Martinair Flight 495
|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Dutch Wikipedia. (May 2012)|
The wreckage of the aircraft involved in the accident
|Date||21 December 1992|
|Summary||Microburst-induced wind shear|
|Aircraft type||McDonnell Douglas DC-10|
|Flight origin||Amsterdam Schiphol Airport|
Martinair Flight 495 was a Dutch DC-10, registered PH-MBN, that crash-landed in severe weather conditions onto runway 28 at Faro Airport, Portugal, in 1992. The aircraft carried 13 crew members and 327 passengers, mainly holidaymakers from the Netherlands. 54 passengers and 2 crew members died and 106 of the other occupants were badly injured.
Approach and landing
A large thunderstorm lay in the immediate vicinity of the airport, accompanied by heavy rain, windshear and low cloud. The control tower informed the crew of the thunderstorm activity, in addition stating that there was water on the runway. Following one unsuccessful attempt to land, the crew was executing a VOR/DME procedure approach to runway 11 when the aircraft flew through at least two microbursts.
The aircraft landed with a vertical speed exceeding the manufacturer's design limits. Following this hard landing, the starboard main gear collapsed. The starboard wing fuel tank ruptured and the contents ignited. The DC-10 fuselage split in two, coming to rest with the front section lying on its side.
The cause of the accident was the bad weather conditions in combination with crew errors.
- 21 Dec 1992 DC-10 accident entry. Aviation-Safety.net
- Media related to Martinair Flight 495 at Wikimedia Commons