Marie biscuit

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Marie biscuit
Galleta María.jpg
Type Biscuit
Place of origin England
Creator Peek Freans
Main ingredients Wheat flour, sugar, vegetable oil, vanilla
Cookbook:Marie biscuit  Marie biscuit

A Marie is a type of sweet biscuit similar to a Rich tea biscuit. While the Rich tea biscuit is the most popular version of this biscuit in the United Kingdom and the Isle of Man, it is the Marie version that is most popular in most other countries, particularly Australia, Canada, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Portugal, Spain, Ukraine, Mexico, Costa Rica, Venezuela, Brazil, Mauritius, India, Pakistan, the Philippines, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, South Africa, Zimbabwe and Egypt .

Description[edit]

The biscuit is round and usually has its name embossed upon its top surface, the edges of the which are also embossed with an intricate design. It is made with wheat flour, sugar, vegetable oil and, unlike the Rich tea biscuit, is typically vanilla flavoured.

History[edit]

The Maria biscuit was created by the London bakery Peek Freans in 1874 to commemorate the marriage of the Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia to the Duke of Edinburgh.[1] It became popular throughout Europe, particularly in Spain where, following the Civil War, the biscuit became a symbol of the country's economic recovery after bakeries produced mass quantities to consume a surplus of wheat.[2]

Consumption[edit]

Like the Rich tea biscuit, many consider the Marie's plain flavour particularly suitable for dunking in tea. Other popular methods of consuming the biscuit includes using two to make a sandwich with butter and marmite or condensed milk spread in between; covering it with golden syrup; or crumbling it up in custard and jelly (gelatin dessert). Marie biscuits are frequently served to children, and infants who may be served the biscuits softened in milk as their first solid food. Marie biscuits are also a common ingredient in home baking recipes. In Spain, natillas custard is typically served with a Maria on it. In Ireland, they are known as Marietta and manufactured by Jacob's.[3]

Manufacturers[edit]

The major international manufacturers (initially sorted by country name)

Country/Region Producer Brand
 Argentina Arcor Maná
 Argentina Arcor Vocación
 Australia Arnott's Biscuits Holdings Marie
 Belarus Confectionary Factory Spartak  
 Brazil Maria
 Canada President's Choice Maria
 Costa Rica Riviana Pozuelo Maria
 Denmark KelsenBisca Mariekiks
 Ecuador Nestlé Ecuador S.A. María
 Egypt Biscomisr Marie
 England Crawford's Marie
 Finland Kantolan (Made in Sweden for Chips AB) Kulta Marie
 Germany Patisserie Gunz Maria
 Hong Kong The Garden Company Limited Marie Biscuits
 India Disha Foods Treff
 India Bonn Food industries Mariebon
 India Britannia Industries Marie Gold, Vita Marie
 India Parle Products Marie
 India ITC Limited Marie Light
 Indonesia CV Jaya Abadi Marie Regal Biscuits[4]
 Indonesia Mayora  
 Ireland Jacob's Marietta
 Japan Morinaga & Company MARIE[5]
 Jordan Universal Industries Co. Ltd. Zalloum Group Marie or ماري
 Libya Muhab Food Co. Benghazi Hala Biscuit
 Lebanon Ghandour Food  
 Malaysia Hup Seng Perusahaan Makanan (M) Sdn. Bhd. Cap Ping Pong
  • Marie Biscuits
  • Coffee Marie Biscuits
 Mexico Gamesa Marias
 Norway NorgesGruppen First Price
 Norway Sætre AS Marie
 Netherlands Pally Holland Mariakaakje
 Netherlands Verkade Maria
 Panama Productos Alimenticios Pascual S. A. Maria
 Pakistan English Biscuit Manufacturers Peek Freans
 Philippines Fibisco Marie
Marie Time
Marie Munch[6]
 Portugal Cuétara, Triunfo, Vieira de Castro Bolacha Maria
 Singapore Khong Guan Biscuit Factory (S) Pte Ltd Khong Guan
  • Marie Biscuits (250g/450g)
  • Small Marie Biscuits (250g)
 South Africa Bakers Blue Label
  • Marie Biscuits
  • Cappuccino Marie Biscuits
 Spain Gullón María Leche, María Dorada, María Hojaldrada
 Spain Grupo Siro María Clásica, María Dorada, María Hojaldrada, Mini María
 Spain Cuétara María, María Oro, María Hojaldrada
 Spain Fontaneda (Mondelēz International) La Buena María
 Spain Marbú (Artiach) Marbú Dorada
 Sri Lanka CBL (Munchee) Tikiri Marie, Marie Light
 Sri Lanka Maliban Biscuit Manufactories Limited Gold Marie
 Sri Lanka Manchester Foods Pvt Ltd (Bisma) Ceylon Marie
 Sweden Göteborgs Kex Guld Marie
 Syria Katalina Foods  
 Turkey Şimşek Biscuits & Foods Gorona
 Turkey ANI Biscuits & Foods MARIE
 Ukraine Zhytomyr Confectionary Factory ZhL Марія
 Ukraine Yarych Confectionary Factory Марія
 Ukraine Kharkiv Biscuit Factory Марія
 United States Goya Foods Marias
 Uruguay Kraft Foods Maria de Famosa
 Uruguay El Trigal Maria Rika
 Venezuela C.A. Sucesora de Jose Puig & CIA Maria Puig
 Vietnam Kinh Do Corporation Cosy Marie
 Zimbabwe Lebena Marie
 Zimbabwe Lobels Marie

References[edit]

  1. ^ O'Grady, Sean (20 March 2010). "Minor British Institutions: The Marie biscuit". The Independent. Retrieved 20 March 2010. 
  2. ^ La Tienda. "2-Pack Maria Cookies by Cuetera". Retrieved 2007-11-09. 
  3. ^ http://www.jacobfruitfield.com/index.php/our_brands/biscuits/traditional_biscuits/
  4. ^ "Profil Perusahaan". CV Jaya Abadi. Retrieved 2013-07-09. 
  5. ^ "Simple Biscuit Life". MORINAGA & CO.,LTD. Retrieved 2011-07-14. 
  6. ^ "Familia Kiki". 

External links[edit]