Mexico City Metrobús

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Mexico City Metrobús
Metrobus Mexico.svg
Metrobus-Glorieta-Insurgentes.JPG
Metrobús on Insurgentes station
Founded 2005
Locale Mexico City
Service type bus rapid transit
Routes 5
Stops 172
Fleet 269 Articulated buses
+ 35 Bi-articulated buses
= 304 total[1]
Daily ridership 850,000 daily[2]
Website www.metrobus.df.gob.mx (in Spanish)

The Mexico City Metrobús (officially Sistema de Corredores de Transporte Público de Pasajeros del Distrito Federal and simply known as Metrobús) is a bus rapid transit (BRT) system that serves Mexico City since 2005. As of November 2013 it comprises five lines that traverse the city and connect with other forms of transit, namely the Mexico City Metro. It was officially opened to the public with service along line 1 on 19 June 2005.

As of June 2013, 367 Metrobús buses transported 850,000 passengers daily.[2]

History[edit]

The Mexico City Metrobús was opened along the northernmost portion of Line 1 on 19 June 2005.[3] Initial service was from Metro Indios Verdes south to Metro Insurgentes. This was quickly followed by a southward expansion from Metro Insurgentes to MB station Doctor Gálvez, bringing the line length up to 20 kilometres (12 mi). Many of the stations along Line 1 feature cantilevered glass canopies designed by architect Carlos Monge.[4]

Before and after[edit]

The system replaced 372 standard buses and microbuses that served Avenida de los Insurgentes with 212 articulated buses that run at an average speed of 20 km/h (12 mph), doing 60 km/h (37 mph) as maximum. Doing so, travel times along the corridor are reduced up to 50%.[5]

Environmental impact[edit]

Besides addressing the bus service problem, the BRT Metrobús project emerged in the context of the city’s efforts to reduce Air pollution in Mexico City with a program called Proaire 2002-2010.[6] According to Metrobús, annual environmental benefits include a reduction of 35,400 long tons (36,000 t) of carbon dioxide, 9,700 long tons (9,900 t) of carbon monoxide, 206 long tons (209 t) of NOx, and 1.27 long tons (1.29 t) of PM10 particulates

2008 expansion[edit]

MB station Xola under construction near the intersection of Eje Central and Eje 4 Sur, 25 August 2008

The original Line 1 was expanded with the inclusion of nine new stations in order to achieve full coverage of Avenida Insurgentes. The southward expansion of service along Line 1 started service on 13 March 2008 and brought the line's length up to 30 kilometres (19 mi).[3]

A second Metrobús line was also built in 2008, running west to east along Eje 4 Sur. This second line connects Metro Tacubaya, Etiopía, Patriotismo and with the Insurgentes Metrobús at its Nuevo León stop, and was opened on 16 December 2009.[7]

2010 expansion[edit]

According to the Mexican newspaper, El Universal, construction of the first 16 km (9.9 mi) of Línea 3 (line 3) began on 5 March 2010 and was scheduled to end in April 2011.[8] However, service along Line 3 started on 8 February 2011.[9] During construction, for every tree taken down three were planted, for a total of 1,546 trees planted. In addition, it was estimated that Line 3 will carry 100,000 passengers per day.[8] Travel time will be reduced by up to 40%.

2011 expansion[edit]

In late 2010 the Head of Government of the Federal District Marcelo Ebrard announced a plan to build a new Metrobús Line 4 that would run from near Buenavista Station in the west of the city eastward towards Mexico City International Airport.[10] Construction on Line 4 started on 4 July 2011,[11] although the start of construction was met with some protest from residents and business owners along the proposed route.[12]

2013 expansion[edit]

On November 5, 2013, Line 5 opened, running along Eje 3 Oriente connecting San Lazaro with Metro Río de los Remedios to the northeast;[13][14]

Planned further expansion[edit]

In June 2013, Mexico City's mayor announced two more lines to come:[2] Line 5 (see above), and Line 6 along Eje 5 Norte connecting Metro El Rosario in the northwest of the city with Alameda Oriente on the east side of the airport.[15]

Passenger access and payment[edit]

Southern section of Avenida de los Insurgentes seen from a bridge of the Periférico near the Perisur Mall, showing the Perisur MB station

Ticketing is by pre-paid proximity smartcard, which travellers have to pass through turnstiles at the entry to the separated bus platforms. During the early months of the system's operations, limited availability of the cards required a temporary method for access to the system involving purchasing a normal single-trip paper ticket at a cost of MXN$4.50. Starting in October 2005, and with smartcard supply able to cover the demand, access is done exclusively by using the card.

