Mineral Wells, Texas
|Mineral Wells, Texas|
|Counties||Palo Pinto, Parker|
|• City Council||Mayor Mike Allen
|• City Manager||Lance Howerton|
|• Total||21.2 sq mi (54.9 km2)|
|• Land||20.5 sq mi (53.0 km2)|
|• Water||0.7 sq mi (1.9 km2)|
|Elevation||883 ft (269 m)|
|• Density||818.9/sq mi (316.8/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|ZIP codes||76067-76068 |
|FIPS code||48-48684 |
|GNIS feature ID||1341714 |
Mineral Wells is a city in Palo Pinto and Parker counties in the U.S. state of Texas. The population was 16,788 at the 2010 census (14,644 in Palo Pinto and 2144 in Parker). The city is named for mineral springs in the area, which were highly popular in the early 1900s. Mineral Wells is most famous for its Baker Hotel.
In 1952, Mineral Wells was the host of the Republican state convention in which delegates divided between presidential candidates Dwight D. Eisenhower and Robert A. Taft. Though state chairman Orville Bullington of Wichita Falls led the Taft forces, the convention vote ultimately went 33-5 in favor of Eisenhower, who was thereafter nominated and elected.
Also from Mineral Wells is Astronaut Millie Hughes-Fulford, who graduated from Mineral Wells High School in 1962. Dr. Hughes-Fulford flew aboard STS-40 Spacelab Life Sciences (SLS 1) in June 1991 as a Mission Specialist conducting medical experiments, logging over 3.2 million miles in 146 orbits.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 21.2 square miles (54.9 km²), of which, 20.5 square miles (53.0 km²) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.9 km²) of it (3.45%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 16,946 people, 5,707 households, and 3,857 families residing in the city. The population density was 828.6 people per square mile (319.9/km²). There were 6,386 housing units at an average density of 312.2 per square mile (120.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 77.69% White, 8.77% African American, 0.54% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 10.50% from other races, and 1.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19.27% of the population.
There are 5,707 households, of which 31.7% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.4% are classified as non-families by the United States Census Bureau. Of 5,707 households, 373 are unmarried partner households: 348 heterosexual, 18 same-sex male, and 7 same-sex female households. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.13.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 120.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 123.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $27,233, and the median income for a family was $33,765. Males had a median income of $29,074 versus $18,633 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,336. About 16.6% of families and 20.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.2% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
The Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) operates the Mineral Wells District Parole Office in Mineral Wells. The Corrections Corporation of America (CCA) operates the Mineral Wells Pre-Parole Transfer Facility in the Fort Wolters Industrial Park on behalf of the TDCJ. The correctional facility, which had been operated by CCA since 1995, is located on the property of the former Fort Wolters in Palo Pinto County and in Mineral Wells. It can house up to 2,100 prisoners. As of March 2013 its annual payroll was $11.7 million and it was among the largest employers in Mineral Wells, with about 300 employees. On Monday March 4, 2013 the Texas Senate Senate Finance Committee voted 11-4 to close the correctional facility. Mike Allen, the mayor of Mineral Wells, criticized the closure, saying "We'll lose right at over 300 jobs, and 300 jobs in a community of 17,000 ... is devastating. This means a lot to this community." John Whitmire, the head of the Texas Senate Criminal Justice Committee, said "We're sitting on about 12,000 empty [prison] beds, so it just makes good business sense ... that we not operate it, and we take those savings and plow them back into additional public safety programs."
The City of Mineral Wells is served by the Mineral Wells Independent School District.
The area is also served by Community Christian School , a private educational facility, offering Pre-K4 through 12th Grades.
Since March 1945, the southern wall of Deutsches Weintor ("German Wine Gate") in Schweigen-Rechtenbach, Rhineland-Palatinate, bears the Graffito: "Jere Gills Min. Wells 3-45" and a map of Texas with a star, marking the position of Mineral Wells. The German Wine Gate ist the start of the 1935 established German Wine Route.
This town is also commemorated in the eponymous Tom Russell song, including specific references to the Crazy Water Hotel.
The climate in this area is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. The Köppen Climate System describes the weather as humid subtropical, and uses the abbreviation Cfa.
|Climate data for Mineral Wells, Texas|
|Average high °C (°F)||14
|Average low °C (°F)||1
|Precipitation mm (inches)||41
|Source: Weatherbase |
- United States Postal Service (2012). "USPS - Look Up a ZIP Code". Retrieved 2012-02-15.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Montgomery, Dave. "Lawmakers look to close private prison in Mineral Wells." Fort Worth Star-Telegram. Tuesday March 5, 2013. Retrieved on March 22, 2013.
- "Parole Division Region II." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
- "Mineral Wells (T2)." (Archive) Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on March 22, 2013.
- "Post Office Location - MINERAL WELLS." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 16, 2010.
- Climate Summary for Mineral Wells, Texas
- "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on September 8, 2013.
- City of Mineral Wells
- Mineral Wells Chamber of Commerce
- Historic Mineral Wells materials
- Mineral Wells City Directories, 1909 and 1920
- A Pictorial History of Fort Wolters
- Historic Mineral Wells postcards and photographs
- Mineral Wells Guide
- Mineral Wells Fossil Park, Palo Pinto County, Texas.
- Mineral Wells Fossil Park, Palo Pinto County, Texas, Dec. 22, 2005.