Moonrise, Hernandez, New Mexico
Moonrise, Hernandez, New Mexico is a photograph by Ansel Adams, taken late in the afternoon on November 1, 1941, from a shoulder of U.S. Route 84-285. The photograph became so popular and collectible that Adams personally made over 1,300 photographic prints of it during his long career.
The making of Moonrise
The making of Moonrise has attracted unusually strong interest. In 1941, Secretary of the Interior Harold Ickes hired Adams for six months to create photographs of lands under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Interior. Adams was accompanied by his young son Michael and his best friend Cedric Wright on a long road trip around the west. They came upon the scene while traveling through the Chama River valley toward Española in late afternoon on November 1; accounts of what transpired differ considerably.
The image appeared in U.S. Camera Annual 1943, and Adams gave this account:
- It was made after sundown, there was a twilight glow on the distant peaks and clouds. The average light values of the foreground were placed on the "U" of the Weston Master meter; apparently the values of the moon and distant peaks did not lie higher than the "A" of the meter. . . . Some may consider this photograph a "tour de force" but I think of it as a rather normal photograph of a typical New Mexican landscape. Twilight photography is unfortunately neglected; what may be drab and uninteresting by daylight may assume a magnificent quality in the halflight between sunset and dark.
Later accounts were considerably more dramatic. According to Mary Alinder, they encountered a "fantastic scene", a church and cemetery near Hernandez, New Mexico, and pulled to the side of the road. Adams recalled that he yelled at his son Michael and at Wright to "Get this! Get that, for God's sake! We don't have much time!" Desperate to capture the image in the fading light, they scrambled to set up the tripod and camera, knowing that only moments remained before the light was gone.
Adams gave a similar account in Examples
- I could not find my Weston exposure meter! The situation was desperate: the low sun was trailing the edge of clouds in the west, and shadow would soon dim the white crosses. . . . I suddenly realized that I knew the luminance of the moon—250 cd/ft2. Using the Exposure Formula, I placed this value on Zone VII. . . . Realizing as I released the shutter that I had an unusual photograph which deserved a duplicate negative, I quickly reversed the film holder, but as I pulled the darkslide, the sunlight passed from the white crosses; I was a few seconds too late! The lone negative suddenly became precious.
Adams was notorious for neglecting to record exact dates for his images. Moonrise had been variously listed as having been made in 1940, 1941, 1942, and 1944; attempts were made to determine the date using astronomical calculations based on the Moon's position in the image. David Elmore of the High Altitude Observatory in Boulder, Colorado, concluded that Moonrise was taken on October 31, 1941, at 4:03 p.m. Adams used this date in several publications, including Examples, though the time was given as 4:05 p.m. rather than 4:03 p.m. Dennis di Cicco of Sky & Telescope magazine noticed that the Moon's position at the time Elmore had determined did not match the Moon's position in the image, and after an independent analysis, determined the time to be 4:49:20 p.m. on November 1, 1941. He reviewed his results with Elmore, who agreed with di Cicco's conclusions.
- Szasz, Ferenc (2006). Larger than life: New Mexico in the twentieth century. UNM Press. p. 75. ISBN 0-8263-3883-6.
- Alinder, Mary (1998). Ansel Adams: A Biography. Macmillan. p. 185. ISBN 0-8050-5835-4.
- Alinder, Mary Street (1998). Ansel Adams: A Biography. New York: Macmillan. pp. 45–46, 55–57, 62, 92, 99, 102, 112, 125, 188–191, 252, 354. ISBN 978-0-8050-5835-2.
- "Ansel Adams". Art Market Watch. artnet. October 27, 2006.
- "Adams, Samaras set records at NYC Polaroid auction". Bloomberg Businessweek. Associated Press. June 22, 2010. Retrieved July 31, 2011.
- Janson, Horst Woldemar; Anthony F. Janson (2003). History of art: the Western tradition. Prentice Hall PTR. ISBN 978-0-13-182895-7.
- Maloney, T.J. (1942). U.S. Camera 1943 annual. New York: Duell, Sloan & Pearce. p. 89.
- Adams, Ansel; Mary Street Alinder (1996). Ansel Adams, an autobiography. New York: Little, Brown. pp. 27–31, 59, 81, 113–114, 118, 230–233. ISBN 978-0-8212-2241-6.
- Adams, Ansel (1983). Examples: the Making of 40 Photographs. Boston: Little, Brown and Company. pp. 41–43. ISBN 0-8212-1750-X.
- Callahan, Sean. "Short Takes: Countdown to Moonrise". American Photographer (January 1981): 30–31.
- di Cicco, Dennis. "Dating Ansel Adams' Moonrise". Sky & Telescope (November 1991): 529–33.
- THE MARKET FOR ANSEL ADAMS AND MOONRISE, HERNANDEZ, NEW MEXICO
- George Eastman House - Moonrise, Hernandez, New Mexico: Bibliographic references and exhibition history
- Moonrise, Hernandez, New Mexico at New Mexico Museum of Art