Mir Mosharraf Hossain
Mir Mosharraf Hossain (Bengali: মীর মশাররফ হোসেন;(1847–1912) was a Bengali language novelist, playwright and essayist in 19th century Bengal. He is principally known for his famous novel Bishad Sindhu. He is considered as the first novelist to emerge from the Muslim society of Bengal.
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Mir Mosharraf Hossain was born in the village of Lahinipara in Kumarkhali under Kushtia District. But most of the time of his life spent in Padamdi in Baliakandi PS under district Rajbari. His widely accepted date of birth is 13 November 1847. But some researchers also claim his date of birth is 26 October 1847. He was born to Mir Moazzem Hossain, a Muslim aristocrat and Daulatunnesa.
Mosharraf Hossain learned Arabic and Persian with a teacher at home and then Bangla at a pathshala. He began his formal education at Kushtia School and then studied up to Class V at Krishnanagar Collegiate School. He was admitted to Kalighat School in Kolkata but could not complete his studies. Mosharraf Hossain began his career looking after his father’s landed property. Later he served the Faridpur Nawab Estate and, in 1885, the Delduar Estate. He lived in Kolkata from 1903 to 1909.
While still a student, Mosharraf Hossain worked as a mofussil reporter for the Sangbad Prabhakar (1831) and Grambarta Prakashika (1863). His literary career started here.
Mir Mosarraf Hossain's magnum opus is Bishad Shindhu, depicting the tale of Martyrdom of Hasan and Husayn in Karbala. He was one of the first Muslim writers to emerge from colonial British India. His other works include Jamidar Darpan (Reflections on Zamindars, a play on the plight of common people under the zamindars (landlords installed by the British colonial rulers) and their struggle against them.
- Ratnawati (1869)
- Bishad Shindhu (1885–1890)
- Jamidar Darpan (1873)
- Bosontokumari Natok (1873)
- Gorai Bridge or Gouri Setu (1873)
- Amar Jiboni (autobiography)
- Bibi Kulsum
- Gazi Miar Bostani
- Bibi Khodejar Bibaho
- Hazrart Umarer Dharmo Jibon Labh
- Musolmaner Bangla Shikhya-1
- Musolmaner Bangla Shikhya-2
In 1865 he married Aziz-un-Nesa. His second wife was Bibi Kulsum married in 1874. He died on 19 December 1912 in Padamdi.
- "Mir Mosharraf Hossain: A pioneering Bengali writer". The Independent. 1 June 2013. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
- ব্রজেন্দ্রনাথ বন্দোপাধ্যায়: 'স্বর্ণকুমারী দেবী, মীর মশাররফ হোসেন'। সাহিত্য সাধক-চরিতমালা' : ২৮-২৯ সংখ্যক পুস্তিকা। পঞ্চম-সং: কলিকাতা, জৈষ্ঠ্য ১৩৬১. পৃষ্ঠা ৩১।
- আবুল আহসান চৌধুরী. মীর মশাররফ হোসেন. জীবনী গ্রন্থমালা সিরিজ. বাংলা একাডেমী. ঢাকা. ১৯৯৩. পৃষ্ঠা-১১।
- "Banglapedia". Retrieved 18 February 2014.
- Golpo Songroho (Collected Stories), the national text book of B.A. (pass and subsidiary) course of Bangladesh, published by University of Dhaka in 1979 (reprint in 1986).
- Bangla Sahitya (Bengali Literature), the national text book of intermediate (college) level of Bangladesh published in 1996 by all educational boards.