Bus rapid transit
|Owner||Government of Tasmania|
|Key People||Nick McKim (Minister for Sustainable Transport)
Heather Haselgrove (CEO)
Lynn Mason (Chairperson)
|Founded||1955 (in current form)|
|Ticketing||"Greencard" smart card|
|Transport in Hobart ||
Metro Tasmania is the primary provider of public transport in the Australian state of Tasmania. For bus timetable and route information see the Metro website. It operates only buses, as there are no longer any public transport trains, trams or trolley buses operating in Tasmania, and the few passenger ferries in Hobart are small independent operations.
- 1 History
- 2 Operations
- 3 Ticketing
- 4 Routes
- 5 Fleet
- 6 Depots
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Metro Tasmania's history stems back to 1893, when the Hobart Electric Tramway Company (HETCo.) was founded by a London consortium. The HETCo. was one of the earliest such operators in the world, and was the first electric tramway in the Southern Hemisphere. The company also operated two Dennis motorbuses prior to being taken over in 1913 by the Hobart City Council, who renamed it to Hobart Municipal Tramways (HMT). In 1935, HMT began to use trolleybuses on some networks to replace trams, and petrol buses were introduced on some networks in the 1940s to alleviate congestion.
In 1955, a statutory authority called the Metropolitan Transport Trust (MTT) was formed, and this entity amalgamated the operations of the Hobart Municipal Tramways and the Launceston Municipal Tramways, which had been operated by the Launceston City Council since 1911. At its commencement, MTT operated trams, trolley, petrol and diesel buses.
In 1960 MTT acquired the operations of Norton Coaches, which provided bus services in the Burnie area. This resulted in the MTT operating transport services in the South, North and North-West regions of Tasmania. 1960 also saw the end of Hobart's trams, and in 1968 electric traction was removed altogether from Hobart's streets.
MTT continued to operate until re-branded in the 1990s as Metro. Metro Tasmania Pty Ltd is a state-owned company established in February 1998. In May 1999 Metro purchased Hobart Coaches which operated services to New Norfolk, Richmond, Blackmans Bay and the Channel areas of Hobart. Hobart Coaches was the regional division of Metro, operating with separate buses at separate yards, however, the former has now been amalgamated into the latter, and Metro operates all former Hobart Coaches services.
In December 2008, Metro sold its New Norfolk services to O'Driscoll Coaches.
Metro Tasmania is a growing network catering to the changing needs of Tasmania's main population centres. Currently employing 413 people (76 per cent of whom work in Hobart), it has over 200 buses on 800 routes which do more than 630,000 trips per year covering over 10.5 million kilometres. Metro owns and operates six interchanges, 1,800 bus stops, and 200 permanent shelters. The service caters for an average of 10,099,000 passenger trips (boardings) per annum.
On 28 November 2012, Metro bus drivers above a weight maximum of 130 kg began to be removed from duties and placed on an exercise program paid for by the company, due to occupational health and safety issues. If after six months drivers had not achieved in losing an optimal amount of weight, their employment would be terminated. This action in helping drivers with weight issues has been supported by the Australian Rail Tram and Bus Union, and made national news headlines.
Metro currently uses a smart-card ticketing system known as Greencard, alongside paper receipt-style tickets which are only purchasable with cash on the bus.
Historically, Metro used paper tickets from its foundation until 1987, when a new magnetic-striped system by Crouzet was introduced. This system allowed for easier transfers across the network and an exact fare expiration time of 90 minutes. Upon the ending of this system, all ticketing equipment was given to Adelaide Metro, who are the last remaining company using the system.
It was not until 2008 when a new system by iNit was introduced, which used an electronic card to validate and purchase tickets. The Greencard system allows for passengers to deposit a desired amount onto their cards, with the balance debited upon each trip. The new system also requires validation on each boarding, and has a fare expiration of 90 minutes from the initial boarding.
Fare types include Adult, Concession/Student and Child, and each are divided into Metro's system of sections.
