Mountain House, San Joaquin County, California
|• Type||Community Services District|
|• Senate||Tom Berryhill (14th Senate District)|
|• Assembly||Joan Buchanan (15th Assembly District)|
|• U. S. Congress||Jerry McNerney (D)|
|• Total||3.192 sq mi (8.268 km2)|
|• Land||3.192 sq mi (8.268 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||79 ft (24 m)|
|• Density||3,000/sq mi (1,200/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||2628761|
|U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Mountain House, San Joaquin County, California|
Mountain House is a census-designated place and planned community in San Joaquin County, California. An exburb of the San Francisco Bay Area, Mountain House is located 5 miles (8 km) from the City of Tracy near Interstate 205. In November 2008, the community appeared in nationwide news reports as having the highest percentage of negative equity in the U.S.—the most homes "under water", worth less than their mortgage. In 2012, in spite of a partially outdated land plan and a lack of retail and industrial centers, Mountain House is experiencing economic recovery.
Mountain House plan
Mountain House was projected to be a small full-fledged city developed over 30 year period by Trimark Communities. The community covers 4,784 acres (19.4 km2) in San Joaquin County. The town was planned for 12 distinct neighborhoods including 10 family neighborhoods and two age-restricted neighborhoods each organized around a center containing a neighborhood park, a K-8 school, and a small commercial area. Today’s Mountain House includes the established villages of Altamont, Bethany and Wicklund and the developing fourth village of Questa. At the end of 2012 approximately 3,500 homes were in Mountain House. Some 15,500 households or approximately 40,000 people are anticipated when Mountain House is fully completed. Construction at Mountain House began in 2001, but expansion stopped because of the Great Recession. Development accelerated through 2011 and 2012. Questa has six neighborhoods in various stages of completion, and three additional neighborhoods scheduled for 2013 openings. Also completed is Questa’s K-8 school and a village park. Expansion of existing neighborhoods is planned in the village of Altamont. Under construction is Mountain House High School, slated to open for the 2014-2015 academic year. All schools are part of Lammersville Unified School District.
- November 10, 1994 - Mountain House project approved by San Joaquin County Board of Supervisors
- May 14, 2001 - Trimark breaks ground on Mountain House project
- January 18, 2003 - First home foundation poured
- August 24, 2004 - Wicklund Elementary School opens
- November 6, 2007 - Mountain House votes to form independent Community Services District
- December 7, 2007 - Delta College site annexed to Mountain House CSD through a public-private partnership with Kamilos
- November 2008 – Noted for having the highest percentage of homes "under water" in the U.S.
- August 17, 2009 - Delta College Mountain House Campus opens for classes
- June 8, 2010 - Voters approve unification of Lammersville School District
- January 2011 - 15-year-old resident Thia Megia becomes youngest finalist ever on American Idol
- July 2012 – Mountain House High School breaks ground
- March 2013 — New development announced for Questa and Altamont
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP covers an area of 3.2 square miles (8.3 km²), all of it land.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Mountain House had a population of 9,675. The population density was 3,030.8 people per square mile (1,170.2/km²). The racial makeup of Mountain House was 3,467 (35.8%) White, 903 (9.3%) African American, 45 (0.5%) Native American, 3,830 (39.6%) Asian, 71 (0.7%) Pacific Islander, 663 (6.9%) from other races, and 696 (7.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,637 persons (16.9%).
The Census reported that 9,675 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.
There were 2,807 households, out of which 1,676 (59.7%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,985 (70.7%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 227 (8.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 151 (5.4%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 186 (6.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 31 (1.1%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 299 households (10.7%) were made up of individuals and 18 (0.6%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.45. There were 2,363 families (84.2% of all households); the average family size was 3.73.
The population was spread out with 3,351 people (34.6%) under the age of 18, 501 people (5.2%) aged 18 to 24, 3,780 people (39.1%) aged 25 to 44, 1,676 people (17.3%) aged 45 to 64, and 367 people (3.8%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31.4 years. For every 100 females there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.2 males.
There were 3,237 housing units at an average density of 1,014.0 per square mile (391.5/km²), of which 2,205 (78.6%) were owner-occupied, and 602 (21.4%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 4.9%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.6%. 7,444 people (76.9% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 2,231 people (23.1%) lived in rental housing units.
Mountain House Education
Students in Mountain House and Lammersville are served by Lammersville Joint Unified School District. Mountain House currently has three k-8 elementary schools, Wicklund, Bethany, and Questa. A fourth k-8 elementary school, Altamont, is under construction.
