Mayureswar (Vidhan Sabha constituency) is an assembly constituency in Birbhum district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is an open seat now but was earlier reserved for scheduled castes.
As per orders of the Delimitation Commission, No. 290 Mayureswar (Vidhan Sabha constituency) is composed of the following: Mayureswar I and Mayureswar II community development blocks.
Mayureswar (Vidhan Sabha constituency) is part of No. 41 Bolpur (Lok Sabha constituency) (SC).
Election results 
In the 2011 elections, Ashok Kumar Ray of CPI(M) defeated his nearest rival Jatil Mondal of Trinamool Congress.
Trinamool Congress did not contest the seat in 2006.
Note: New constituency – 1, constituencies abolished – 2 (See template talk page for details)
In the 2006 state assembly elections, Sadhu Charan Bagdi of CPI(M) won the Mayureswar (SC) assembly seat defeating his nearest rival Subhas Chandra Mandal of BJP. Contests in most years were multi cornered but only winners and runners are being mentioned. Bishnu Let of CPI(M) defeated Kestopada Bagdi of Trinamool Congress in 2001, Arjun Saha of BJP in 1996, Ajay Saha of BJP in 1991, Kamalakant Mondal of Congress/ ICS 1987 and 1982. Panchanan Let of CPI(M) defeated Gunakar Mandal of Janata Party in 1977. 
Lalchand Fulamali of CPI won in 1972 and 1971. Panchanan Let of CPI(M) won in 1969. Kanai Lal Saha of Congress won in 1967. Gobardhan Das of CPI won in 1962. Prior to that the constituency was not there.