As of 2014, the single-trip cost is MXN$6.00 (about  0.27 or US$ 0.38) A new MB smartcard, preloaded with one voyage, can be purchased for MXN$10.00 (≈ € 0.80/US$ 1.14) and "recharged" for MXN$6.00 per trip.

The smartcard system has generated controversy, especially from occasional and one-time users who complain about the MXN$15.00 fee for a single-voyage card, for this is common that sometimes people ask others who have the smartcard to charge for them a trip.

Service is free for those over 70 years old, or disabled, as well as for children under 5 accompanied by an adult.[16]

Routes and hours[edit]

Metrobús de la Ciudad de México Ruta 1.svg

The first line covers a distance of up to 30 kilometres (19 mi), running in a dedicated bus-lane built within the central reservation (median) of Avenida de los Insurgentes.[3] Avenida Insurgentes is one of the city's main north-to-south arterial routes, constitutes a section of the Pan-American Highway, and is reputed to be the longest urban avenue in the world.

This line starts at Metro Indios Verdes, a large multimodal transport node in the Gustavo A. Madero borough. From there it runs south, through Cuauhtémoc and Benito Juárez, before terminating in the La Joya[disambiguation needed] district of Tlalpan borough, providing a total of 45 stations. It was built in two sections, with a split at Metro Insurgentes, the notional dividing point between the avenue's northern and southern stretches, just south of where Avenida Insurgentes intersects with Paseo de la Reforma.

System map

On its route south from Indios Verdes, the Metrobús also connects with Metro stations at Deportivo 18 de Marzo, Potrero, La Raza, Buenavista, Revolución, Insurgentes, and Chilpancingo, providing connections with Metro Lines 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, and 9. The proposed southward extension of Mexico City Metro Line 7 will also enable that line to connect at the Metrobús' original southernmost station, Doctor Gálvez.[citation needed]

Metrobús de la Ciudad de México Ruta 2.svg

Line 2 runs 20 kilometres (12 mi) from Tacubaya in the west, where there is a connection to the Metro Tacubaya station; to Tepalcates in the east, where there is a connection to the Metro Tepalcates station.[17]

Line 2 opened on 16 December 2009.[7]

Metrobús de la Ciudad de México Ruta 3.svg

Line 3 runs 17 kilometres (11 mi) from Tenayuca northwest of the city southward to Etiopía II, where there is connection to Metrobús Line 2 as well as the Metro Etiopía station.[9]

Line 3 opened on 8 February 2011.[9]

Metrobús de la Ciudad de México Ruta 4.svg

Line 4 includes a two step construction process with the first 28 kilometres (17 mi) operational segment built between Buenavista and Metro San Lázaro.[18] A extension provides travel between San Lázaro and the Airport.[18] Instead of travelling along a single avenue or axis road Line 4 traffic circulates around the Centro Histórico.[18] To navigate the turns and narrow streets in and near the Centro Histórico Line 4 uses 12-metre (39 ft) long light buses instead of the 18-metre (59 ft) articulated buses used on the other lines in the system.[18] The stations for Line 4 look more like conventional bus stops and are built at curbside instead of within a dedicated portion of a central reservation as used on the other lines.[18]

The MB operates from 04:30 to 24:00 (midnight) Monday through Friday, and from 05:00 to 24:00 on Saturdays, Sundays and Holidays. Hours for individual stations may vary in the mornings.[1] A flash-based map of the system is available at the Metrobús website.[17]

Line 4 opened on 1 April 2012.

