Naoki Prize

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The Naoki Prize is a Japanese literary award presented semiannually. The official name is Naoki Sanjugo Prize. It was created in 1935 by Kikuchi Kan, then editor of the Bungeishunjū magazine, and named in memory of novelist Naoki Sanjugo. Sponsored by the Society for the Promotion of Japanese Literature, the award recognizes "the best work of popular literature in any format by a new, rising, or (reasonably young) established author."[1] The winner receives a watch and one million yen.[2]

Kikuchi founded the Naoki Prize with the Akutagawa Prize which targets the newcomer of pure literature, and the two prizes are two sides of the same coin and inseparable from one another. Because of its prestige and the considerable attention the winner receives from the media, it is, along with the Akutagawa Prize, one of Japan's most sought after literary prizes.[3][4]

Winners[edit]

1st–100th[edit]

1935 1 Matsutarō Kawaguchi Tsuruhachi Tsurujirō (鶴八鶴次郎?),
Fūryū Fukagawa Uta (風流深川唄?, lit. Song of the Refined Fuka River),
Meiji Ichidai Onna (明治一代女?, lit. Meiji Era Woman)
2 Uko Washio Yoshinochō Taiheiki (吉野朝太平記?, lit. Chronicles of the Yoshino Era of Peace), etc.
1936 3 Chōgorō Kaionji Tenshō Onna Gassen (天正女合戦?, lit. Tenshō Women's Battle),
Budō Denraiki (武道傳來記?)
4 Takatarō Kigi Jinsei no Ahō (人生の阿呆?, lit. A Fool's Life)
1937 5 There is no applicable work.
6 Masuji Ibuse John Manjirō Hyōryūki (ジョン萬次郎漂流記?, lit. The Drifting Chronicles of John Manjirō), etc.
1938 7 Sotoo Tachibana Narin-denka e no Kaisō (ナリン殿下への回想?, lit. Recollections of His Highness Narin)
8 Tadao Ooike Kabuto (兜首?, lit. Helmet),
Akitaguchi no Kyōdai (秋田口の兄弟?, lit. The Akitaguchi Siblings)
1939 9 There is no applicable work.
10 There is no applicable work.
1940 11 Chiyo Tsutsumi
Sensuke Kawachi
Koyubi (小指?, lit. Pinky Finger), etc.
Gunji Yuubin (軍事郵便?, lit. Military Postal Service)
12 Genzō Murakami Kazusa Fudoki (上総風土記?), etc.
1941 13 Sōjū Kimura Unnan Shubihei (雲南守備兵?, lit. Guards of the Southern Clouds)
14 There is no applicable work.
1942 15 There is no applicable work.
16 Norio Taoka
Takio Kanzaki
Gōjō Ichigo (強情いちご?, lit. Stubborn Ichigo), etc.
Kanyō (寛容?, lit. Generosity), etc.
1943 17 There is no applicable work. (Shūgorō Yamamoto's Nihon Fudōki (日本婦道記?, lit. Chronicles of a Japanese Woman's Duties) was chosen, but he declined the prize.)
18 Sōichi Mori Yamahata (山畠?),
Ga to Sasabune (蛾と笹舟?, lit. The Moth and the Toy Boat)
1944 19 Seizō Okada Nyū Giniya Sangakusen (ニューギニヤ山岳戦?, lit. New Guinea Mountain War)
20 There is no applicable work.
1949 21 Tsuneo Tomita Omote (?, lit. Face),
Irezumi (刺青?, lit. Tattoo)
22 Katsurō Yamada Umi no Haien (海の廃園?, lit. Abandoned Garden of the Sea)
1950 23 Hidemi Kon
Itoko Koyama
Tennō no Bōshi (天皇の帽子?, lit. The Emperor's Hat)
Shikkō Yūyo (執行猶予?, lit. Stay of Execution)
24 Kazuo Dan Chōgonka (長恨歌?, lit. Chōgon Song)
Shinsetsu Ishikawa Goemon (真説石川五右衛門?, lit. True Theory Ishikawa Goemon)
1951 25 Keita Genji Eigoya-san (英語屋さん?, lit. Mr. English Shop),
Taifū-san (颱風さん?, lit. Mr. Typhoon),
Gokurōsan (御苦労さん?, lit. I Appreciate Your Hard Work)
26 Juran Hisao
Renzaburō Shibata
Suzuki Mondo (鈴木主水?)
Iesu no Ei (イエスの裔?, lit. Descendant of Jesus)
1952 27 Shinji Fujiwara Tsumina Onna (罪な女?, lit. Sinful Woman), etc.
