|Place of origin:|
|Wheat flour, sugar, vegetable oil, vanilla|
|Recipes at Wikibooks:|
|Media at Wikimedia Commons:|
A Marie is a type of sweet biscuit similar to a Rich tea biscuit. While the Rich tea biscuit is the most popular version of this biscuit in the United Kingdom and the Isle of Man, it is the Marie version that is most popular in most other countries, particularly Venezuela, Denmark, Norway, Brazil, Sweden, Finland, Portugal, Mexico, Australia, Costa Rica, Pakistan, the Philippines, India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, South Africa, Spain and Egypt.
The biscuit is round and usually has its name embossed upon its top surface, the edges of the which are also embossed with an intricate design. It is made with wheat flour, sugar, vegetable oil and, unlike the Rich tea biscuit, is typically vanilla flavoured.
The Maria biscuit was created by the London bakery Peek Freans in 1874 to commemorate the marriage of the Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia to the Duke of Edinburgh. It became popular throughout Europe, particularly in Spain where, following the Civil War, the biscuit became a symbol of the country's economic recovery after bakeries produced mass quantities to consume a surplus of wheat.
Like the Rich tea biscuit, many consider the Marie's plain flavour particularly suitable for dunking in tea. Other popular methods of consuming the biscuit includes using two to make a sandwich with butter and marmite or condensed milk spread in between; covering it with golden syrup; or crumbling it up in custard and jelly (gelatin dessert). Marie biscuits are frequently served to children, and infants who may be served the biscuits softened in milk as their first solid food. Marie biscuits are also a common ingredient in home baking recipes. In Spain, natillas custard is typically served with a Maria on it. In Ireland, they are known as Marietta and manufactured by Jacob's.
The major international manufacturers (initially sorted by country name) of this kind of biscuit include:
|Australia||Arnott's Biscuits Holdings||Marie|
|Belarus||Confectionary Factory Spartak|
|Costa Rica||Riviana Pozuelo||Maria|
|Ecuador||Nestlé Ecuador S.A.||María|
|Finland||Kantolan (Made in Sweden for Chips AB)||Kulta Marie|
|Hong Kong||The Garden Company Limited||Marie Biscuits|
|India||Bonn Food industries||Mariebon|
|India||Britannia Industries||Marie Gold|
|India||ITC Limited||Marie Light|
|Indonesia||CV Jaya Abadi||Marie Regal Biscuits|
|Japan||Morinaga & Company||MARIE|
|Jordan||Universal Industries Co. Ltd. Zalloum Group||Marie or ماري|
|Libya||Muhab Food Co. Benghazi||Hala Biscuit
|Malaysia||Hup Seng Perusahaan Makanan (M) Sdn. Bhd.||Cap Ping Pong
|Panama||Productos Alimenticios Pascual S. A.||Maria|
|Pakistan||English Biscuit Manufacturers||Peek Freans|
|Portugal||Cuétara, Triunfo||Bolacha Maria|
|Singapore||Khong Guan Biscuit Factory (S) Pte Ltd||Khong Guan
|South Africa||Bakers||Blue Label
|Spain||Grupo Siro||María, María Clásica and María Dorada|
|Spain||LU-Fontaneda||La Buena María|
|Sri Lanka||CBL (Munchee)||Tikiri Marie, Marie Light|
|Sri Lanka||Maliban||Gold Marie|
|Sri Lanka||Manchester Foods Pvt Ltd (Bisma)||Ceylon Marie|
|Sweden||Göteborgs Kex||Guld Marie|
|Turkey||Şimşek Biscuits & Foods||Gorona|
|Turkey||ANI Biscuits & Foods||MARIE|
|Ukraine||Kharkiv Biscuit Factory||Марія|
|United States||Goya Foods|
|Uruguay||Kraft Foods||Maria de Famosa|
|Uruguay||El Trigal||Maria Rika|
|Venezuela||C.A. Sucesora de Jose Puig & CIA||Maria Puig|
|Vietnam||Kinh Do Corporation||Cosy Marie|
- O'Grady, Sean (20 March 2010). "Minor British Institutions: The Marie biscuit". The Independent. Retrieved 20 March 2010.
- La Tienda. "2-Pack Maria Cookies by Cuetera". Retrieved 2007-11-09
- "Profil Perusahaan". CV Jaya Abadi. Retrieved 2013-07-09.
- "Simple Biscuit Life". MORINAGA & CO.,LTD. Retrieved 2011-07-14.
- "Familia Kiki".