Metrobús de la Ciudad de México Ruta 5.svg

Line 5 runs 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from Río de los Remedios in the west, where there is a connection to the Río de los Remedios station; to San Lázaro in the east, where there is a connection to the Metro San Lázaro

Line 5 opened on 5 November 2013.[13]

List of stations[edit]

Official name (if any) in brackets. Metro stations in italics are the nearest, though not interconnected.
Indios Verdes Station.
Line Services Total stops Passenger track Inauguration
  Line 1 Indios VerdesEl Caminero
Indios VerdesDoctor Gálvez
BuenavistaEl Caminero
46
36
38
19 June 2005
  Line 2 TacubayaTepalcates
Colonia del ValleTepalcates
33 (west to east)/32 (east to west)
32 (west to east)/31 (east to west)
16 December 2009
  Line 3 TenayucaEtiopía/Plaza de la Transparencia
TenayucaLa Raza
TenayucaBuenavista
31
16
21
8 February 2011
  Line 4 (North) BuenavistaSan Lázaro
Buenavista – Terminals T1 and T2 of the Benito Juárez International Airport (different fare)
15
17
1 April 2012
  Line 4 (South) BuenavistaSan Lázaro 21 (west to east)/21 (east to west) 1 April 2012
  Line 5 Río de los RemediosSan Lázaro 18 5 November 2013
  Line 6 El RosarioAragón 35

Line 1 (Avenida Insurgentes) Indios Verdes - El Caminero[edit]

  1. Indios Verdes <-> MetroDF Linea 3.jpg Indios Verdes
  2. Deportivo 18 de Marzo <-> MetroDF Linea 3.jpg MetroDF Linea 6.jpg Deportivo 18 de Marzo
  3. Euzkaro >>> MetroDF Linea 6.jpg Deportivo 18 de Marzo
  4. Potrero <-> MetroDF Linea 3.jpg Potrero
  5. La Raza <-> MetroDF Linea 3.jpg MetroDF Linea 5.jpg La Raza
  6. Circuito Metrobús de la Ciudad de México Ruta 3.svg >>> MetroDF Linea 3.jpg La Raza
  7. San Simón >>> MetroDF Linea 3.jpg Tlatelolco
  8. Manuel González >>> MetroDF Linea 3.jpg Tlatelolco
  9. Buenavista <-> MetroDF Linea B.jpg Buenavista
  10. El Chopo >>> MetroDF Linea B.jpg Buenavista
  11. Revolución <-> MetroDF Linea 2.jpg Revolución
  12. Plaza de la Republica >>> MetroDF Linea 2.jpg Revolución
  13. Reforma >>> MetroDF Linea 2.jpg Revolución
  14. Hamburgo >>> MetroDF Linea 1.jpg Insurgentes
  15. Insurgentes (Glorieta de los Insurgentes) <-> MetroDF Linea 1.jpg Insurgentes
  16. Durango >>> MetroDF Linea 1.jpg Insurgentes
  17. Álvaro Obregón >>> MetroDF Linea 1.jpg Insurgentes
  18. Sonora >>> MetroDF Linea 9.jpg Chilpancingo
  19. Campeche >>> MetroDF Linea 9.jpg Chilpancingo
  20. Chilpancingo <-> MetroDF Linea 9.jpg Chilpancingo
  21. Nuevo León Metrobús de la Ciudad de México Ruta 2.svg
  22. La Piedad>>>MetroDF Linea 3.jpg Eugenia
  23. Poliforum (Poliforum Siqueiros)MetroDF Linea 7.jpg Metro San Pedro de los Pinos
  24. Nápoles
  25. Colonia del Valle >>> MetroDF Linea 7.jpg San Pedro de los Pinos
  26. Ciudad de los Deportes >>> MetroDF Linea 7.jpg San Antonio
  27. Parque Hundido >>> MetroDF Linea 12.jpg Insurgentes Sur
  28. Félix Cuevas <-> MetroDF Linea 12.jpg Insurgentes Sur
  29. Río Churubusco >>> MetroDF Linea 12.jpg Insurgentes Sur
  30. Teatro Insurgentes >>> MetroDF Linea 7.jpg Barranca del Muerto
  31. José María Velasco >>> MetroDF Linea 7.jpg Barranca del Muerto
  32. Francia >>> MetroDF Linea 7.jpg Barranca del Muerto
  33. Olivo MetroDF Linea 3.jpg Viveros
  34. Altavista >>> MetroDF Linea 3.jpg Miguel Ángel de Quevedo
  35. La Bombilla >>> MetroDF Linea 3.jpg Miguel Ángel de Quevedo
  36. Doctor GálvezMetroDF Linea 3.jpg Copilco
  37. Ciudad Universitaria >>> MetroDF Linea 3.jpg Universidad
  38. Centro Cultural UniversitarioMetro Universidad
  39. Perisur >>> MetroDF Linea 3.jpg Universidad
  40. Villa Olímpica
  41. Corregidora
  42. Ayuntamiento
  43. Fuentes Brotantes
  44. Santa Úrsula
  45. La Joya
  46. El Caminero (Monumento al Caminero)