28 Nobuyuki Tateno Hanran (叛乱?, lit. Insurrection)
1953 29 There is no applicable work.
30 There is no applicable work.
1954 31 Yorichika Arima Shūshin Miketsushū (終身未決囚?, lit. Unconvicted Prisoner For Life)
32 Haruo Umezaki
Yukio Togawa
Boroya no Shunjū (ボロ家の春秋?, lit. Spring and Autumn of the Scrap Merchant)
Takayasu Inu Monogatari (高安犬物語?, lit. Takayasu Dog Story)
1955 33 There is no applicable work.
34 Jirō Nitta
Eikan Kyū
Gōrikiden (強力伝?, lit. The Life of A Mountain Carrier)
Honkon (香港?, lit. Hong Kong)
1956 35 Norio Nanjō
Kanichi Kon
Tōdaiki (燈台鬼?, lit. Lighthouse Demon)
Kabe no Hana (壁の花?, lit. Wallflower)
36 Tōkō Kon
Miharu Hozumi
Oginsama (お吟さま?)
Kachigarasu (勝烏?, lit. Victory Crows)
1957 37 Masanori Esaki Ruson no Tanima (ルソンの谷間?, lit. Valley of the Luzon)
38 There is no applicable work.
1958 39 Toyoko Yamasaki
Eiji Shinba
Hana Noren (花のれん?, lit. Flower Shop Sign)
Akai Yuki (赤い雪?, lit. Red Snow)
40 Saburō Shiroyama
Kyō Takigawa
Sōkaiya Kinjō (総会屋錦城?, lit. Extortionist Kinjō)
Ochiro (落ちる?, lit. Fall Down)
1959 41 Kieko Watanabe
Yumie Hiraiwa
Mabechigawa (馬淵川?)
Taganeshi (鏨師?, lit. Master Engraver)
42 Ryōtarō Shiba
Yasuji Toita
Fukurō no Shiro (梟の城?, Owls' Castle)
Danjūrō Seppuku Jiken (團十郎切腹事件?, lit. The Danjūrō Seppuku Incident)
1960 43 Shōtarō Ikenami Sakuran (錯乱?, lit. Confusion)
44 Daikichi Terauchi
Jūgo Kuroiwa
Hagure Nenbutsu (はぐれ念仏?)
Haitoku no Mesu (背徳のメス?, lit. Invitation to Corruption)
1961 45 Tsutomu Minakami Gan no Tera (雁の寺?, lit. Temple of the Wild Geese)
46 Keiichi Itō Hotaru no Kawa (螢の河?, lit. River of Fireflies)
1962 47 Hisahide Sugimori Tensai to Kyōjin no Aida (天才と狂人の間?, lit. Between a Genius and a Madman)
48 Hitomi Yamaguchi
Sonoko Sugimoto
Eburiman-shi no Yūgana Seikatsu (江分利満氏の優雅な生活?, lit. The Elegant Lives of the Everyman Family)
Koshū no Kishi (孤愁の岸?, lit. Lonely Contemplation on the Shore)
1963 49 Tokuji Satō Onna no Ikusa (女のいくさ?, lit. The Women's War)
50 Tsuruo Andō
Yoshie Wada
Kōdan Honmokutei (巷談本牧亭?)
Chiri no Naka (塵の中?, lit. In the Dust)
1964 51 There is no applicable work.
52 Michiko Nagai
Atsuko Anzai
Enkan (炎環?, lit. Ring of Fire)
Chanshaoshu no Hanashi (張少子の話?)
1965 53 Shigeo Fujii Niji (?, lit. Rainbow)
54 Yūkichi Shinbashi
Jihei Chiba
Yaochō (八百長?, lit. Rigged Game)
Toriko Shū-ki (虜愁記?, lit. Sad Tale of a Prisoner)
1966 55 Masaaki Tachihara Shiroi Keshi (白い罌粟?, lit. White Poppy)
56 Hiroyuki Itsuki Aozameta Uma wo Miyo (蒼ざめた馬を見よ?, lit. See the Pale Horse)
1967 57 Jirō Ikushima Oitsumeru (追いつめる?, lit. Cornered)
58 Akiyuki Nosaka[5]
Tooru Miyoshi
Amerika Hijiki (アメリカひじき?), Grave of the Fireflies (火垂るの墓 Hotaru no Haka?)
Hijiri Shōjo (聖少女?, lit. Holy Girl)
1968 59 There is no applicable work.
60 Shunshin Chin
Mitsugu Saotome
Seigyoku Shishi Kōro (青玉獅子香炉?, lit. Sapphire Shishi Incense Burner)
Kyōjin no Ori (僑人の檻?)
1969 61 Aiko Satō Tatakai Sunde Hi ga Kurete (戦いすんで日が暮れて?, lit. The Day of Battle's End Draws to a Close)
62 There is no applicable work.
1970 63 Junichi Watanabe[6]
Yūki Shōji
Hikari to Kage (光と影?, lit. Light and Shadow)
Gunki Hatameku Shita ni (軍旗はためく下に?, lit. Beneath the Fluttering Battle Flag)
64 Jō Toyoda Nagaragawa (長良川?, lit. Nagara River)
1971 65 There is no applicable work.
66 There is no applicable work.
1972 67 Hisashi Inoue
Kenjō Tsunabuchi
