[5]) the area is part of a unit with Lower Kingswood, taking precedence in name.[6]

See Kingswood, Surrey, Lower Kingswood is (counter-intuitively) higher than Upper Kingswood.

In Surrey County Council the electoral division is that of Merstham and Banstead South[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 2011 Census
  2. ^ a b H.E. Malden (editor) (1911). "Parishes: Banstead". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 4 November 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Find Member Surrey County Council
  4. ^ streetmap.co.uk
  5. ^ Church of the Wisdom of God, Lower Kingswood Church of England
  6. ^ Where I live and councillor pages Reigate and Banstead (Borough Council)