Line 2 (Corredor Eje 4 Sur) Tacubaya - Tepalcates[edit]

  1. Tacubaya <-> MetroDF Linea 1.jpg MetroDF Linea 7.jpg MetroDF Linea 9.jpg Tacubaya
  2. Parque Lira
  3. Antonio Maceo
  4. De la Salle
  5. Patriotismo <-> MetroDF Linea 9.jpg Patriotismo
  6. Escandón
  7. Nuevo León Metrobús de la Ciudad de México Ruta 1.svg
  8. Viaducto
  9. Amores
  10. Etiopía/Plaza de la Transparencia Metrobús de la Ciudad de México Ruta 3.svg <-> MetroDF Linea 3.jpg Etiopía
  11. Doctor Vértiz
  12. Centro SCOP
  13. Álamos
  14. Xola <-> MetroDF Linea 2.jpg Xola
  15. Las Américas
  16. Andrés Molina
  17. La Viga >>> MetroDF Linea 4.jpg Santa Anita
  18. Coyuya >>> MetroDF Linea 8.jpg Coyuya
  19. Tlacotal
  20. Canela
  21. Goma
  22. Iztacalco
  23. UPIICSA
  24. El Rodeo
  25. Río Tecolutla
  26. Río Mayo
  27. Río Frío
  28. Rojo Gómez
  29. Del Moral
  30. Leyes de Reforma
  31. CCH Oriente
  32. Constitución de Apatzingán
  33. Canal de San Juan <-> MetroDF Linea A.jpg Canal de San Juan
  34. Nicolás Bravo
  35. Gral. A. de León
  36. Tepalcates <-> MetroDF Linea A.jpg Tepalcates

Line 3 (Eje 1 Poniente) Tenayuca - Etiopía/Plaza de la Transparencia[edit]

  1. Tenayuca
  2. San José de la Escalera
  3. Progreso Nacional
  4. Tres Anegas
  5. Júpiter
  6. La Patera
  7. Poniente 146 >>> MetroDF Linea 5.jpg Politécnico
  8. Montevideo
  9. Poniente 134 >>> MetroDF Linea 6.jpg Vallejo
  10. Poniente 128
  11. Magdalena de las Salinas
  12. Coltongo >>> MetroDF Linea 5.jpg Autobuses del Norte
  13. Cuitláhuac
  14. Héroe de Nacozari
  15. Hospital La Raza
  16. La Raza 2
  17. Circuito Metrobús de la Ciudad de México Ruta 1.svg >>> MetroDF Linea 3.jpg MetroDF Linea 5.jpg La Raza
  18. Tolnahuac
  19. Tlatelolco
  20. Ricardo Flores Magón
  21. Guerrero >>> MetroDF Linea 3.jpg MetroDF Linea B.jpg Guerrero
  22. Buenavista II >>> MetroDF Linea B.jpg Buenavista
  23. Mina
  24. Hidalgo Metrobús de la Ciudad de México Ruta 4.svg >>>>>> MetroDF Linea 2.jpg MetroDF Linea 3.jpg Hidalgo
  25. Juárez Metrobús de la Ciudad de México Ruta 4.svg >>> MetroDF Linea 3.jpg Juárez
  26. Balderas >>> MetroDF Linea 1.jpg MetroDF Linea 3.jpg Balderas
  27. Cuauhtémoc >>> MetroDF Linea 1.jpg Cuauhtémoc
  28. Jardín Pushkin MetroDF Linea 3.jpg Niños Heroes
  29. Hospital General >>> MetroDF Linea 3.jpg Hospital General
  30. Doctor Márquez
  31. Centro Médico >>> MetroDF Linea 3.jpg MetroDF Linea 9.jpg Centro Médico
  32. Obrero Mundial
  33. Etiopía/Transparencia Metrobús de la Ciudad de México Ruta 2.svg <-> MetroDF Linea 3.jpg Etiopía