Tegusari Shinjū (手鎖心中?, lit. Shackled Double Suicide)
Zan (?, lit. Beheading)
68 There is no applicable work.
1973 69 Shuhei Fujisawa[7]
Hideo Osabe
Ansatsu no Nenrin (暗殺の年輪?, lit. Annals of Assassination)
Tsugaru Yosare Bushi (津軽世去れ節?), Tsugaru Jonkara Bushi (津軽じょんから節?)
70 There is no applicable work.
1974 71 Giichi Fujimoto Oni no Uta (鬼の詩?, lit. Song of Demons)
72 Ryō Hanmura
Magoroku Ide
Ame Yadori (雨やどり?, lit. Shelter From the Rain)
Atorasu Densetsu (アトラス伝説?, lit. The Legend of Atlas)
1975 73 There is no applicable work.
74 Ryuzo Saki Vengeance is Mine (復讐するは我にあり Fukushū suru wa Ware ni ari?)
1976 75 There is no applicable work.
76 Kyōzō Miyoshi Kosodate Gokko (子育てごっこ?, lit. Playing at Raising Children)
1977 77 There is no applicable work.
78 There is no applicable work.
1978 79 Yō Tsumoto
Takehiro Irokawa
Jinjū no Umi (深重の海?, lit. Jinjū's Sea)
Rikon (離婚?, lit. Divorce)
80 Tomiko Miyao
Natsuo Ariake
Ichigen no Koto (一絃の琴?, lit. One-Stringed Harp)
Dai Naniwa Morobito Ourai (大浪花諸人往来?, lit. The Comings and Goings of the Many People of Great Naniwa)
1979 81 Takashi Atōda[8]
Komimasa Tanaka
Napoleon Crazy (ナポレオン狂 Naporeon Kyō?)
Rōkyoku-shi Asahimaru no Hanashi (浪曲師朝日丸の話?, lit. The Tales of Master Storyteller Asahimaru), Mimi no Koto (ミミのこと?, lit. Matters of the Ear)
82 There is no applicable work.
1980 83 Kuniko Mukōda
Kageki Shimoda
Hana no Namae (花の名前?, lit. Name of the Flower), Kawauso (かわうそ?, lit. Otter), Inugoya (犬小屋?, lit. Dog House)
Kiiroi Kiba (黄色い牙?, lit. Yellow Fang)
84 Masanori Nakamura Genshu no Muhon (元首の謀叛?, lit. Sovereign's Rebellion)
1981 85 Yukio Aoshima Ningen Banji Saiō ga Hinoeuma (人間万事塞翁が丙午?)
86 Kōhei Tsuka
Akira Mitsuoka
Kamata Kōshinkyoku (蒲田行進曲?, lit. Kamata March)
Kirai (機雷?, lit. Sea Mine)
1982 87 Yūsuke Fukada
Tomomi Muramatsu
En'netsu Shōnin (炎熱商人?, lit. Unbearable Heat Merchant)
Jidai-ya no Nyōbō (時代屋の女房?, lit. Wife of the Shop Era)
88 There is no applicable work.
1983 89 Kōshi Kurumizawa Kuropan Furyo-ki (黒パン俘虜記?, lit. Chronicle of the Brown Bread Prisoners)
90 Takurō Kanki
Osamu Takahashi
Shiseikatsu (私生活?, lit. Private Life)
Hiden (秘伝?, lit. Mystery)
1984 91 Mikihiko Renjō
Toshizō Nanba
Koibumi (恋文?, lit. Love Letter)
Tennojimura (てんのじ村?)
92 There is no applicable work.
1985 93 Yōko Yamaguchi Enka no Mushi (演歌の虫?, lit. Enka Insects),
Rō Ume (老梅?, lit. Old Plum)
94 Seigo Morita
Mariko Hayashi
Uogashi Monogatari (魚河岸ものがたり?, lit. Fish Market Story)
Saishuu-bin ni Maniaeba (最終便に間に合えば?, lit. If I'm in Time for the Last Trip), Kyoto Made (京都まで?, lit. Until Kyōto)
1986[9] 95 Hiroko Minagawa Koi Kurenai (恋紅?, lit. Crimson Love)
96 Gō Ōsaka
Shinpei Tokiwa
The Red Star of Cadiz (カディスの赤い星 Kadisu no Akai Hoshi?)
Tooi Amerika (遠いアメリカ?, lit. Far Off America)
1987[9] 97 Amy Yamada
Ichirō Shiraishi
Soul Music Lovers Only (ソウル・ミュージック・ラバーズ・オンリー Sōru Myūjikku Rabāzu Onrī?)
Kairōden (海狼伝?)
98 Makio Abe Sorezore no Tsuigakushō (それぞれの終楽章?, lit. The End of Each Musical Movement)
1988 99 Tamio Kageyama
Masaaki Nishiki
Tōi Umi kara Kita Coo (遠い海から来たCOO?, lit. From a Distant Ocean Came Coo)
Kooreru Hitomi (凍れる瞳?, lit. An Eye Freezing Over), Hashima no Onna (端島の女?, lit. The Hashima Woman)
100 Akiko Sugimoto
Shizuko Tōdō
Tōkyō Shin Ōhashi Uchūzu (東京新大橋雨中図?, lit. Tokyo New Big Bridge Path Plan)
Urete Yuku Natsu (熟れてゆく夏?, lit. Ripening Summer)

