Muhammad Ali Shah

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For other people named Muhammad Ali, see Muhammad Ali (disambiguation).
Muhammad Ali Shah
King of Oudh
अवध ध्वज.gif 3rd King of Oudh
Reign 7 July 1837 – 7 May 1842
Coronation 8 July 1837, Farhat Bakhsh Palace, Lucknow
Predecessor Nasir-ud-Din Haidar Shah
Successor Amjad Ali Shah
Full name
Abul Fateh Moinuddin Muhammad Ali Shah
House Nishapuri
Dynasty Oudh
Father Saadat Ali Khan II
Born 1777
Died 7 May 1842
Farhat Bakhsh Palace, Lucknow
Burial Husainabad (Chhota) Imambara, Lucknow
Religion Shia Islam

Muhammad Ali Shah (Hindi: मुहम्मद अली शाह, Urdu: محمّد علی شاہ‎) (Urdu:محمّد علی شاہ) (b. c. 1777 – d. 7 May 1842) was the third King of Oudh from 7 July 1837 to 7 May 1842.[1][2]


Muhammad Ali Shah was son of Saadat Ali Khan II, brother of Ghazi-ud-Din Haidar Shah and uncle of Nasir-ud-Din Haidar Shah.[2]


The crown of Muhammed Ali Shah Bahadur, kept in Chhota Imambara

Nasir-ud-din Haidar died without an offspring and Ghazi-ud-din Haidar's queen 'Padshah Begum' put forward Munna Jan, as a claimant to the throne though both Ghazi-ud- din Haidar and Nasir-ud-din Haidar had refused to acknowledge him as belonging to the royal family. The begum forcibly enthroned Munna Jan at Lal Baradari. The British Raj intervened and exploited the situation to their interest. There was first battle between Oudh and British forces. They arrested both the begum and Munna Jan and arranged for the accession of late Nawab Saadat Ali Khan's son, Nasir-ud-daula, under title of 'Muhammad Ali Shah', after getting a written assurance that he will accept any new treaty put up by Governor General. He promised to pay a large sum of money to the British for this.[2][3]


Muhammad Ali Shah was 63 years of age when he ascended the throne. But he was an experienced man and had seen the glorious days of his father. He started to economise and set right the administration.[4] His administrative, financial and defence powers were reduced very much.[2]

Construction work[edit]

Chhota Imambara in Lucknow

He built the Husainabad (Chhota) Imambara in 1838 and created Huseinabad Endowment Fund (now Husainabad Trust) to support it.[5]

He also built Husainabad Picture Gallery which is adjacent to the Clock Tower, this Gallery contains the life-size portraits of the Nawabs of Oudh.[6]

He also started to build an edifice similar to Babylon's minaret or floating garden and named it Satkhanda, but it reached only its fifth storey in 1842 when he died.[4]

Construction of great Jama Masjid situated to west of the Hussainabad Imambara was also started by him but completed after his death.[7]

Nawab Mohammad Ali Shah of Oudh also built the Shrine of Hurr at Karbala.[8]


He died on 7 May 1842 AD.[9][10]


Preceded by
Naser ad-Din Haydar Solayman Jah Shah
Padshah-e-Oudh, Shah-e Zaman
7 Jul 1837 – 7 May 1842
Succeeded by
Naser ad-Dowla Amjad 'Ali Thorayya Jah Shah



External links[edit]