Mt. Angel, Oregon
|Mt. Angel, Oregon|
|Nickname(s): City of Bells|
Location in Oregon
|• Mayor||Andrew Otte|
|• City Administrator||Eileen Stein|
|• Total||2.95 km2 (1.14 sq mi)|
|• Land||2.95 km2 (1.14 sq mi)|
|• Water||0 km2 (0 sq mi)|
|Elevation||51.2 m (168 ft)|
|• Estimate (2012)||3,399|
|• Density||1,112.9/km2 (2,882.5/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||Pacific (UTC-7)|
Mt. Angel is a city in Marion County, Oregon, United States. It is 18 miles (29 km) northeast of Salem, Oregon, on Oregon Route 214. The population was 3,286 at the 2010 census. Mt. Angel is part of the Salem Metropolitan Statistical Area.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Arts and culture
- 6 Education
- 7 Media
- 8 Infrastructure
- 9 In popular culture
- 10 References
- 11 External links
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (November 2006)|
Mt. Angel was originally settled in 1850 by Benjamin Cleaver, who later planned a townsite which he named Roy. In 1881, a railroad station was established and named Fillmore after a railroad official. The following year, a post office with the name of Roy was established, but neither name was to last.
Rev. Fr. Adelheim Odermatt, O.S.B., came to Oregon in 1881 with a contingent of Benedictine monks from Engelberg, Switzerland, in order to establish a new American daughter house. After visiting several locations, he found Lone Butte to be the ideal location for a new abbey, and shortly afterwards ministered to several local Roman Catholic parishes, about the same time large numbers of immigrants from Bavaria settled in the area. Due to his efforts, the city, post office and the nearby elevation Lone Butte came to be known as Mount Angel (an English translation of Engelberg) in 1883. He also established Mount Angel Abbey, a Benedictine monastery and school, which was moved permanently to Mt. Angel in 1884.
The city of Mt. Angel was incorporated April 3, 1893. The post office of Saint Benedict, Oregon was established at the Abbey.
Mount Angel Abbey is still located on Mount Angel. The original Kalapuyan name of the butte is Tapalamaho, which translates to "Mount of Communion." At the request of the Archbishop of Oregon City, the abbey opened Mount Angel Seminary in 1889 for the training of priests. The original wooden buildings at the foot of the butte were destroyed in a fire in the 1890s, and another disastrous fire in 1926 consumed the second monastery, an imposing five-story edifice of black basalt at the top of the butte. The current monastery building was completed in 1928, and subsequent structures followed, including a library built by Finnish architect Alvar Aalto in 1970. A bell tower was added to the abbey church in 2007 which contains eight bells, one of which is the largest swinging bell in the Pacific Northwest.
Mt. Angel is in the Pudding River watershed.
This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F (22.0 °C). According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Mt. Angel has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.
As of the census of 2010, there were 3,286 people, 1,205 households, and 707 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,882.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,112.9/km2). There were 1,282 housing units at an average density of 1,124.6 per square mile (434.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 82.6% White, 0.5% African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 12.1% from other races, and 3.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 26.1% of the population.
There were 1,205 households of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.4% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.3% were non-families. 37.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 27.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.44.
The median age in the city was 37.1 years. 27% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.7% were from 25 to 44; 20% were from 45 to 64; and 20.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,121 people, 1,059 households, and 661 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,264.3 people per square mile (1,255.2/km²). There were 1,124 housing units at an average density of 1,175.6 per square mile (452.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.65% White, 0.45% African American, 0.93% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 17.85% from other races, and 4.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27.84% of the population.
There were 1,059 households out of which 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.0% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.5% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.54.
In the city, the population was spread out with 30.2% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 17.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $36,293, and the median income for a family was $45,650. Males had a median income of $33,523 versus $21,442 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,535. About 10.3% of families and 16.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.6% of those under age 18 and 20.2% of those age 65 or over.
Arts and culture
Annual cultural events
Mt. Angel is known for its annual Oktoberfest. The Mt. Angel Oktoberfest is the largest of its kind in the Pacific Northwest. Attendance grew from 39,000 in its first year, 1966, to 375,000 by the late 1980s. The Oktoberfest features beer and wine gardens, sports tournaments and races, arts and crafts exhibits, a farmers market, community dinners featuring sausage and sauerkraut, and a wide assortment food, games, and entertainment.
Museums and other points of interest
Mt. Angel is also home to the historic Queen of Angels Monastery, run by the Benedictine Sisters of Mt. Angel, and the 1912 Saint Mary Catholic Church, both of which are listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). Windischar's General Blacksmith Shop is another NRHP-listed structure in the city.
In March 2006, the city announced plans to build a 49-foot (15 m) glockenspiel. Completed in time for Oktoberfest 2006, the glockenspiel is the largest in the United States. Located on the corner of Charles and Garfield streets, the four-story-tall glockenspiel is part of the Edelweiss Village Building.
Mt. Angel is served by the three-school Mt. Angel School District, which includes John F. Kennedy High School.
Colegio César Chávez was a college-without-walls program that existed in Mt. Angel from 1973 until 1983. At the time, Colegio was the only four-year Latino college in the country. The college was supported by Chicano activist Cesar Chavez, who himself visited the college on two occasions. In 1978, the college graduated more Mexican American students than Oregon State University and University of Oregon combined. Cipriano Ferrel, who would later found the Oregon farmworker's union Pineros y Campesinos Unidos del Noroeste, graduated from Colegio Cesar Chavez. In the mid-1980s, the former Colegio grounds and building were purchased by a private buyer and donated to the Benedictine sisters. The Benedictine sisters now operate St. Joseph Shelter in the former Colegio building and dorms.
Mt. Angel is served by the weekly Silverton Appeal Tribune newspaper, which is published on Wednesdays by the Statesman Journal, the monthly Our Town and Our Town Life, and by the weekly Woodburn Independent.
The Willamette Valley Railway serves Mt. Angel.
The closest airport is McNary Field in Salem.
In popular culture
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-02.
- "Mt. Angel, Oregon". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. Retrieved 2015-04-07.
- Providence Benedictine Nursing Center
- Mt. Angel Community Profile from Oregon Economic & Community Development Department
- Hillegas, James V. "Mt. Angel Oktoberfest". The Oregon Encyclopedia. Portland State University and the Oregon Historical Society. Retrieved 2015-04-07.
- Benedictine Sisters of Mt. Angel
- Oral History Interview Regarding Colegio César Chávez
- Andrew Parodi and Karen Olivo Oral History Interview regarding Colegio Cesar Chavez
- About the Appeal Tribune[dead link]
- Our Town-Silverton, Mt. Angel, Scotts Mills
- "Contact Us". Woodburn Independent. Pamplin Media Group. 2015. Retrieved 2015-04-07.
- Deal, David. Television Fright Films of the 1970s. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2007. P. 89-90.
- Internet Movie Database
- City of Mt. Angel (official website)
- Listing for Mount Angel in the Oregon Blue Book
- "City of Mt. Angel". The Oregon Encyclopedia.
- Mt. Angel Chamber of Commerce
- Mt. Angel Oktoberfest