101st to present[edit]

1989[10] 101 Nejime Shōichi
Akira Sasakura
Kōenji Junjō Shōtengai (高円寺純情商店街?, lit. Kōenji Purehearted Shopping District)
Tooi Kuni kara no Satsujinsha (遠い国からの殺人者?, lit. Murderer from a Distant Land)
102 Seiji Hashikawa
Ryō Hara
Kodenshō (小伝抄?, lit. Precise Biographical Sketch)
Watashi ga Koroshita Shōjo (私が殺した少女?, lit. The Girl I Killed)
1990 103 Tsumao Awasaka Kage Kikyō (蔭桔梗?, lit. Shadow Bellflower)
104 Kaoru Furukawa Hyōhakusha no Aria (漂泊者のアリア?, lit. A Vagabond's Aria)
1991 105 Masamitsu Miyagitani
Sunao Ashihara
Natsuhime Shunshū (夏姫春秋?)
Seishun Dendekedekedeke (青春デンデケデケデケ?)
106 Yoshio Takahashi
Katsuhiko Takahashi
Ōkami Bugyō (狼奉行?, lit. Wolf Magistrate)
Akai Kioku (緋い記憶?, lit. Red Memory)
1992 107 Shizuka Ijūin Uke Tsuki (受け月?)
108 Tatsurō Dekune Tsukudashima Futari Shobō (佃島ふたり書房?, lit. Tsukuda Island Two Bookstores)
1993 109 Kaoru Takamura
Aiko Kitahara
Marks no Yama (マークスの山 Mākusu no Yama?, lit. Marks' Mountain)
Koi Wasuregusa (恋忘れ草?, lit. Love Tobacco)
110 Arimasa Osawa
Masayoshi Satō
Shinjuku Zame – Mugen Ningyō (新宿鮫 無間人形?, lit. Shinjuku Sharks: Infinite Puppets)
Ebisu-ya Kihei Tebikae (恵比寿屋喜兵衛手控え?, lit. Ebisu Shop Kihei Memorandum)
1994 111 Akihiko Nakamura
Yasuhisa Ebisawa
Futatsu no Sanga (二つの山河?, lit. Two Mountains and Rivers)
Kikyō (帰郷?, lit. Homecoming)
112 There is no applicable work.
1995 113 Shun Akasegawa Hakkyū Zan'ei (白球残映?)
114 Mariko Koike
Iori Fujiwara
Koi (?, lit. Love)
Terorisuto no Parasoru (テロリストのパラソル?, lit. The Terrorist's Parasol)
1996[11] 115 Asa Nonami The Hunter (凍える牙 Kogoeru Kiba?, lit. Freezing Fang)
116 Masako Bandō Yamahaha (山妣?, lit. Mountain Mother)
1997 117 Setsuko Shinoda
Jirō Asada
Onnatachi no Jihaado (女たちのジハード?, lit. The Women's Jihad)
The Stationmaster and other stories (鉄道員 Poppoya?)
118 There is no applicable work.
1998[12] 119 Chōkitsu Kurumatani Akame Shijūya-taki Shinjū Misui (赤目四十八瀧心中未遂?, lit. Attempted Suicide at the Forty-eight Falls of Akame)
120 Miyuki Miyabe Riyū (理由?, lit. The Reason)
1999[10][12] 121 Kenichi Satō
Natsuo Kirino
Ōhi no Rikon (王妃の離婚?, lit. The Queen's Divorce)
Yawaraka na Hoho (柔らかな頬?, lit. Soft Cheeks)
122 Rei Nakanishi Nagasaki Burabura Bushi (長崎ぶらぶら節?, lit. Ballad of a Nagasaki Stroll)
2000[12] 123 Yoichi Funado
Kazuki Kaneshiro
Niji no Tani no Gogatsu (虹の谷の五月?, lit. May in the Valley of the Rainbow)
GO
124 Kiyoshi Shigematsu
Fumio Yamamoto
