Inex-Adria Aviopromet Flight 1308
||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (July 2009)|
YU-ANA, The aircraft involved in the accident, seen at Manchester Airport in September 1981.
|Date||December 1, 1981|
|Summary||CFIT due to ATC error and pilot error|
|Site||Mont San-Pietro, near Ajaccio, Corsica, France|
|Aircraft type||McDonnell Douglas MD-81|
|Flight origin||Brnik Airport|
|Destination||Ajaccio - Campo dell'Oro Airport|
Inex-Adria Aviopromet Flight 1308 was a McDonnell Douglas MD-81 aircraft operating a Yugoslavian charter flight to the French island of Corsica. On December 1, 1981, the flight crashed on Corsica's Mont San-Pietro, killing all 180 people on board. The crash was the deadliest and first major aviation accident involving a McDonnell Douglas MD-80, as well as the second-deadliest air disaster in France behind Turkish Airlines Flight 981.
Flight 1308 took off from Brnik Airport on a chartered flight from Slovenia (at the time Yugoslavia) to Corsica's capital city of Ajaccio with 173 Slovenian tourists and 7 crew members. The tourists were on a 1-day trip to Corsica. When the MD-81 reached the airspace around Ajaccio's Campo dell'Oro Airport, it entered a holding pattern, awaiting clearance to land. The atmosphere in the plane was relaxed, with everyone already thinking of the day of leisure awaiting them on Corsica. At some point, the co-pilot even let his young son enter the cockpit.
While in its holding pattern, the flight was instructed to descend through the minimum holding altitude of 6,800 feet. Weather was bad, visibility was close to zero and the aircraft was descending into the fog. As it descended, its Ground Proximity Warning System gave off several audio warnings, prompting the crew to increase the engine thrust. After some delay, the crew eventually did pull up. Their efforts, however, were in vain; one of the aircraft's wings collided with the summit of Mont San-Pietro and broke off. The aircraft then went into an uncontrolled dive and violently crashed on the other side of the mountain, killing everyone on board. The time of the accident was approximately 8 a.m. local time. Rescue operations were initially hampered by the fact that the air traffic control in Ajaccio wrongly believed the crash site to be located over sea.
The subsequent investigation into the disaster revealed that control mistakenly believed that Flight 1308 was out of holding pattern, believing the aircraft was already located over sea, while in reality it was located some 15 km (9 mi) inland, over mountainous terrain of Corsica. The crew, apparently surprised at the instruction to descend, repeated several times that they were still in the holding pattern, which the control acknowledged. The crew was unfamiliar with the airport and its vicinity, as this was the first flight of Inex-Adria Aviopromet to the island of Corsica. The investigation determined that the imprecise language used by the crew of the MD-81 and the air traffic controller played a significant role in the accident. Air traffic control in Ajaccio was cleared of all charges. The air traffic controller in charge of Flight 1308 was transferred to another airport in France.
At the time of the accident, the Ajaccio airport had no radar. As a direct result of the accident, the equipment was upgraded and the approach pattern changed.
Clean-up operation in 2008
Some debris and human bodies were removed from the crash site after the accident in 1981. In 2007, POP TV (a TV station in Slovenia) did a news report on the accident. They visited the crash site in Corsica and found many of the airplane's parts still scattered on Mont San-Pietro, in rugged and inaccessible terrain. Subsequently, the Government of the Republic of Slovenia, Adria Airways and Kompas (the Slovenian travel agency that organized the fatal trip in 1981) organized and funded a clean-up operation. A Slovenian team of about 60 soldiers, mountain rescuers, civil protection and rescue service members, medical personnel, and other volunteers removed about 27 tons of aircraft remains in May 2008. The removed debris included one aircraft engine and large wing parts. Some of the parts were so large they needed to be machine cut before transporting them from the mountain by a helicopter. Several portions of human remains were also found, and were either sent for further identification tests, or were properly disposed. A commemorative plaque was installed at the site of the initial wing impact.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Inex-Adria Aviopromet Flight 1308.|
- (French) Final report (Archive)
- AirDisaster.Com – Crash photo of Flight 1308
- Aviation Safety Network – Picture of the MD-81 that would become Flight 1308
- 24ur.Com – Videos of the crash of Flight 1308