Ports in India

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Map showing the location of airports and seaports in India

India has a coastline spanning 7516.6 kilometers, forming one of the biggest peninsulas in the world. It is serviced by 13 major ports, 200 notified minor and intermediate ports. The total 200 non-major ports are in the following States:- Gujarat (42); Maharashtra (48); Tamil Nadu (15); Karnataka (10); Kerala (17); Andhra Pradesh (12); Odisha (13); Goa (5); West Bengal (1); Daman and Diu (2); Lakshadweep (10); Pondicherry (2); and Andaman & Nicobar (23).[1]

Classification of ports[edit]

Indian government has a federal structure, and according to its constitution, maritime transport is to be administered by both the Central and the State governments. While the central government's shipping ministry administers the major ports, the minor and intermediate ports are administered by the relevant departments or ministries in the nine coastal states Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra and Gujarat. Several of these 187 minor and intermediate ports have been identified by the respective governments to be developed, in a phased manner, a good proportion of them involving public–private partnership.

Shipping[edit]

Major ports handled over 74% of all cargo traffic in 2007. All major ports, except one Ennore Port are government administered, but private sector participation in ports has increased. There are also 7 shipyards under the control of the central government of India, 2 shipyards controlled by state governments, and 19 privately owned shipyards.

As of 2000, there were 102 shipping companies operating in India, of which five were privately owned and based in India and one was owned by Shipping Corporation of India. There were 639 government-owned ships, including 91 oil tankers, 79 dry cargo bulk carriers, and 10 cellular container vessels. Indian-flagged vessels carried about 15 percent of overseas cargo at Indian ports for financial year 2003.

Cargo handled[edit]

The following table gives the detailed data about the major ports of India[2] (Source: Indian Ports Association):

Name Cargo Handled
(FY2013-14)
Vessel Traffic
(FY2012-13)
Container Traffic
million tonnes  % Increase
(over previous FY)
 % Increase
(over previous FY)
'000 TEUs  % Increase
(over previous FY)
Kandla 87.00 -7.06% ↓ 2,734 0.74% ↑ 29 -75.42% ↓
Paradip 68.00 20.25% ↑ 1,279 -4.96% ↓ 9 -30.77% ↓
JNPT 62.37 -3.32% ↓ 2,588 -11.25% ↓ 4,161 -2.30% ↓
Mumbai 59.19 1.98% ↑ 1,949 -5.25% ↓ 41 -14.58% ↓
Visakhapatnam 58.50 -0.91% ↓ 2,066 -16.36% ↓ 263 6.48% ↑
Chennai 51.11 -4.30% ↓ 1,928 -5.63% ↓ 1,468 -4.68% ↓
Kolkata 41.39 3.65% ↑ 3,155 -0.91% ↓ 563 -6.17% ↓
Mangalore 39.37 6.29% ↑ 1,096 -5.11% ↓ 50 4.17% ↑
Tuticorin 28.64 1.35% ↑ 1,292 -13.40% ↓ 508 6.72% ↑
Ennore (corporate) 27.34 -52.85% ↓ 475 23.38% ↑ -- --
Kochi 20.89 5.25% ↑ 1,367 -1.09% ↓ 351 4.78% ↑
Mormugao 11.74 -33.65% ↓ 473 39.75% ↑ 22 10.00% ↑
All Indian Ports 555.50 1.78% ↑ 20,402 -6.95% ↓ 7,465 -3.10% ↓

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://business.gov.in/Industry_services/ports.php.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ "Operational Details". Indian Ports Association. Retrieved 17 December 2014. 

External links[edit]