- Mountain House High School, a new 9-12 campus, is under construction. High school students are currently served by the Tracy Unified School District.
The Tracy Press is a weekly newspaper that covers both Tracy and Mountain House and has operated since the 19th century. The Stockton Record is a daily paper that covers the San Joaquin County area. Mountain House Matters is a monthly publication that is mailed to each household in Mountain House. It is a newspaper for and about Mountain House exclusively. Founded in September 2012 Mountain House Matters focuses on local activities and people.
The nearest railroad service is located in Tracy, California, operated by Altamont Commuter Express(ACE). Tri-Delta Transit provides bus service to Hacienda Business Park and the Dublin/Pleasanton BART station. An Intermodal train station, transit center and bus system are planned for Mountain House and would be built in future.
In November 2008, The New York Times reported that Mountain House was the "most underwater community in America,"—the zip code with the highest amount of negative equity on its homes. With home values decreasing across the nation, Mountain House was described as the worst-hit, with 90% of its homes worth less than the amount their owners owe in mortgages. The average homeowner in Mountain House was reported to be $122,000 in debt. Many local businesses in the 95391 zip code were closing because the homeowners were cutting back on their spending and could not support them.
CalPERS, an agency that manages pensions for California public employees, invested heavily in Mountain House beginning in 2005, purchasing approximately 9,000 residential lots from Shea Homes. By May 2010, the $1.12B investment by CalPERS had been reduced to 18% of that figure: $200M. Even though home values had dropped significantly, CalPERS determined that they would hold onto the investment, counting on a recovery of the housing market.
An up tick in economic performance at Mountain House was noted in September 2011 by Big Builder, a trade magazine of major land and housing development published by Hanley-Wood.
Acknowledging the New York Times 2008 article that branded Mountain House as the most underwater community in America, the article also chronicled a grass roots commitment by Mountain House residents to keep their neighborhoods looking well kept by mowing neglected lawns of homes in foreclosure, short sales or simply abandoned.
This community spirit helped persuade CalPERS to hold onto its Mountain House investment, despite the drawbacks of a 1994-vintage land plan, termed “out of synch with the realities of the post-housing crash world.” Helping to balance the challenges of the land plan was the level of established infrastructure and homebuyers motivated by affordable pricing, proximity to job centers and traditional neighborhoods.
In April of the following year, Big Builder again reported on the community, noting more robust first-quarter sales, new lot offers, and flexibility for semi-finished and raw land in terms of future development.
- U.S. Census
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Mountain House, San Joaquin County, California
- Caulfied, John (April 19, 2012). "Long Climb Pays Off for Builders at NoCal's Mountain House". Retrieved April 7, 2013.
- Brinkley, Leslie (August 5, 2004). "New Bay Area Suburb". Retrieved August 5, 2004. Unknown parameter
- Torres, Blanca (March 15, 2013). "Where Have Homes Sales Soared By 352% in Three Years?". Retrieved April 7, 2013.
- "Chapter 3: Land Use". Mountain House Master Plan. pp. 3.2 and 3.12. Retrieved April 7, 2013.
- "San Francisco Bay Area Buyers Spur New Homebuilding Activity at Mountain House" (Press release). Digital Journal. 12 March 2013. Retrieved 7 April 2013.
- All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
- Keith Reid, "Five elected in first race for Mountain House board", Stockton Record, November 05, 2008
- "Voters approve Lammersville school unification". Tracy press. Jun 08, 2010. Retrieved Jun 08, 2010.
- Young, Kevin (Feb 24, 2011). "Mountain House inches toward high school". Tracy press. Retrieved Feb 24, 2011.
- Lafferty, Justin (Aug 17, 2009). "Delta College in Mountain House". Tracy press. Retrieved August 17, 2009.
- "Mountain House commuters have transportation option", Stockton Record, 4 February 2006
- Todorov, Kerana (October 7, 2003). "Mountain House Public Transit". Tracy Press. Retrieved October 7, 2003.
- Streitfeld, David (November 10, 2008). "A Town Drowns in Debt as Home Values Plunge". The New York Times. Retrieved August 3, 2011.
- Kasler, Dale (May 6, 2010). "Fund Held Underwater: CalPERS to wait for Mountain House rebound: City hardest hit in nation by real estate slump". The Modesto Bee. Retrieved August 3, 2011.
- McManus, John; Yaussi, Sarah (September, 2011). "Mountain House?living proof that it's possible to rebuild the American Dream out of the stuff of nightmares.". Big Builder. Retrieved April 7, 2013.