Monegros Desert

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Monegros Desert (Desierto de los Monegros)
Desert
Vista de los Monegros (Leciñena).jpg
Landscape of Monegros Desert
Official name: Desierto de los Monegros
Country Spain
State Aragon
Highest point
 - elevation 2,697 ft (822 m)
 - coordinates 41°38′00″N 00°11′00″W / 41.63333°N 0.18333°W / 41.63333; -0.18333
Biome Desert
Plant Shrub-steppe, Juniper, cereal
Animal Great Bustard
Little Bustard
Eurasian Stone-curlew
Map of Aragon (in red) within Spain
Monegros camp
Middle of Nowhere Monegros.jpg

The Monegros Desert or Desierto de los Monegros is a semidesert in Aragón, northeastern Spain, spanning the provinces of Zaragoza and Huesca. It is a semi arid zone prone to frequent droughts. It is noted for its annual electronic music festival held in mid-July, the Monegros Desert Festival.

Geography[edit]

Monegros Desert

The Monegros Desert spans the provinces of Zaragoza and Huesca in the region of Aragón, including the comarca of Monegros in Huesca.[1] Part of the desert lies in the Ebro Valley. The desert covers about 276,440 hectares (683,100 acres) and consists of 49 villages in 31 municipalities. The highest point of the Monegros Desert is Oscuro, at an altitude of 822 metres (2,697 ft).[2] Much of the landscape topography varies between 200 feet (61 m) and 300 feet (91 m) and is relatively flat semi-desert, with habitats of shrub-steppes prone to frequent droughts with high temperatures with hardly any rainfall (about 350 mm per year). Deserted farms and farm houses and juniperous woods are also seen in scattered locations.[3]

Flora and fauna[edit]

The environment requires plants that can endure salinity and dryness.[4] Though the natural habitat of the region included shrub-steppe and juniper, cereal grasses have become replacements.[3]

Lesser Kestrel frequent the area; they nest in caves spread across 250 square kilometres (97 sq mi) of the Monegros Desert.[3]

The area is protected as part of the Natura 2000 network.[5] Two LIFE projects co‑financed by the European Commission have targeted the Monegros area, at least partially.

The Monegros Desert contains the proposed Los Monegros Protected Area, an area of biological interest due to its high number of endemic species and new discoveries. There are over 5,400 species in the area, according to a 1999 survey.[6] However, the Government of Aragon has not decided to take measures to protect the area. Further research was performed in 2000, this time on the steppe elements of the Monegros biota.[7]

Conservation[edit]

Sketch of an Endangered species Great bustard

Conservation of the biodiversity in the steppe ecosystem of the Monegros of the Aragon region envisages habitat improvements for steppe birds and related plant life. Improvements in irrigation are planned. However the setting up of a casino may adversely affect conservation efforts.[8]

The Aragon Steppes are cited as the largest habitat for bird communities in Spain. Highly endangered are Great and Little Bustards, Eurasian Stone-curlew, Lesser Kestrel, Montagu's Harrier and Dupont's Lark, as these species are directly threatened by changes in the steppe ecosystem.[8] The endemic plant species, 45% of all plant species in Spain, are also under decline. A project supported by BirdLife International at the "Muelas del Jiloca" Special Protection Area has been launched to conserve the birds and plants.[8]

Economy[edit]

The area is sparsely populated. A large scale economic development called Gran Scala is projected in the region, with some 32 planned casinos, 70 hotels, 232 restaurants, 500 stores, a golf course, a race track and a bullring planned, despite the region suffering from water and oil issues.[9] The main roads of access are the N-II and AP-2, and it is also connected by rail.

Culture[edit]

It is noted for its Monegros Desert Festival, usually held in mid July,[10] attracting numerous Spaniards and internationally renowned DJs and bands and some 40,000 people to its electronic music performances annually.[11] Formerly called the "Groove Parade" after being founded in 1992, it is held at the Finca Les Peñetes, roughly 18 kilometres (11 mi) west of Fraga, not far from Bujaraloz.[12] It is held in a windowless graffiti filled hall called Flarida, with an area of some 3,000 square metres (32,000 sq ft).[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bell-Villada, Gene H. (1 January 2010). García Márquez: The Man and His Work. Univ of North Carolina Press. p. 152. ISBN 978-0-8078-3351-3. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  2. ^ Nikolaidis, Ioanis; Wu, Kui (8 September 2010). Ad-Hoc, Mobile and Wireless Networks: 9th International Conference, ADHOC-NOW 2010, Edmonton, AB, Canada, August 20-22, 2010, Proceedings. Springer. p. 194. ISBN 978-3-642-14784-5. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c Bird, David M.; Varland, Daniel E.; Negro, Juan José; Raptor Research Foundation (1996). Raptors in Human Landscapes: Adaptation to Built and Cultivated Environments. Academic Press. pp. 54–. ISBN 978-0-12-100130-8. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  4. ^ Mor, Josep Antoni Conesa I (1 January 2011). Las Saladas de Monegros y Su Entorno: Haabitats y Paisaje Vegetal. Consejo de Protección de la Naturaleza de Aragón. ISBN 978-84-89862-76-0. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  5. ^ http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=WQ&reference=E-2008-0254&language=BG
  6. ^ Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France. La Société. 2000. p. 402. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  7. ^ The Open Country. Biodiversity Conservation Center & Siberian Environmental Center. 2000. p. 54. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c Werge, Marinus J.A.; Staalduinen, Marja A. van (2012). Eurasian Steppes. Ecological Problems and Livelihoods in a Changing World. Plant and Vegetation 6. Springer. ISBN 9789400738867. Retrieved 29 November 2012. 
  9. ^ Schmid, Heiko; Sahr, Wolf-Dietrich; Urry, John (1 February 2011). Cities and Fascination: Beyond the Surplus of Meaning. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 217. ISBN 978-1-4094-1853-5. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  10. ^ Blánquez, Javier; Lafita, Juan (2007). Monegros Desert Festival 12: 15 de julio de 2006. Government of Aragón. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  11. ^ "Monegros Desert Festival". Monegros Desert Festival. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  12. ^ a b Simonis, Damien (1 March 2009). Spain 7. Lonely Planet. p. 441. ISBN 978-1-74179-000-9. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 

Coordinates: 41°38′N 0°11′W / 41.633°N 0.183°W / 41.633; -0.183