Aerial view of Arrowhead Stadium
|Address||1 Arrowhead Drive
Kansas City, Missouri 64129
|Owner||Jackson County Sports Complex Authority|
|Operator||Kansas City Chiefs|
|Broke ground||July 11, 1968|
|Opened||August 12, 1972|
|Construction cost||$43 million
($242 million in 2014 dollars)
$375 million (2007-2010 renovation)
($406 million in 2014 dollars)
|Architect||Kivett and Myers|
|Structural engineer||Bob D. Campbell & Co. Structural Engineers|
|General contractor||Sharp-Kidde-Webb Joint Venture|
|Kansas City Chiefs (NFL) (1972–present)
Kansas City Wizards (MLS) (1996-2007)
Arrowhead Stadium (commonly or simply Arrowhead) is a stadium located in Kansas City, Missouri, and home to the NFL's Kansas City Chiefs. It is part of the city's Truman Sports Complex (together with Kauffman Stadium). The stadium is commonly referred to as the "Home of the CHIEFS" at the beginning of every home game during the singing of the national anthem. It is the 27th largest stadium in North America and fifth largest NFL Stadium in seating capacity; behind AT&T Stadium, Lambeau Field, MetLife Stadium, and FedExField. It is the largest sports facility, by capacity, in the state of Missouri. A $375 million renovation of the stadium was completed in 2010.
In January 1967, the Chiefs played in the first Super Bowl. In October of that year, Kansas City A's team owner Charlie Finley finally won approval from Major League Baseball to move the Kansas City Athletics to Oakland, California and out of the aging Municipal Stadium and its inner city neighborhood. The City of Kansas City was unable to find a suitable location for a stadium so Jackson County, Missouri stepped in and offered a suburban location on the extreme east edge of Kansas City near the interchange of Interstate 70 and Interstate 435.
Voters in 1967 approved a $102 million bond issue to build a new sports complex with two stadiums. The original design called for construction of side-by-side baseball and football stadiums with a common roof that would roll between them. The design proved to be more complicated and expensive than originally thought and so was scrapped in favor of the current open-air configuration. The two-stadium complex concept was the first of its kind. The Chiefs staff, led by Jack Steadman, helped develop the complex.
Construction began in 1968. The original two-stadium concept was initially designed by Denver architect Charles Deaton and Steadman. Deaton's design was implemented by the Kansas City architectural firm of Kivett & Myers. Arrowhead is considered by some to have had an influence on the design of several future NFL stadiums.
Construction on Arrowhead Stadium was completed in time for the 1972 season. On August 12, 1972, The Chiefs defeated the St. Louis Cardinals 24–14 in the first game at Arrowhead Stadium. Later on in the 1972 season, the largest crowd to see a game in Arrowhead Stadium was 82,094 in a Chiefs game against the Oakland Raiders on November 5.
On January 20, 1974, Arrowhead Stadium hosted the Pro Bowl. Due to an ice storm and brutally cold temperatures the week leading up to the game, the game's participants worked out at the facilities of the San Diego Chargers. On game day, the temperature soared to 41 degrees, melting most of the ice and snow that accumulated during the week. The AFC defeated the NFC by a score of 15–13.
In 1984, the Jackson County Sports Authority re-evaluated the concept of a dome (a fabric one). The concept was disregarded as being unnecessary and financially impractical.
In 1988 and 1989, the stadium hosted the Drum Corps International World Championships.
In 1991, two Diamond Vision screens shaped as footballs were installed. In 1994 other improvements were made and a grass playing surface was installed, replacing the original AstroTurf artificial turf.
With the formation of Major League Soccer in 1996, Arrowhead became home to the Kansas City Wizards. They left after the 2007 season, after being sold by The Hunt Family to On Goal, LLC, once their lease ended. This was also beneficial so that construction work on Arrowhead's renovation could take place during the NFL off-season (see below). The Wizards moved to CommunityAmerica Ballpark in 2008 and did not return to Arrowhead except for one friendly (see below).
In 2009, Arrowhead Stadium completed the installation of a multimillion-dollar integrated system from Daktronics out of Brookings, South Dakota. Two high definition video displays were retrofitted into the existing football-shaped displays in both end zones. Approximately 1,625 feet (495 m) of digital ribbon board technology was also installed in the stadium.
On July 25, 2010, Sporting Kansas City played Manchester United as Manchester United's 3rd pre-season friendly in America during 2011 at Arrowhead Stadium in Kansas City. Due to ticket demand, they could not play the game at the 10,000 seat CommunityAmerica Ballpark. The match ended with Kansas City beating the Manchester Club 2-1 with Dimitar Berbatov scoring the only goal for Manchester United on a penalty kick.
On October 13, 2013, in a game between the Chiefs and Oakland Raiders, the crowd at the stadium set a Guinness World Record for the loudest stadium, with 137.5 decibels. That record would be broken by the Seattle Seahawks fans at CenturyLink Field on December 2, 2013, at a home game against the New Orleans Saints, with a roar of 137.5 decibels. A few weeks after, Seattle re-gained the record by reaching a noise level of 137.6 decibels.
