Monoskiing is a sport that uses a monoski. There are at least five types of monoski. One is used for waterskiing, while on snow, forms similar to this, skwal and teleboard, are used with feet in tandem formation (one ahead of the other), as opposed to ((Standup) Monoski) with feet side-by-side. Another form of monoski is used on snow mainly by people with limited use (or absence) of the lower extremities (Sit-Ski). Finally there is the monoboard (see below), a new experimental design that is used for the equivalent of mountain boarding.
With (Standup) snow monoskiing, standard ski bindings are used or alternatively non-releasing bindings like on snowboards and skwals. Unlike in snowboarding, ski poles are generally used when monoskiing.
With water monoskiing, as used in slalom water skiing, the feet are one in front of the other and pointing in the direction of the ski. A standard waterski binding is located for the front foot, while a small slipper type binding is located behind for the back foot.
Monoskiing was invented in the late 1950s by Dennis Phillips at Hyak, Washington using a single water ski and bear trap bindings. Surfer Mike Doyle promoted the monoski in the early 1970s, after which monoskiing's relative popularity slowly increased, but the interest eventually waned in favor of snowboarding. Monoskiing is still practiced by a reasonably large enthusiast community, especially in powder, where the wider waist of the monoski, compared to traditional skis, provides greater flotation.
- Adequate width
- Leaf spring system (Dynastar)
- Wavy edges (Lib Tech)
- Quad-flex (WMO)
- 5-interactive suspension (WMO)
The width makes lay down turns possible, the leaf spring system give a great pop and an amazingly consistent flex, the magne-traction makes the shifts of power from the tip and tail to under the center of the feet possible, the quad-flex makes the adjustments to any angle of the slope possible using the 4 edges, and the interactive suspension makes the creation of variable dampening response possible (i.e. a shock absorber).
- Alpine skiing
- Freestyle skiing
- Mogul Skiing