Jawaharlal Nehru Port
A container ship at Nhava Sheva
|Operated by||Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust|
|Owned by||Government of India|
|Annual cargo tonnage||Bulk: 7.88 million tons (2010-11)
Container: 56.43 million tons (2010-11)
|Annual container volume||4.27 million TEU (2010-11)|
Jawaharlal Nehru Port, also known as Nhava Sheva, is the largest container port in India. Located south of Mumbai in Maharashtra, the port on the Arabian Sea is accessed via Thane Creek. Its common name derives from the names of Nhava and Sheva villages that were situated here. This port is also the terminal of Western Dedicated Freight Corridor proposed by Indian Railways.
Jawaharlal Nehru Port is located near Navi Mumbai on the Konkan mainland across from the island city of Mumbai. Spread over 10 square kilometres (2,500 acres), it was developed to relieve pressure on Mumbai Port. It was inaugurated on 26 May 1989. It is the 33rd largest port in the world.
Construction of Jawaharlal Nehru Port was originally planned in 1965. The original plan envisioned the port for use to import food grains, since India then faced a major food shortfall. Following the Green Revolution in India, India gained surplus food grain production capacity, so that the plans for the port shifted focus to container traffic.
Jawaharlal Nehru Port is run by the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, an autonomous corporation wholly owned by the Government of India. The port was created to relieve pressure on Mumbai Port, then the pre-eminent port of India. It also enabled importers to avoid the octroi tax levied on goods entering Mumbai city by the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation since it falls outside the jurisdiction of the municipal corporation.
Jawaharlal Nehru Port is well connected to major highways and rail networks in India. The closest suburban railheads are CBD Belapur and Panvel. The port handles 65% of India's container traffic and has an average berthing period of 37 hours which is very long and inefficient. However, the GTI terminal of the port, that has been leased to a private operator, set national record for berth productivity of 235.92 moves/hour on 25 January 2010 on vessel M.V Ever Racer (WCIX service). The entire operation was performed in just 13 hours and 10 minutes, during which 3295 moves (4136 TEUs) were performed.
The expansion plans for the port include extensive new terminal access points and connecting roads.
The JNPT Container Terminal is operated by JNPT. It has a quay length of 680 metres (2,230 ft) with 3 berths.
The Nhava Sheva International Container Terminal (NSICT) is leased to a consortium led by P & O, now a part of DP World. Commissioned in July 2000, it has a 600 metres (2,000 ft) quay length with two berths. It can handle up to 15.6 million tons of cargo. NSICT was India’s first privately managed container terminal.
Major exports from Jawaharlal Nehru Port are textiles, sporting goods, carpets, textile machinery, boneless meat, chemicals and pharmaceuticals. The main imports are chemicals, machinery, plastics, electrical machinery, vegetable oils and aluminium and other non-ferrous metals. The port handles cargo traffic mostly originating from or destined for Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, as well as most of North India.
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