Myra Breckinridge (film)
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Michael Sarne|
|Produced by||David Giler
|Written by||Michael Sarne
|Based on||Myra Breckinridge
by Gore Vidal
and Rex Reed
|Music by||John Phillips|
|Editing by||Danford B. Greene|
|Distributed by||20th Century Fox|
|Running time||94 minutes|
|Box office||$4 million (US/ Canada)|
Myra Breckinridge is a 1970 American comedy film based on Gore Vidal's 1968 novel of the same name, the film was directed by Michael Sarne, with Raquel Welch in the title role. It also starred John Huston as Buck Loner, Mae West as Leticia Van Allen, Farrah Fawcett, Rex Reed, Roger Herren, and Roger C. Carmel. Tom Selleck made his film debut in a small role as one of Leticia's "studs". Theadora Van Runkle was costume designer for the film, but Edith Head designed West's costumes.
Like the novel, the picture was controversial for its sexual explicitness (including acts like pegging), but unlike the novel, Myra Breckinridge received little to no critical praise and has been cited as one of the worst films ever made.
- Raquel Welch as Myra Breckinridge
- Mae West as Leticia Van Allen
- John Huston as Buck Loner
- Farrah Fawcett as Mary Ann Pringle
- Rex Reed as Myron Breckinridge
- Roger Herren as Rusty Godowski
- Roger C. Carmel as Dr. Randolph Spencer Montag
- George Furth as Charlie Flager, Jr.
- Calvin Lockhart as Irving Amadeus
- Jim Backus as Doctor
- John Carradine as Surgeon
- Andy Devine as Coyote Bill
- Grady Sutton as Kid Barlow
- Robert Lieb as Charlie Flager, Sr.
- Kathleen Freeman as Bobby Dean Loner
- Monte Landis as Vince
- Tom Selleck as Stud
- Toni Basil as Cigarette Girl
- Dan Hedaya as Hospital Ward Patient
- William Hopper as Judge Frederic D. Cannon
Filming was also laden with controversy, due to Michael Sarne being granted complete control over the project. Sarne quickly went over-budget due to his unorthodox techniques, which included spending up to seven hours at a time by himself, "thinking," leaving the cast to wait around on set for him to return so that filming could commence. Additionally, Sarne spent several days filming tables of food, for a dream sequence which, in addition to being non-essential to the plot, appears in the film for only a few seconds.
There were also reports of conflicts between Raquel Welch and Mae West, who came out of retirement to play the Leticia character. Furthermore, some actors from 1940s and 1950s films that were used were upset that footage from their old films were inserted into the movie to punctuate some of the jokes as well as in the film's climactic rape sequence. After the film was previewed in San Francisco, the White House demanded that footage from the 1937 film Heidi, featuring Shirley Temple be removed due to Temple's role as United States ambassador. Loretta Young also successfully sued to have footage of herself removed from the film.
Myra Breckinridge was one of two films with an X rating to be released by 20th Century Fox in 1970 (the other being Beyond the Valley of the Dolls). In 1978 the studio submitted a cut version running 91 minutes to the MPAA, and the film was re-classified with an R rating. Both versions are available on the DVD, though the uncut print is now considered unrated.
Upon its release, the film was a commercial and critical flop. Time magazine stated "Myra Breckinridge is about as funny as a child molester. It is an insult to intelligence, an affront to sensibility and an abomination to the eye." The film is also cited in the book The Fifty Worst Films of All Time. Since its release, it has achieved something of a cult following. Gore Vidal disowned the film, calling it "an awful joke". Film historian Leonard Maltin gave the film a BOMB (his lowest possible score). In his movie guide he states the film "tastelessly exploits many old Hollywood favorites through film clips." He also calls the film "as bad as any movie ever made."
Due to the film's adult themes, it has rarely been shown on television, though in recent years, the film has aired on Fox Movie Channel. In 2004, Myra Breckinridge was released on DVD with minor changes: to make the film's ending (that Myra never had her sex change) clearer, the ending sequence was changed to a black-and-white format.
See also 
- Solomon, Aubrey. Twentieth Century Fox: A Corporate and Financial History (The Scarecrow Filmmakers Series). Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 1989. ISBN 978-0-8108-4244-1. p256
- Solomon p 231. Please note figures are rentals not total gross.
- Chierichetti, David; Head, Edith (2003). Edith Head: The Life and Times of Hollywood's Celebrated Costume Designer. HarperCollins. p. 180. ISBN 0-06-056740-6.
- Moran, Leslie J.; Christie, Ian; Sandon, Emma (2004). Law's Moving Image. Loizidou, Elena. Routledge Cavendish. p. 87. ISBN 1-904385-01-X.
- The Agony Booth
- Tuska, Jon; Tyler, Parker (1992). The Complete Films of Mae West. Citadel Press. p. 183. ISBN 0-8065-1359-4.
- Prono, Luca (2008). Encyclopedia of Gay and Lesbian Popular Culture. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 270. ISBN 0-313-33599-0.
- Frasier, David K. (1998). Russ Meyer-The Life and Films: A Biography and a Comprehensive, Illustrated and Annotated Filmography and Bibliography. McFarland. p. 129. ISBN 0-7864-0472-8.
- Hadleigh, Boze (2001). The Lavender Screen: The Gay and Lesbian Films : Their Stars, Makers, Characters, and Critics. Citadel Press. p. 108. ISBN 0-8065-2199-6.
- "Some Sort of Nadir" - TIME, July 6, 1970.
- Hoberman, J.; Rosenbaum, Jonathan (1991). Midnight Movies. Da Capo Press. p. 268. ISBN 0-306-80433-6.
- Conner, Floyd (2002). Hollywood's Most Wanted: The Top 10 Book of Lucky Breaks, Prima Donnas, Box Office Bombs, and Other Oddities. Brassey's. p. 65. ISBN 1-57488-480-8.