Next Greek legislative election
A legislative election is planned to take place in Greece no later than the 16th day of June 2016 to elect all 300 members to the Hellenic Parliament in accordance with the constitution. While the election is planned for 2016, due to the political and economic situation in Greece, there is a possibility that the election might be held earlier.
Greece has suffered an economic depression since 2008 and has sought bailouts from external sources. The incumbent government (after the June 2012 election) was originally formed by New Democracy, PASOK, and DIMAR. Antonis Samaras of New Democracy is Prime Minister. PASOK and DIMAR forwent participating in Samaras' cabinet, which is thus composed of New Democracy members and independents. By April 2013, the government held 167 seats, down from 179 elected in the 2012 election. Of those, 9 were expelled for voting against austerity packages, and 3 left voluntarily. Two former Democratic Left MPs who were expelled, Odysseas Voudouris and Paris Moutsinas, formed a new party in April 2013, saying in a letter to party leader Fotis Kouvelis that their former party had "mutated" into a centrist one.
On June 21, 2013, DIMAR chose to withdraw from the governing coalition in protest of the unilateral closure of the state broadcasting corporation, ERT, 10 days before; an action opposed by both DIMAR and PASOK. Samaras closed ERT without consulting either junior partner of the government. The Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered that ERT be put back on the air, but the parties were unable to reach an agreement on doing so. DIMAR's withdrawal from the government left it with 153 seats, leaving it with a slim three seat majority. Antonis Manitakis, the Minister of Administrative Reform, and Antonis Roupakiotis, the Minister of Justice, both independents, also submitted their resignation to the government the same day.
DIMAR said that they would still work with the government on a case-by-case basis, but DIMAR MP Ioannis Michelogiannakis said that following another election the party could also work with a SYRIZA-led government. DIMAR MP and member of the central committee of DIMAR, Spyros Lykoudis, stated his preference for a broader SYRIZA-DIMAR-PASOK coalition.
Panos Kammenos, leader of ANEL, stated he favored a broad alliance of anti-bailout parties, excluding Golden Dawn. Kammenos also proposed cooperating with SYRIZA in the 2014 local elections, suggesting their candidates could appear on the same ticket. Following the rumors of a third bailout, Kammenos attempted to convince maverick ND and PASOK MPs to bring down the government.
Dimitris Koutsoumpas, leader of KKE, reiterated the party's stance against cooperation with other parties, stating alliances or partnerships must be done in terms of social movements, "not from the top down, where leaders sit down and find, one, two, three things they agree on and sign a program. Those alliances have been shown to have many bad side effects for the labour movement."
Third bailout package
On October 14, the European Central Bank (ECB) began saying Greece would need a third bailout. ECB executive board member Joerg Asmussen said the country would need an additional six billion euros in financing, and the government would have to find an additional two billion euros in cuts (in addition to four billion euros in cuts already planned in the draft budget.)
Minister of Health and ND MP Adonis Georgiades said snap elections would be held if new cuts were required on October 16 in an interview with Skai TV. Samaras and Venizelos both said new cuts could not be considered, since they would destabilize the government and exacerbate the recession. The troika would not compromise on their demands for more cuts and the closure of more state firms. The troika and government planned to meet in early November.
The government passed the budget as is without additional measures on December 7, without the Troika's approval. 153 MPs voted in favor, and 142 against. Troika negotiators were originally scheduled to return to Athens in January 2014, however this was later delayed until February 17. The delay was caused by the Troika, which didn't want to return to Athens until they were positive that an agreement could be reached.
In an interview with Bild on February 10 Samaras insisted that Greece did not need a new bailout, despite reports in Germany that the Greek Finance Ministry was working on a plan for one. The German Finance Ministry estimated that a third bailout would be for between 10 and 20 billion euros.
The election scene is expected to take place between pro- and anti-bailout parties. The anti-bailout, left-wing SYRIZA party has been ahead in most polls with the governing conservative New Democracy coming second. The neo-nazi Golden Dawn party is expected to increase its representation, fuelled by the dire economic situation and growing concerns about immigration. The party is third in the polls ahead of the social democratic PASOK, communist KKE, and the right wing anti-memorandum Independent Greeks.