Bitamin F (ビタミンF?, lit. Vitamin F)
Puranaria (プラナリア?, lit. Planaria)
2001[12] 125 Yoshinaga Fujita[13] Ai no Ryōbun (愛の領分?, lit. Territory of Love)
126 Ichiriki Yamamoto
Kei Yuikawa
Akanezora (あかね空?, lit. A Deep-Red Sky)
Katagoshi no Koibito (肩ごしの恋人?, lit. Over-the-Shoulder Lover)
2002[12] 127 Yuzaburō Otokawa Ikiru (生きる?, lit. To Live)
128 There is no applicable work.
2003[12] 129 Ira Ishida
Yuka Murayama
4-Teen (4TEEN フォーティーン Fōtīn?)
Voyage to the Stars (星々の舟 Hoshiboshi no Fune?, lit. Ship of Stars)
130 Kaori Ekuni
Natsuhiko Kyogoku
Gokyu suru Junbi wa Dekiteita (号泣する準備はできていた?, lit. Preparations for Crying Have Been Made)
Requiem from the Darkness (後巷説百物語 Nochino Kōsetsu Hyaku Monogatari?, lit. Further Gossip Hundred Tales)
2004[12] 131 Hideo Okuda
Tatsuya Kumagai
Trapeze (空中ブランコ Kūchū Buranko?)
Kaikō no Mori (邂逅の森?, lit. Forest of the Chance Meeting)
132 Mitsuyo Kakuta Taigan no Kanojo (対岸の彼女?, lit. The Woman on the Opposite Shore)
2005[12] 133 Minato Shukawa Hana Manma (花まんま?, lit. As a Flower)
134 Keigo Higashino The Devotion of Suspect X (容疑者Xの献身 Yōgisha X no Kenshin?)
2006[12] 135 Shion Miura
Eto Mori
Mahoro Ekimae Tada Benri-ken (まほろ駅前多田便利軒?, lit. The Convenience Shop Just Before Mahoro Station)
Kaze ni Maiagaru Binīru Shīto (風に舞いあがるビニールシート?, lit. A Vinyl Sheet Dancing in the Wind)
136 There is no applicable work.
2007[14] 137 Kesako Matsui Yoshiwara Tebikigusa (吉原手引草?)
138 Kazuki Sakuraba Watashi no Otoko (私の男?, lit. My Man)
2008 139 Areno Inoue Kiriha e (切羽へ?)
140 Arata Tendo
Ken'ichi Yamamoto
Itamu Hito (悼む人?, lit. Mourned Person)
Rikyū ni Tazune yo (利休にたずねよ?, lit. Go Ask Rikyū)
2009[15] 141 Kaoru Kitamura Sagi to Yuki (鷺と雪?, lit. Herons and Snow)
142 Jō Sasaki
Kazufumi Shiraishi
Haikyo ni Kō (廃墟に乞う?, lit. An Invitation to the Ruins)
Hokanaranu Hito e (ほかならぬ人へ?)
2010[16] 143 Kyōko Nakajima Chiisai O'uchi (小さいおうち?, lit. A Small House)
144 Nobori Kiuchi
Shūsuke Michio
Hyōsa no Utau (漂砂のうたう?, lit. The Singing of the Sands)
Tsuki to Kani (月と蟹?, lit. The Moon and Crabs)
2011 145[17] Jun Ikeido Shitamachi Rocket (下町ロケット Shitamachi Roketto?)
146[18] Rin Hamuro Higurashi no Ki (蜩ノ記?, lit. Cicada Chronicles)
2012 147 Mizuki Tsujimura Kagi no nai Yume wo Miru (鍵のない夢を見る?, lit. I Saw a Dream Without a Key)
148[19] Asai Ryo
Abe Ryutaro
Nanimono (何者?)
Tohaku (等伯?)
2013 149[20] Shino Sakuragi Hotel Royal (ホテルローヤル?, lit. Hotel Royal)
150