Current suburban routes include:
24,28,31,32,34,36,37,38,39,40,42,100,110,111,117,118,119,120,121,122,125,126 - Glenorchy to Hobart City (All Stops)
110,111,X1,117,118,119,121,120,122,X7 Bridgewater/Gagebrook to Hobart City
180/190 - Glenorchy to Hobart City via Springfield, Moonah, New Town, Outer Hobart (Doorstopper)
6xx - Hobart City via Rosny Park (High Frequency, excludes Routes. 680, 682, 690, 692, 697, 698)
888 - Hobart City to Hobart City via University Loop. Operates Monday to Friday during University semester only.
X prefix denotes Express service.
The Doorstopper service was introduced in Hobart by Metro in 2001, and operates in North Hobart, New Town, Glenorchy and West Moonah. The service uses MAN midibuses and travels along minor or secondary roads, allowing passengers to board or alight at any safe point along the route, not necessarily at bus stops. In late 2011 it was reported that the service was to be reviewed, along with all other Hobart bus services.
Livery and historical buses
Metro has used a variety of buses in its history, beginning in the 1950s with AEC Regal half-cab buses and later with Bedford SBs and Hino BT51s during the 1960s and 1970s. The initial livery of these buses maintained that of the trams and trolleybuses, using a Larch Green and Cream. It wasn't until the late 1970s and early 1980s when a new livery of Rolled Gold and Cream appeared, and buses such as the Leyland National and Volvo B58s (rigid and articulated) were in service. The late 1980s saw the introduction of PMC-bodied Volvo B10Ms (rigid and articulated), Ansair-bodied Mercedes Benz OH1316s and Scania N112s/N113s to the fleet. A re-branding also occurred, shifting away from Metropolitan Transport Trust/MTT to Metro Tasmania, and a two-tone apple green livery was introduced at the time to reflect this. This livery can be seen today on some older buses, and its initial purpose was to signify buses with passenger-operated rear doors. In the early 1990s, new Metro eXpress (MX) services were introduced, and a number of buses were given a livery of green and yellow on white. Both two-tone green and MX livery exist today on older stock, but this has been replaced mainly by a corporate white with a yellow front.
Metro also has the privileged history of firsts as well as records. The company was one of the largest operators of Bedford petrol buses in Australia, as well as Leyland Nationals, and operated both the first low-floor Scania prototype bus in Australia (#200, still in service), and the first low-floor MAN prototype (#521, now retired).
|138||Last remaining bus with Ansair VOVI bodywork in service. Carries two-tone livery.|
|Ansair VOVII bodywork, most have been converted to turbo, however some are still non-turbo buses. A majority are in corporate white/yellow, but some continue to carry two-tone green. 112 also has a slightly different livery, different rear doors and different braking system to other Metro buses.|
|200||A prototype, this was Australia's first low-floor Scania bus. This bus continues to see weekday service, and is unique to Metro.|
|These buses were introduced in 1993 and feature Ansair "Orana" coachwork. A majority now carry corporate white/yellow, but some still have MX livery. 10 to 16 are former Hobart Coaches vehicles, and most have now been relocated to Burnie as they include single-door variants. 11 is a Scania L113CRB, the only one of this type.|
These buses were introduced in 2001 as the first low-floor buses operated by Metro, and all carry corporate white/yellow livery. Coachwork is a NorthCoast "Downtown City Bus" design.
|201–203||These buses were delivered in 2001, and were the first 14.5m buses used by Metro. This class is in corporate white/yellow livery, and mainly operates Express services. Coachwork is a Volgren CR224L design.|
|204–244||12.5m versions, these see daily service and feature NorthCoast "Downtown City Bus" bodywork.|
|245||This bus is another 14.5m variant of the Scania L94UB city bus, and mainly works on Express services. It carries corporate white and yellow, and features NorthCoast "Downtown City Bus" bodywork similar to the regular L94UBs.|
|300–329||Introduced in 2008, these buses are used daily for nearly all services. Coachwork is a Custom Coaches CB60 design.|
|330–336||Delivered in 2011, these are identical to the K230UBs, except these feature LED destination lights and a 280 hp engine.|
|5xx||Introduced in the 1990s, these MAN midi-buses operate "Doorstopper" services through the northern suburbs into Hobart. Very few remain in Metro's fleet.|
The oldest type of bus currently in service, these articulated buses were introduced in 1985 at a time when passenger numbers were heavily increasing on some routes. These buses only operate during weekdays, and see a lot of service as school and Express buses. Only two buses currently carry two-tone green livery (714 and 715), and the rest carry corporate white/yellow. The coachwork was by Pressed Metal Corp. South Australia (PMCSA).
