Mt. Angel, Oregon

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Mt. Angel, Oregon
OR Mt Angel CharlesSt.jpg
Nickname(s): City of Bells
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 45°4′8″N 122°47′49″W / 45.06889°N 122.79694°W / 45.06889; -122.79694Coordinates: 45°4′8″N 122°47′49″W / 45.06889°N 122.79694°W / 45.06889; -122.79694
County Marion County
Incorporated 1893
Government
 • Mayor Andrew Otte
 • City Administrator Eileen Stein
Area[1]
 • Total 2.95 km2 (1.14 sq mi)
 • Land 2.95 km2 (1.14 sq mi)
 • Water 0 km2 (0 sq mi)
Elevation 51.2 m (168 ft)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 3,286
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 3,399
 • Density 1,112.9/km2 (2,882.5/sq mi)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
Website www.ci.mt-angel.or.us

Mt. Angel is a city in Marion County, Oregon, United States. It is 18 miles (29 km) northeast of Salem, Oregon on Oregon Route 214. The population was 3,286 at the 2010 census. Mt. Angel is part of the Salem Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

St. Mary's Catholic Church

Mt. Angel was originally settled in 1850 by Benjamin Cleaver, who later planned a townsite which he named Roy. In 1881, a railroad station was established and named Fillmore after a railroad official. The following year, a post office with the name of Roy was established, but neither name was to last.

Rev. Fr. Adelheim Odermatt, O.S.B., came to Oregon in 1881 with a contingent of Benedictine monks from Engelberg, Switzerland, in order to establish a new American daughter house. After visiting several locations, he found Lone Butte to be the ideal location for a new abbey, and shortly afterwards ministered to several local Roman Catholic parishes, about the same time large numbers of immigrants from Bavaria settled in the area. Due to his efforts, the city, post office and the nearby elevation Lone Butte came to be known as Mount Angel (an English translation of Engelberg) in 1883. He also established Mount Angel Abbey, a Benedictine monastery and school, which was moved permanently to Mt. Angel in 1884.

The city of Mt. Angel was incorporated April 3, 1893. The post office of Saint Benedict, Oregon was established at the Abbey.

Mount Angel Abbey is still located on Mount Angel. The original Kalapuyan name of the butte is Tapalamaho, which translates to "Mount of Communion." At the request of the Archbishop of Oregon City, the abbey opened Mount Angel Seminary in 1889 for the training of priests. The original wooden buildings at the foot of the butte were destroyed in a fire in the 1890s, and another disastrous fire in 1926 consumed the second monastery, an imposing five-story edifice of black basalt at the top of the butte. The current monastery building was completed in 1928, and subsequent structures followed, including a library built by Finnish architect Alvar Aalto in 1970. A bell tower was added to the abbey church in 2007 which contains eight bells, one of which is the largest swinging bell in the Pacific Northwest.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.14 square miles (2.95 km2), all of it land.[1]

Mt. Angel is in the Pudding River watershed.

Demographics[edit]

Mt. Angel railway depot

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 3,286 people, 1,205 households, and 707 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,882.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,112.9 /km2). There were 1,282 housing units at an average density of 1,124.6 per square mile (434.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 82.6% White, 0.5% African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 12.1% from other races, and 3.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 26.1% of the population.

There were 1,205 households of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.4% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.3% were non-families. 37.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 27.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.44.

The median age in the city was 37.1 years. 27% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.7% were from 25 to 44; 20% were from 45 to 64; and 20.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 3,121 people, 1,059 households, and 661 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,264.3 people per square mile (1,255.2/km²). There were 1,124 housing units at an average density of 1,175.6 per square mile (452.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.65% White, 0.45% African American, 0.93% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 17.85% from other races, and 4.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27.84% of the population.

There were 1,059 households out of which 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.0% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.5% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.54.

In the city the population was spread out with 30.2% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 17.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,293, and the median income for a family was $45,650. Males had a median income of $33,523 versus $21,442 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,535. About 10.3% of families and 16.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.6% of those under age 18 and 20.2% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

As of 2000, the five largest employers in Mt. Angel were Wilco, Providence Benedictine Nursing Center,[5] Mt. Angel Towers, Highland Laboratories, and the Mt. Angel School District.[6]

Arts and culture[edit]

Dancing children fountain in central crossroad of Mt. Angel. Former Wilco grain elevator in the background.

Annual cultural events[edit]

Mt. Angel is well-known locally for its annual Oktoberfest. The Mt. Angel Oktoberfest is one of the largest of its kind in the U.S.[citation needed] The festival can attract upwards of 350,000 people and includes beer and wine gardens, softball tournaments at Ebner Ball Park, a local football game and volleyball invitational tournament, carnival rides, crafts, a wide assortment of German food, and a two-day car show.

Museums and other points of interest[edit]

Mt. Angel is also home to the historic Queen of Angels Monastery, run by the Benedictine Sisters of Mt. Angel,[7] and the 1912 Saint Mary Catholic Church, both of which are listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). Windischar's General Blacksmith Shop is another NRHP-listed structure in the city.

In March 2006, the city announced plans to build a 49 foot (15 m) glockenspiel.[8] Completed in time for Oktoberfest 2006, the glockenspiel is the largest in the United States. Located on the corner of Charles and Garfield streets, the four-story-tall glockenspiel is part of the Edelweiss Village Building.

Education[edit]

Jose Romero, co-founder of Colegio Cesar Chavez, standing near the college's sign.

Mt. Angel is served by the three-school Mt. Angel School District, which includes John F. Kennedy High School.

Colegio César Chávez was a college-without-walls program that existed in Mt. Angel from 1973 until 1983. At the time, Colegio was the only four-year Latino college in the country. The college was supported by Chicano activist Cesar Chavez, who himself visited the college on two occasions. [9] In 1978, the college graduated more Mexican American students than Oregon State University and University of Oregon combined. Cipriano Ferrel, who would later found the Oregon farmworker's union Pineros y Campesinos Unidos del Noroeste, graduated from Colegio Cesar Chavez. In the mid-1980s, the former Colegio grounds and building were purchased by a private buyer and donated to the Benedictine sisters. The Benedictine sisters now operate St. Joseph Shelter in the former Colegio building and dorms. [10]

Media[edit]

Mt. Angel is served by the weekly Silverton Appeal Tribune newspaper, which is published on Wednesdays by the Statesman Journal,[11] the monthly Our Town and Our Town Life,[12] and by the Woodburn Independent.[citation needed]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Highway

Mt. Angel is on Oregon Route 214; Interstate 5, 10 miles to the west, is the closest major highway.

Rail

The Willamette Valley Railway serves Mt. Angel.

Air

The closest airport is McNary Field in Salem.

Utilities[edit]

Water and wastewater treatment are provided by the City of Mt. Angel.[6] Natural gas is provided by NW Natural and electricity is provided by Portland General Electric.[6]

Healthcare[edit]

The closest hospital is Silverton Hospital, four miles away in Silverton.[6]

Climate[edit]

This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Mt. Angel has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.[13]

References[edit]

External links[edit]