Arrowhead Stadium has hosted five Big 12 Conference football championship games: Kansas State versus Oklahoma in 2000 and 2003, Colorado versus Oklahoma in 2004, Nebraska versus Oklahoma on December 2, 2006, and Missouri versus Oklahoma in 2008.
The stadium also played host to the annual Fall Classic at Arrowhead, a Division II game that featured Northwest Missouri State University and Pittsburg State University. The 2004 game featured No. 1 Pittsburg State defeating No. 2 Northwest Missouri State in the only Division II game to feature the nation's top two teams playing in the regular season finale.
On April 4, 2006, Jackson County voters approved a tax increase to finance municipal bonds to pay for $850 million in renovations to Arrowhead and nearby Kauffman Stadium. Before the bond election, the NFL awarded the 49th Super Bowl in 2015 to Kansas City provided it have a climate controlled stadium. With the passing of the stadium bill, the Chiefs signed a new lease which ensures that the team will remain at Arrowhead until at least 2031.
On August 15, 2007, the Chiefs announced final plans for the renovated Arrowhead Stadium, which would cost $375 million. The cost to the city was reduced by $50 million thanks to an additional payment by the Hunt family, which originally had intended to donate just $75 million. The renovated stadium features the Chiefs Hall of Honor, currently known as the Chiefs Hall of Fame; a tribute to Lamar Hunt; and "horizon level" seating in which luxury suite owners are now sitting outdoors.
Reconstruction for the stadiums started on October 3, 2007. Refurbishment of nearby Kauffman Stadium, home to the Kansas City Royals baseball team, commenced at that time, and both stadiums were ready for play by the 2010 season.
From 1960 to 2008, the TD Pack Band was a mainstay at every Chiefs home game. The band was founded by trumpeter Tony DiPardo. The band was previously known as The Zing Band while the Chiefs played at Municipal Stadium. DiPardo, nicknamed "Mr. Music", was born in St. Louis, Missouri on August 15, 1912. DiPardo has written songs about the team such as "The Chiefs are on the Warpath" and "The Hank Stram Polka". DiPardo earned a Super Bowl ring for the Chiefs' victory in Super Bowl IV.
References and notes
- Kansas City Chiefs - Arrowhead
- Felser, Larry (September 21, 1997). "Chiefs Master the Art of Marketing in a Small Market". The Buffalo News. Retrieved October 22, 2011.
- Covitz, Randy (September 8, 1995). "Chiefs Make KC's Pitch for Big 12 Football Title Game Arrowhead is Biggest of Four Stadiums in the Running Get Event". The Kansas City Star. Retrieved October 22, 2011.
- Rogers, Thomas (December 13, 1976). "Colts Rout Bills, 58-20, for Title; Steelers Playoff Foe". The New York Times. Retrieved October 22, 2011.
- "Truman Sports Complex Renovation Newsletter". Jackson County Sports Complex Authority. Jackson County Sports Complex Authority. January 2010.
- Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2014. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
- Everly, Steve (January 13, 1991). "Engineering Firm's Founder Has Retired". The Kansas City Star. Retrieved May 7, 2012.
- "Stadium History". Team History. Chiefs War Path. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- Welcome to Arrowhead - Volume 1 on YouTube
- Welcome to Arrowhead - Thanksgiving on YouTube
- "T-Bones Welcome Major League Soccer to CommunityAmerica Ballpark". tbonesbaseball.com. Kansas City T-Bones. Retrieved 19 April 2013.
- "Missouri Beats Kansas". Associated Press. November 24, 2007. Retrieved November 25, 2007.[dead link]
- "Kansas City Chiefs Contract with Daktronics for HD Video Displays".
- "Chiefs Ready for Playoff Nemesis Indianapolis". The Topeka Capital-Journal. 2004.
- Kuhla, Andrew. "Arrowhead Sets World Record For Loudest Stadium". Fansided. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
- Seahawks take back the Guinness World Record for crowd noise at 137.6 decibels although it must be noted [[Century Link Field is not a fully open stadium. | Shutdown Corner - Yahoo Sports]
- "Cyclone Football Team to Play in Kansas City". cyclones.com. Iowa State University Athletic Deptartment. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
- No rolling roof, no Super Bowl at Arrowhead Associated Press. May 25, 2006.
- Chiefs unveil the new Arrowhead KCChiefs.com. August 25, 2007.[dead link]
- "Mr. Music is ailing". Kansas City Chiefs. March 19, 2008. Archived from the original on 10 January 2009. Retrieved December 31, 2008.[dead link]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Arrowhead Stadium.|
- Official Site
- Arrowhead stadium info on KCChiefs.com – Seating chart – Virtual Tour
- Stadiums of Pro Football: Arrowhead stadium
- Arrowhead Stadium Seating Chart
|Events and tenants|
|Home of the
Kansas City Chiefs
1972 – present
|Home of the
Kansas City Wizards
1996 – 2007
|Host of the
NFL Pro Bowl
Miami Orange Bowl
Camp Randall Stadium
|Host of the Drum Corps International World Championship
1988 – 1989