|7xx||706–713 are two-door variants which are being scrapped, whilst 714–722 are three-door variants.|
|723–726||The newest of the articulated buses, these entered service in 2011 and feature three doors and wheelchair accessibility.|
Several vehicles once operated by the MTT and Metro have now been preserved by the Tasmanian Transport Museum and the Tasmanian Bus and Coach Society. These include:
- 1942 Canton trolleybus #74 - Donated by MTT in 1964 to Tas. Transport Museum. In full operating condition.
- 1948 AEC Regal #16 - Acquired in 1976 by Tas. Transport Museum. Unrestored.
- 1953 BUT trolleybus #235 - Donated by MTT in 1968 to Tas. Transport Museum. Last trolleybus to operate in Tasmania.
- 1971 SB3 Bedford #249 - Donated by Metro to Tas. Transport Museum in 1988. In full operating condition.
- 1975 Leyland National #601 - Donated by Metro to Tas. Transport Museum in 1992.
- 1989 Scania N113CRB #134 - Donated by Metro to Tas. Bus & Coach Society in 2010. Restoration ongoing.
Many examples have also been acquired and/or restored privately, including M.A.N #504 and Bedford #364. Former MTT and Metro buses are still in service with some private bus operators in Australia and future restorations are possible, especially with restoration interest for buses that have not one example of their type.
Metro maintains three large-sized depots, one each in Hobart (Springfield), Launceston and Burnie. These depots house Metro's buses and managerial operations, with Hobart being the central office. Each depot contains refuelling and workshop services, and Springfield also acts as an interchange for some services.
Hobart was once served by the City Depot, which originally housed Hobart's tram depot and company offices, predecessors to Metro today. The City Depot was closed in the 1980s to make way for urban redevelopment, and now hardly any remnant remains aside from several historic buildings and façades.
Because of the widespread nature of their services, Metro also have various satellite yards located in non-urban and outer suburban areas. These yards allow buses to begin their daily services in specific places, and can allow for greater early morning frequency for some routes. The yards generally have no facilities and usually exist so as buses can be stored overnight, ready to begin an inward service the next day.
This yard was very large and initially housed the workshops for Metro, however, today it remains only as a small parking area in Mornington's light industrial district.
This yard is often known for being a "graveyard", and buses that have been decommissioned from service are placed here until sold. Buses used for services for Bridgewater and the northern suburbs are often housed here overnight.
Buses from this yard serve Margate, Snug and Kingston in the morning peak hour.
Serving Lauderdale and South Arm in the morning peak.
Each of these yards house one bus overnight, which operate the morning peak hour service from those areas.
Two buses are stored overnight in Wynyard.
Plans have also been made by Metro drivers to open urban satellite yards.
- Annual Report 2009-2010, Metro Tasmania, 2010.
- Clark, Nick (10 December 2008). "Valley bus privatised". The Mercury.
- Smith, Matt. "Metro on weight-loss drive". The Mercury. Davies Bros Pty. Ltd. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
- Tasmania, Metro. "Urban Fare Sections & Non-Urban Fare Zones Explained". Retrieved 8 December 2012.
- Metro Tasmania. "Timetables and Maps: Hobart". Retrieved 8 December 2012.
- Jennifer Crawley (12 December 2011). "Aged residents fear bus loss". The Mercury. Retrieved 2012-06-28.
- Tasmania, Metro (1993). Centenary: 1893-1993. Hobart, Tasmania: Metro Tasmania.
- Bus Australia. [http:
tas.php?search=MET "Australian Bus Fleet Lists"]. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
- Birrell, R.A (1989). Tasmanian Government Bus Fleets. Elizabeth, South Australia: Railmac Publications. p. 32. ISBN 0-949817-80-5.
- Tasmanian Transport Museum Society. "Exhibits - Trolley buses". Retrieved 8 December 2012.
- Tasmanian Transport Museum Society. "Exhibit - MTT Petrol and Diesel Buses". Retrieved 8 December 2012.
- Tasmanian Bus & Coach Society. "About Us". Retrieved 8 December 2012.