Line 4 (Centro Histórico) Buenavista - Terminal 2[edit]

  1. Buenavista Metrobús de la Ciudad de México Ruta 1.svg MetroDF Linea B.jpg Buenavista
  2. Delegacion Cuauhtemoc
  3. Puente de Alvarado MetroDF Linea 2.jpg Revolucion
  4. Plaza de la Republica Metrobús de la Ciudad de México Ruta 1.svg
  5. Glorieta de Colon
  6. EXPO Reforma
  7. Vocacional 5
  8. Juarez Metrobús de la Ciudad de México Ruta 3.svg >>>MetroDF Linea 3.jpg Juarez
  9. Plaza San Juan MetroDF Linea 8.jpg San Juan de Letran
  10. Eje Central MetroDF Linea 1.jpg MetroDF Linea 8.jpg Salto del Agua
  11. El Salvador
  12. Isabel la Catolica MetroDF Linea 1.jpg Isabel la Catolica
  13. Museo de la Ciudad >>>MetroDF Linea 1.jpg Pino Suarez MetroDF Linea 2.jpg Zocalo
  14. Pino Suarez MetroDF Linea 1.jpgMetroDF Linea 2.jpg Pino Suarez
  15. Las Cruces
  16. La Merced MetroDF Linea 1.jpg Merced
  17. Circunvalación >>>MetroDF Linea 1.jpg Merced
  18. Mercado de Sonora
  19. Cecilio Robelo MetroDF Linea 1.jpg MetroDF Linea 4.jpg Candelaria
  20. Hospital Balbuena MetroDF Linea 1.jpg Candelaria MetroDF Linea 4.jpg Fray Servando
  21. Eduardo Molina
  22. Moctezuma MetroDF Linea 1.jpg Moctezuma
  23. San Lazaro Metrobús de la Ciudad de México Ruta 5.svg >>> MetroDF Linea 1.jpg MetroDF Linea B.jpg San Lazaro
  24. Archivo General de la Nacion Metrobús de la Ciudad de México Ruta 5.svg >>>
  25. Morelos MetroDF Linea 4.jpg MetroDF Linea B.jpg Morelos
  26. Ferrocarril de Cintura
  27. Mixcalco MetroDF Linea B.jpg Tepito
  28. Teatro de Pueblo
  29. Republica de Argentina MetroDF Linea 2.jpg Allende
  30. Republica de Chile MetroDF Linea 2.jpg Allende
  31. Teatro Blanquita
  32. Bellas Artes MetroDF Linea 2.jpg MetroDF Linea 8.jpg Bellas Artes
  33. Hidalgo Metrobús de la Ciudad de México Ruta 3.svg >>>MetroDF Linea 2.jpg MetroDF Linea 3.jpg Hidalgo
  34. Museo San Carlos
  35. Puente de Alvarado MetroDF Linea 2.jpg Revolucion
  36. Delegacion Cuauhtemoc
  37. Buenavista MetroDF Linea B.jpg Buenavista
  38. Terminal 1 MetroDF Linea 5.jpg Terminal Aerera
  39. Terminal 2 MetroDF Linea 5.jpg MetroDF Linea 1.jpg MetroDF Linea A.jpg MetroDF Linea 9.jpgPantitlan

Line 5 (Eje 3 Oriente) Río de los Remedios - San Lázaro[edit]

