Maryam Rajavi

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Maryam Rajavi
Maryam2006.jpg
President elect of National Council of Resistance
Incumbent
Assumed office
28 August 1993
Preceded by Massoud Rajavi
Leader of People's Mojahedin Organization
Incumbent
Assumed office
2 February 1993
Preceded by Massoud Rajavi
Deputy Leader of People's Mojahedin Organization
In office
9 December 1989 – 2 February 1993
Leader Massoud Rajavi
Preceded by None
Succeeded by Fahimeh Arvani
Personal details
Born (1953-12-04) 4 December 1953 (age 60)[1]
Tehran, Iran
Political party People's Mojahedin Organization of Iran
Spouse(s) Massoud Rajavi 1985 [1]
Children Mostafa (Son – born in 1980)
Ashraf(Daughter – born in 1982)[1]
Religion Islam

Maryam Rajavi (born Maryam Azodanlu on 4 December 1953,[1] in Tehran, Iran) is an Iranian politician who is President elect of National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI) since 1993. She is the wife of Massoud Rajavi, founder of the People's Mujahedin of Iran (PMOI).[2] Her organization is supported primarily among the exiled Iranian communities in Europe[3] and numerous American political officials such as former New York City Mayor and Presidential Contender Rudy Giuliani.[4][5]

Early life and education[edit]

Rajavi was raised in Tehran as the daughter of a middle-class civil servant descended from a member of the Qajar dynasty.[6] She attended the Sharif University of Technology in Iran, earning a B.S. in Metallurgy.[7]

Political career[edit]

Rajavi has stated that her political activism started when she was twenty-two after her sister's, Narges, killing by Shah Muhammad Reza's secret police.[6] Then she became a member of the People's Mojahedin of Iran (PMOI/MEK), "an Iranian organization founded in 1965 by a small group of intellectuals led by Muhammad Hanifnejad."[8]

Rajavi served as an organizer of the anti-Shah student movement in the 1970s and in 1979, became an official of the social section of the PMOI/MEK, where she served until 1981. During that time, Rajavi was a parliamentary candidate in 1980. In 1985, she became Joint-Leader of the PMOI and served in that capacity until 1989 when she became the Secretary General until 1993.[7][9]

In 2003, Rajavi's offices were raided by French police. She was placed under arrest and the assets of the NCRI were frozen by the French government. Rajavi's supporters protested her arrest by demonstration until her release. "[10]

Rajavi congratulated Zohreh Akhyani's election as the new Secretary General of the PMOI on 7 September 2011.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Maryam". Maryam-rajavi.com. Retrieved 2013-11-07. 
  2. ^ "Massoud Rajavi Biography". http://www.mojahedin.org/. People's Mojahedin Organization of Iran. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 
  3. ^ "Who’ll topple Iran? US support for exiles in Paris". New York Post. 2013-06-24. Retrieved 5-8-2013. 
  4. ^ {{Rudy Giuliani speech 25 Feb 2013: "Iran: Prospects for Democratic Change, U.S. Policy Options," a distinguished panel of bi-partisan former U.S. officials spoke to the need for a new course in dealing with the nuclear and terrorist threats posed by the Iranian regime, namely reaching out to Iran's organized opposition movement and protecting its members who are currently in Iraq.}}
  5. ^ Shawn, Eric. "Iran resistance leader predicts regime change in exclusive Fox News interview". http://www.foxnews.com/. Fox News. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 
  6. ^ a b Smith, Craig S. (24 September 2005). "Exiled Iranians Try to Foment Revolution From France". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 November 2012. 
  7. ^ a b "Maryam Rajavi". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 22 October 2013. 
  8. ^ "People's Mojahedin Organization of Iran: Mission Report". 
  9. ^ "A Brief on the Life of Maryam Rajavi". http://usfliberty.org/. U.S. Foundation for Liberty. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 
  10. ^ Graff, James (14 December 2006). "Iran's Armed Opposition Wins a Battle — In Court". Time Magazine. 
  11. ^ "Maryam Rajavi lauds election of the new Secretary General of the PMOI". NCR. 7 September 2011. 

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
None
Deputy Leader of People's Mujahedin of Iran
1989-1993
Succeeded by
Fahimeh Arvani
Preceded by
Masoud Rajavi
Leader of People's Mujahedin of Iran
1993-present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
Masoud Rajavi
President of National Council of Resistance
1993-present
Succeeded by
Incumbent