Mary Hunter Austin
Mary Hunter Austin (September 9, 1868 – August 13, 1934) was an American writer. One of the early nature writers of the American Southwest, her classic The Land of Little Rain (1903) describes the fauna, flora and people – as well as evoking the mysticism and spirituality – of the region between the High Sierra and the Mojave Desert of southern California.
Mary Hunter Austin was born on September 9, 1868 in Carlinville, Illinois (the fourth of six children) to George and Susannah (Graham) Hunter. She graduated from Blackburn College in 1888. Her family moved to California in the same year and established a homestead in the San Joaquin Valley. Mary married Stafford Wallace Austin on May 18, 1891 in Bakersfield, California. He was from Hawaii and a graduate of the University of California, Berkeley.
For 17 years Austin made a special study of Indian life in the Mojave Desert, and her publications set forth the intimate knowledge she thus acquired. She was a prolific novelist, poet, critic, and playwright, as well as an early feminist and defender of Native American and Spanish-American rights. She is best known for her tribute to the deserts of California, The Land of Little Rain (1903). Her play, The Arrow Maker, dealing with Indian life, was produced at the New Theatre, (New York) in 1911, the same year she published a rhapsodic tribute to her acquaintance H.G. Wells as a producer of "informing, vitalizing, indispensable books" in the American Magazine.
Austin and her husband were involved in the local California Water Wars, in which the water of Owens Valley was eventually drained to supply Los Angeles. When their battle was lost, he moved to Death Valley, California, and she moved to Carmel, California. There she was part of a social circle that included Jack London, Ambrose Bierce, and George Sterling and was one of the founders of the Forest Theater.
In 1929, while living in New Mexico, Austin co-authored a book with photographer Ansel Adams. Published a year later, the book, Taos Pueblo, was printed in a limited edition of only 108 copies. It is now quite rare because it included actual photographs made by Adams rather than reproductions.
Austin died August 13, 1934 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Mount Mary Austin, in the Sierra Nevada, was named in her honor. It is located 8.5 miles west of her longtime home in Independence, California. A biography was published in 1939.
- A 1950 edition of The Land of Little Rain and a 1977 edition of Taos Pueblo each included photographs by Ansel Adams.
- The Austins' home in Independence, California is now a historical landmark. It was designed and built by the couple.
- A teleplay of The Land of Little Rain was written by Doris Baizley and presented on American Playhouse in 1989. It starred Helen Hunt.
- The Land of Little Rain (1903), an account of the California Desert. 1512203 full-text edition (Google Books)
- The Basket Woman (1904), a book of Indian myths and fanciful tales for children. 2555698
- Isidro (book) (1905), a romance of Mission days. 3717385
- The Flock (1906), an account of the shepherd industry of California. 2555575
- Santa Lucia (1908), a novel. 1512269
- Lost Borders, the people of the desert (1909). 814150
- The Arrow Maker - A Drama in Three Acts (1911). 4451334
- A Woman of Genius (1912). 8017340
- Fire: a drama in three acts (1914)
- The Ford (1917). 45843360
- The Trail Book (1918). 986472
- The Young Woman Citizen (1918). 2065042
- No. 26 Jayne Street (1920). 10214415
- The American Rhythm (1923). 1511998
- The Land of Journeys' Ending (1924). 1079532
- Everyman's Genius (1925). 1512126
- Lands of the Sun (1927). 1260910
- Taos Pueblo (1930). 3244279
- Experiences Facing Death (1931). 1196907
- Starry Adventure (1931). 985871
- Earth Horizon (1932), autobiography. 283674
- Can Prayer Be Answered? (1934). 1512050
- One-Smoke Stories (1934). 3740559
- One Hundred Miles on Horseback (1887, 1963) (first published essay 1887, re-published posthumously). 5176720
- Cactus Thorn (1927, 1988) (written ca. 1927, the novella was published posthumously). 17767275
- Hammond, Ann (2002). Ansel Adams: Devine Performance. New Haven: Yale University Press. pp. 20–22. ISBN 0-300-09241-5.
- "Mount Mary Austin". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey.
- Helen McKnight Doyle, Mary Austin: Woman of Genius (New York: Gotham House, 1939).
- "Fire: a drama in three acts". Playbook 2 (5–7). Oct–Dec 1914.OCLC 17287569 and 593527817
- Performed as an outdoor pageant at Tahquitz Canyon, Palm Springs, California in 1921. Culver, Lawrence (2010 & 2012). The Frontier of Leisure: Southern California and the Shaping of Modern America. Oxford University Press. p. 162. ISBN 978-0199891924. OCLC 464581464 and 811404022
- Hoffman, Abraham, “Mary Austin, Stafford Austin, and the Owens Valley,” Journal of the Southwest, 53 (Autumn–Winter 2011), 305–22.
- Witschi, N.S. (2002). Traces of Gold: California’s Natural Resources and the Claim to Realism in Western American Literature. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press. ISBN 0-8173-1117-3.
- Works by Mary Austin at Project Gutenberg
- Works by Mary Hunter Austin at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
- The Austins' house, now California Historical Landmark 229
- Mary Austin page, with links to works and reviews.
- Mary Austin at Find a Grave
- The Land of Little Rain at the Library of Congress (scanned images and text)
- Works by or about Mary Hunter Austin in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Mary Hunter Austin Collection at the Autry National Center
- Eleven short readings from Austin's work at California Legacy Project.