  1. Río de los Remedios
  2. 314 Memorial News Divine
  3. 5 de Mayo
  4. Vasco de Quiroga
  5. El Coyol
  6. Preparatoria 3
  7. San Juan de Aragon
  8. Río Guadalupe >>>MetroDF Linea 4.jpg Martin Carrera
  9. Talisman >>>MetroDF Linea 4.jpg Talisman
  10. Victoria
  11. Oriente 101 >>>MetroDF Linea 4.jpg Bondojito
  12. Río Santa Coleta
  13. Consulado MetroDF Linea 5.jpg Eduardo Molina
  14. Canal del Norte >>>MetroDF Linea 4.jpg Canal del Norte
  15. Deportivo Eduardo Molina
  16. Mercado Morelos >>>MetroDF Linea 4.jpg MetroDF Linea B.jpg Morelos
  17. Archivo General de la Nación Metrobús de la Ciudad de México Ruta 4.svg >>>
  18. San Lazaro Metrobús de la Ciudad de México Ruta 4.svg >>> >>>MetroDF Linea 1.jpg MetroDF Linea B.jpg San Lazaro

See also[edit]

http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mexico_City_Metrob%C3%BAs&action=edit#

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Metrobús - Ciudad de México: FAQ" (in Spanish). Sistema de Corredores de Transporte Público de Pasajeros del D.F., Metrobús. Retrieved 17 September 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c Dos líneas más de metrobús [Two more metrobús lines], Excelsior, June 20, 2013 
  3. ^ a b c "Metrobús - Ciudad de México: Ficha técnica de Línea 1" (in Spanish). Sistema de Corredores de Transporte Público de Pasajeros del D.F., Metrobús. Retrieved 17 September 2011. 
  4. ^ "Metrobus" (in Spanish). Fideicomiso para el Mejoramiento de las Vías de Comunicación del Distrito Federal. Retrieved 17 September 2011. 
  5. ^ Metrobús, EMBARQ website 
  6. ^ "PROAIRE 2002-2010" (in Spanish). Secretaría del Medio Ambiente del Gobierno del Distrito Federal. 12 July 2004. Retrieved 17 September 2011. 
  7. ^ a b "Metrobús - Ciudad de México: Ficha técnica de Línea 2" (in Spanish). Sistema de Corredores de Transporte Público de Pasajeros del D.F., Metrobús. Retrieved 17 September 2011. 
  8. ^ a b Balboa, Berenice (12 May 2010). "Aceleran construcción de la Línea 3 del Metrobús". El Universal (in Spanish). Retrieved 2010-05-19. 
  9. ^ a b c "Metrobús - Ciudad de México: Ficha técnica de Línea 3" (in Spanish). Sistema de Corredores de Transporte Público de Pasajeros del D.F., Metrobús. Retrieved 17 September 2011. 
  10. ^ Robles, Johana (28 November 2010). "L-4 de Metrobús arranca a principios de 2011: GDF". El Universal (Mexico City) (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 September 2011. 
  11. ^ Robles, Johana (4 July 2011). "Inicia construcción de L4 del Metrobús". El Universal (Mexico City) (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 September 2011. 
  12. ^ Robles, Johana (4 July 2011). "Comerciantes se manifiestan contra L4 de Metrobús". El Universal (Mexico City) (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 September 2011. 
  13. ^ a b "Abre L5 del Metrobús con servicio gratis", Reforma, 5 November 2013
  14. ^ "Línea 5 resultados". Metrobús. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  15. ^ Rafael Montes (June 4, 2013). "Línea 6 del Metrobús correrá por Eje 5 Norte" [Metrobús Line 6 will run on Eje 5 Norte]. El Universal. 
  16. ^ "Metrobús - Ciudad de México: Gratuidad" (in Spanish). Sistema de Corredores de Transporte Público de Pasajeros del D.F., Metrobús. Retrieved 17 September 2011. 
  17. ^ a b "Metrobús - Ciudad de México: Mapa de Sistema" (in Spanish). Sistema de Corredores de Transporte Público de Pasajeros del D.F., Metrobús. Retrieved 17 September 2011. 
  18. ^ a b c d e "Metrobús - Ciudad de México: Línea 4" (in Spanish). Sistema de Corredores deTransporte Público de Pasajeros del D.F., Metrobús. Retrieved 17 September 2011. 

External links[edit]