Missouri Theatre Center for the Arts
|Architectural style||Louis XIV and XV|
|NRHP Reference #||
|Added to NRHP||June 6, 1979|
The Missouri Theatre Center for the Arts, better known as the Missouri Theatre, is a concert and entertainment venue in downtown Columbia, Missouri, occupying most of a city block between 9th street between Locust and Elm Streets. It was designed after the Opéra Garnier by the Boller Brothers, built in 1928, and is on the National Register of Historic Places. It is Columbia's only surviving pre-Depression movie palace and vaudeville stage. In 2011, the University of Missouri began a three-year lease of the facility. The Missouri Theatre is the resident home of the Missouri Symphony Orchestra, and is also frequently used by University of Missouri and civic groups.
The theater opened on October 5, 1928 to a flurry of excitement from the community of Columbia. It was built at a cost of over 400,000 dollars which is equivalent to over 4.5 million dollars today. Advertisements in the Columbia Daily Tribune proclaimed the "Formal Opening of your new Missouri Theatre—Friday Evening… A $400,000 Showhouse of Unrivaled Beauty and Extravagant Setting in Central Missouri. The Magnificent Splendor of This Palace of Amusement Will Dazzle and Thrill You." Telegrams were received from The United Artist in Hollywood, as well as from actors such as Charlie Chaplin and Gloria Swanson, congratulating the managers of the theater. On opening night the performers included The Missouri Rockettes (later to become the Radio City Rockettes) and Jack Keith and his Missouri Orchestra. It was rumored that Bob Hope also made an appearance. The Theatre operated much in this fashion as well as a movie palace until 1953.
Because of its size and extravagance the Missouri Theatre was difficult to maintain and was leased to Commonwealth Theaters, Inc. in 1953 who operated it as a single-screen movie theater until 1983. In 1979 the building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The advent of the multiscreen cinemas in Columbia lead to the eventually purchase of the theatre by the Missouri Symphony Society on January 7, 1988.
In 2002, the Missouri Symphony Society began plans to transform the Missouri Theatre into the Missouri Theatre Center for the Arts (MTCA). The Missouri Symphony Society experienced record-breaking success in 2005 with the Hot Summer Nights Music Festival as more than 11,200 music lovers attended concerts featuring Maestro Kirk Trevor, the Missouri Symphony Orchestra, and world-renown guest artists throughout its eight-week summer season.
On July 28, 2007, the restoration of the Missouri Theatre began after the conclusion of the Hot Summer Nights Music Festival. The following summer, the fully restored Missouri Theatre Center for the Arts re-opened with Tony Bennett and the Hot Summer Nights Music Festival. The renovations included a new second floor with administrative offices and a 2,500 sq. ft. rooftop patio.
In 2011, the University of Missouri began a new chapter in Missouri Theatre history. Operated by Event Production Services, Missouri Theatre is now home to the University Concert Series box office, and acts as a recital and performance venue for many University of Missouri School of Music performance groups.
The interior of the building is ornate baroque and rococo style of the Louis XIV and XV periods. It was designed after the Paris Opera House by the Boller Brothers Architects of Kansas City, Missouri. Much original detail still exist, including Belgian marble wainscoting, plaster reliefs, stained glass and, one of the most notable features, an 1800-pound Italian auditorium chandelier featuring crystal prisms and etched panels. At one time, the deep red carpet in the grand lobby had the Great Seal of Missouri and the letter M woven into it.
Missouri Symphony Orchestra
Missouri Theatre is the home of mid-Missouri's only professional resident symphony orchestra, the Missouri Symphony Orchestra (MSO). Established by the Missouri Symphony Society in 1976, the MSO is composed of musicians from throughout the United States and around the world.
Through its annual eight-week season, the Hot Summer Nights Music Festival in June and July, and tours throughout the state and beyond, the Missouri Symphony Orchestra has been heralded by the Kansas City Star as an ensemble that performs with "energy and elan, as well as secure technique." Since 2001, the MSO has been directed by Maestro Kirk Trevor.
In addition to the Missouri Symphony Society's artistic programming, the Missouri Theatre hosts multiple arts education programs and organizations, including the:
- MOSS Youth Orchestra
- MOSS Junior Strings
- MOSS Children's Choir
- The Treblemakers
- Missouri Theatre Technical Institute
- Plowman Chamber Music Competition
- Mary Nell Porter Premiere Series
Local Arts Organizations
Missouri Theatre also provides a performance venue home for many local not-for-profit arts organizations:
- Women's Symphony League
- Columbia Art League
- Columbia Civic Orchestra
- Missouri Contemporary Ballet
- Ragtag Cinema's Missouri Theatre Film Series
- University of Missouri Show-Me Opera
- P.A.C.E. Youth Theatre
- Belly Dance United
- Boonslick Chordbusters
- Columbia Chorale
Missouri Theatre also serves as the central location for arts attractions such as:
- True/False Film Festival
- UM School of Music
- Blind Boone Ragtime Festival
- Mozart-Higday Music Trust Series
- Concerts presented by The Blue Note (Missouri)