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ضلع میر پور
|• Total||1,010 km2 (390 sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
Mirpur District (Urdu: ضلع میر پور) is a district in Azad Kashmir. The district is named after the main city, Mirpur. The District of Mirpur has a population of 371,000 and covers an area of 1,010 km2 (390 sq mi). The district is mainly mountainous with some plains. Its hot, dry climate and other geographical conditions closely resemble those of Jhelum and Gujrat, the adjoining districts of Pakistan.
Language and history
Prior to the independence of Pakistan and India, Mirpur was part of the Jammu division of the independent state of Jammu and Kashmir. The Jammu division is separated from ethnic Kashmiris in Kashmir Valley by the Pir Panjal mountain range. Hence Mirpuri population is linguistically and ethnically Pahari/Pothwari. The vast majority belong to the Jatt ethnic group followed by the Rajputs and then the Gujjars. The rest were up until the 1950s called massalis and were known for a trade like nais, mistrys, tarkhans, chamars, mochis, telis and others. These groups eventually left their massali ethnic clans and converted themselves to Arabs or Turks but are still known locally as Massalis. Mirpuri Potohari, Majhi and Gojri dialects of Punjabi Language are the predominant languages of the district. Other languages spoken include Urdu and English.
Mirpur District is located in southwestern Kashmir, and west of the Jammu province. It is part of Pakistan-administered Kashmir, which comes under the protection of Pakistan. Part of Jammu is currently managed by India. Both countries are currently in dispute as to which country owns Jammu and Kashmir. The district is administratively subdivided into two tehsils:
- Islamgarh (town)
- Kakra (town) - Located 12 km from Mirpur - comes between Mirpur and Islamgarh.
- Khari Sharif - located 8 km from Mirpur; it is famous for its Sufi shrines.
- Mangla, a town 16 km from Mirpur; it is situated at the mouth of the Mangla Dam.
- Ramkot Fort
Erstwhile Mirpur District (including present-day Bhimber District) has a considerable refugee population (like refugees in Karachi) They are from almost all the castes; however, Mirpur (especially Tehsil Dadyal) has predominantly Jat and Gujjar caste refugees. The villages of Jat refugees in Tehsil Dadyal are Mohra Malkan and Mehndir Colony. A vast majority from Mohra Malkan has shifted to Village Khairowal Jattan, Tehsil Barnala, Distt Bhimber in 1974 where each family was allotted 64 Kanals of agricultural land. However, many of the families which shifted to Khairowal or Chamb still have nostaligic feelings of their days in Dadyal and great people of Dadyal. They do not miss an opportunity (funeral, weddings, festivals) to enjoy their occasional reunions with the inhabitants of Mohra Malkan and other nearby villages like Chapran, Mehra etc.
- Mirpur tehsil
Afzalpur, Abdulahpur, Andrah Kalan, Arah Jagir, Ballah, Banni , Burjan, Chabrian Dattan, Chak Haryam, Chandral, Chatan, Chechian, Dalyala, Dheri Thothal, Ghaseetpur Awan, Ghaseetpur Sohalian, Islamgarh, Jatlan, Jangian Kotla, Kakra, Kalyal Bhainsi, Kas Kalyal, Khari Sharif, Khokhar, Mehmunpur, Nagial, Pindi Subherwal, Potha Bainsi, Sahang, Saleemabad, SukhChainPur, Nawan Garan, Gorsian, Chak Ghayan.
- Dadyal tehsil