Montgomery Ward Company Complex
Montgomery Ward Company Complex
view from across the Chicago River
|Architect||Schmidt, Garden and Martin|
|NRHP Reference #||78001125 |
|Added to NRHP||June 2, 1978|
|Designated NHL||June 2, 1978|
|Designated CL||May 17, 2000 (Catalog House only)|
The Montgomery Ward Company Complex is the former national headquarters of Montgomery Ward, the United States' oldest mail order firm. The property is located along the North Branch of the Chicago River at 618 W. Chicago Avenue in Near North Side, Chicago, Illinois. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places and as a National Historic Landmark on June 2, 1978.
The two earliest buildings in the complex, the old Administration Building and the Mail Order House, are constructed of reinforced concrete and were designed by Richard E. Schmidt  and Hugh Garden, members of the architectural firm of Schmidt, Garden and Martin.
The 400,000-square-foot (37,000 m2), eight-story Administration Building served as the company's headquarters until 1974, and features sword and torch motifs on the base and vertical piers that rise uninterrupted, culminating in a parapet with motifs similar to the base. A four-story tower was added in 1929 on the northeast corner of the building, with a pyramid roof crowned with a 22.5-foot (6.9 m) bronze statue that originally topped the former Montgomery Ward Building on Michigan Avenue. An adaption of an earlier sculpture by Augustus Saint-Gaudens that had topped both Madison Square Garden in New York and the Agriculture Building at the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, the statue is called The Spirit of Progress, and depicts the goddess Diana, dressed in flowing robes, balancing on a globe, and holding a torch in her right hand and a caduceus in her left hand.
Forty feet north of the Administration Building is the 2,000,000-square-foot (190,000 m2) Mail Order House, also known as the Catalog House, that was the heart of Montgomery Ward's operations. Completed in 1908, the eight-story building was painted white and capped with a flat roof, with an interior that contained miles of chutes, conveyors, and storage lofts within ceiling heights ranging from 12 to 17 feet (5.2 m). The west facade, following a bend in the river, is almost 1,100 feet (340 m) long and a single floor covers 6 acres (24,000 m2). At one time the building had its own post office branch and a ground-floor shipping platform that could accommodate 24 railroad freight cars. The Catalog House was designated a Chicago Landmark on May 17, 2000.
In later years, Montgomery Ward and Company added several warehouses and parking structures, followed by a 26-story office building in 1972, designed by architect Minoru Yamasaki, who also designed the former World Trade Center towers in New York City.
After the bankruptcy of Montgomery Ward in 2001, the earliest buildings were converted into upscale condominiums. The project met the Secretary of the Interior's Standards[clarification needed] with the exception of the balconies. In 2004, the office tower also was converted to condominiums, now called The Montgomery.
The Mail Order House building is now home to restaurants Japonais and Snarf's, the Big Ten Network, Wrigley, David Barton Gym, Allyu Spa, Groupon, Kingsbury Yacht Club boat slips, InnerWorkings, Dyson Inc., and 298 luxury condominiums. Bankers Life & Casualty's Chicago offices were also located here for several years, until Groupon's expansion led Bankers to move in late 2011.
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- "Montgomery Ward Company Complex". National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-05-10.
- Condit, Carl W., ‘’The Chicago School of Architecture: A History of Commercial and Public Building in the Chicago Area 1875-1925’’,The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1964, c. 1952 p. 186-187
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- "National Historic Landmarks Program". Montgomery Ward Company Complex. National Park Service. 2007-07-20.
- LaMorte, Chris (2007-10-18). "Frites of strength - Brasserie Ruhlmann amps up the glam factor for Chicago steakhouses". RedEye. Newsbank. Retrieved 2009-01-15.
- Boak, Joshua (2008-04-16). "Prop shops' pivotal role - Proprietary trading firms, which deal in options and futures with their private funds, are relatively anonymous but influential". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. Retrieved 2009-01-15.
- Donahue, Wendy (2005-09-25). "A gym with a fireplace and street cred". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. Retrieved 2009-01-15.
- Lux, Thea (2011-01-18). "Behind the Deals: Groupon Headquarters". Retrieved 2011-05-25.
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