Winners available in English translation[edit]

  • 1961 (45th) - Tsutomu Minakami (Tsutomu Mizukami), The Temple of the Wild Geese (The Temple of the Wild Geese and Bamboo Dolls of Echizen, trans. Dennis C. Washburn, Dalkey Archive Press, 2008)
  • 1979 (81st) - Takashi Atōda, Napoleon Crazy (Short story collection)
    • "Napoleon Crazy" (Napoleon Crazy and other stories, trans. Stanleigh H. Jones, Kodansha International, 1986 / Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine, March 1989)
    • "The Visitor" (Napoleon Crazy and other stories, trans. Stanleigh H. Jones, Kodansha International, 1986 / Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine, December 1988)
    • "The Transparent Fish" (Napoleon Crazy and other stories, trans. Stanleigh H. Jones, Kodansha International, 1986)
    • "Of Golf and Its Beginnings" (The Square Persimmon and other stories, trans. Millicent M. Horton, Tuttle Publishing, 1991)
    • "A Treatise on Count St. German" (The Square Persimmon and other stories, trans. Millicent M. Horton, Tuttle Publishing, 1991)
  • 1986 (96th) - Go Osaka, The Red Star of Cadiz (trans. Usha Jayaraman, Kurodahan Press, 2008)
  • 1996 (115th) - Asa Nonami, The Hunter: A Detective Takako Otomichi Mystery (trans. Juliet Winters Carpenter, Kodansha International, 2006)
  • 1997 (117th) - Jirō Asada, The Stationmaster (trans. Terry Gallagher, Viz Media, 2009 / Shueisha English Edition, 2013)
  • 1998 (119th) - Chōkitsu Kurumatani, The Paradise Bird Tattoo (trans. Kenneth J. Bryson, Counterpoint, 2010)
  • 2000 (123rd) - Yoichi Funado, May in the Valley of the Rainbow (trans. Eve Alison Nyren, Vertical, 2006)
  • 2005 (134th) - Keigo Higashino, The Devotion of Suspect X (trans. Alexander O. Smith, Minotaur Books, 2011)

Nominees available in English translation[edit]

Current members of the selection committee[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Japanese Literature Home Page
  2. ^ Fukue, Nastuko, "Literary awards run spectrum", Japan Times, 14 February 2012, p. 3.
  3. ^ NATSUKO FUKUE. "Literary awards run spectrum", japantimes.com, Feb. 14, 2012
  4. ^ "Akutagawa Prize." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 14 Feb. 2012.
  5. ^ "AnimeCornerStore.com: Grave of the Fireflies". Retrieved 2012-07-26. 
  6. ^ "Jun'ichi Watanabe". Japanese Literature Publishing Project website. Japanese Literature Publishing and Promotion Center. Archived from the original on 2008-01-10. Retrieved 2009-05-26. 
  7. ^ Embassy of Japan in the UK
  8. ^ – Kyoto SU
  9. ^ a b Museion site – winners to 2005
  10. ^ a b Amazon.com
  11. ^ Kodansha
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i Mark Jewel. "Archives". The Japanese Literature Home Page. 
  13. ^ Announced July 18th 2001 Japan Weekly Monitor, Kyodo News International, Tokyo, Japan July 23rd 2001
  14. ^ Mainichi new: Naoki prize winner
  15. ^ http://www.bunshun.co.jp/award/naoki/index.htm
  16. ^ 2011 prize
  17. ^ Writer Ikeido wins Naoki Prize
  18. ^ Tanaka, Enjo win Akutagawa award; Hamuro gets Naoki
  19. ^ Staff writer (January 18, 2013). "Top literature awards split by oldest, youngest novelists". The Japan Times. Retrieved January 18, 2013. 
  20. ^ "Fujino wins Akutagawa award; Sakuragi gets Naoki prize". Japan Times. July 17, 2013. Retrieved July 19, 2013. 

External links[edit]