Freestyle skiing

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Freestyle skiing
Skijaguars1thb.jpg
Somersault jump in freestyle skiing
Highest governing body International Ski Federation
Presence
Olympic 1988 as demonstration event; regular competition since 1992

Freestyle skiing is a skiing discipline comprising aerials, moguls, cross, half-pipe and slopestyle as part of the winter olympics.

History[edit]

Aerial skiing was developed in about 1950 by Olympic gold medalist Stein Eriksen. The International Ski Federation (FIS) recognized freestyle as a sport in 1979 and brought in new regulations regarding certification of athletes and jump techniques in an effort to curb the dangerous elements of the competitions. The first World Cup series was staged in 1980 and the first FIS Freestyle World Ski Championships took place in 1986 in Tignes, France. Freestyle skiing was a demonstration event at the 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary. Mogul skiing was added as an official medal event at the 1992 Winter Olympics in Albertville, and the aerials event was added for the 1994 Winter Olympics in Lillehammer.

Forms of freestyle skiing[edit]

Aerial skiing[edit]

Main article: Aerial skiing

Mogul skiing[edit]

Main article: Mogul skiing

Moguls are a series of bumps on a trail formed when skiers push the snow into mounds or piles as they execute short-radius turns.

Ski ballet[edit]

Main article: Ski ballet

Ski ballet (later renamed acroski) was a competitive discipline until the International Ski Federation ceased all formal competition of this event after 2000.

Ski cross[edit]

Main article: Ski cross

Ski cross is based on the snowboarding boardercross. Despite it being a timed racing event, it is often considered part of freestyle skiing because it incorporates terrain features traditionally found in freestyle.

Half-pipe skiing[edit]

Main article: Half-pipe skiing

Slopestyle[edit]

Main article: Slopestyle

Equipment[edit]

Twin-tip skis are used. Ski bindings took a major design change to include plate bindings mounted to the bottom of the skiers boot to allow for multi-directional release.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • wiki.fis-ski.com - The resource of information and knowledge on Freestyle Skiing, Ski Jumping, FIS World Ski Championships, FIS Leaders Seminar, FIS Ladies Seminar
  • fisfreestyle.com FIS Freestyle News, Calendar, Rules and Results
  • www.freestyleski.com - The official site of the Canadian Freestyle Ski Association. Your source for moguls, aerials, halfpipe and slopestyle skiing in Canada.
  • History of Freestyle - The history of freestyle skiing.
  • Freestyle Ski Disciplines - Freestyle skiing disciplines explained.
  • Digital Freestyle Skiing Digital Media Thesis project for Masters, multiple freestyle skiing videos of competitions from 1980's-2000's - moguls, aerials, ballet
  • www.mogulskiing.net – Mogul skiing's online home. Technique guide, misconceptions debunked, tips from pros, photos, video, equipment reviews, mogul-specific ski area reviews, news, forums and discussion group, US Freestyle Team info, etc.
  • Mogul skiing tutorials & videos