Voting is mandatory; however none of the legally existing penalties or sanctions have ever been enforced. 250 seats will be distributed on the basis of proportional representation, with a threshold of 3% required for entry into parliament. The other 50 seats will be awarded to the party that wins a plurality of votes, with coalitions in that regard not being counted as an overall party but having their votes counted separately for each party in the coalition, according to the election law. Parliamentary majority is achieved by a party or coalition of parties that command at least one half plus one (151 out of 300) of total seats. Blank and invalid votes, as well as votes cast for parties that fall short of the 3% threshold, are disregarded for seat allocation purposes.
Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. The lead column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures. Poll results use the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. However, if such date is unknown, the date of publication will be given instead.
- This poll shows its results without disregarding those who are undecided or said they will abstain from voting (either physically or by voting blank). In order to obtain results comparable to other polls and the official election results, the result shown in this table will be that obtained, with a simple rule of three, from disregarding undecided and/or abstaining voters from the totals offered in the poll.
- Pulse RC opinion polls round their data so that in the end up showing a .0 or a .5 value. This practise is maintained for these polls when disregarding undecided and/or abstaining voters from the totals so as to avoid different interpretations of the same value.
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- "Anti-bailout party Independent Greeks loses second MP in a week (in English)". Kathimerini. 3 June 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
- "Parl't lifts immunity of GD chief following heated House session (in English)". Kathimerini. 4 June 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
- "Democratic Left loses second MP in a day, bringing party to 11 deputies (in English)". Kathimerini. 10 July 2014. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
- "Antonis Samaras announces cabinet (in English)". BBC. 21 June 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
- "Small majority for austerity raises big doubts (in English)". Athens News. 24 March 2013. Retrieved 24 March 2014.
- "Former Democratic Left MPs announce new movement". enetenglish.gr. 1 April 2013. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
- Smith, Helena (21 June 2013). "Democratic Left withdraws from Greek coalition government". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
- "Greece's Democratic Left party defects from coalition". BBC. 21 June 2013. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
- Kitsantonis, Niki; Donadio, Rachel (21 June 2013). "One Coalition Partner Quits Greek Government". The New York Times. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
- "Democratic Left confirms it is withdrawing from government". Kathimerini. 21 June 2013. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
- "Democratic Left leaves government". Enet English. 21 June 2013. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
- "I. Michelogiannakis: "We can work with SYRIZA" (in Greek)". capital.gr. 22 June 2013. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
- "PASOK-DIMAR-SYRIZA coalition, suggests Spyros Lykoudis (in Greek)". iefimerida. 16 October 2013. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- "Kammenos urges ND, PASOK MPs to overthrow government (in English)". Kathimerini. 17 October 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
- "Independent Greeks leader proposes working with SYRIZA (in English)". Kathimerini. 24 October 2013. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- "Koutsoumpas: Proposals for alliances may be directed to the people of the KKE (in Greek)". To Vima. 5 December 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2013.
- "Koutsoumpas: "No" to cooperation at summit (in Greek)". nooz.gr. 5 December 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2013.
- "Greece Bailout to Fall Short, ECB Official Says (in English)". Wall Street Journal. 14 October 2013. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- "Samaras pleads for solidarity in Brussels but third program looms (in English)". Kathimerini. 15 October 2013. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- "New cuts not possible, Greek prime minister tells euro area official (in English)". Kathimerini. 16 October 2013. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- "New austerity measures could lead to elections, says health minister (in English)". Kathimerini. 16 October 2013. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- "Government threatens elections if Troika demands new cuts (in Greek)". iefimerida. 16 October 2013. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- "Troika to insist on new measures, closures of state firms (in English)". Kathimerini. 22 October 2013. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
- "Greek Parliament approves budget for 2014 (in English)". Kathimerini. 7 December 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2013.
- "Troika review to continue next year as Greece falls behind with bailout pledges (in English)". Kathimerini. 7 December 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2013.
- "Troika arrival likely to be postponed (in English)". Kathimerini. 10 January 2014. Retrieved 10 January 2014.
- "Greece does not need third bailout, Samaras tells Bild (in English)". Kathimerini. 10 February 2014. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
- "PM Samaras: Greece does not need a third bailout (in English)". Athens-Macedonian News Agency. 10 February 2014. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
- "Constitution of Greece". Hellenic Parliament. Retrieved 5 November 2011. "Article 51, Clause 5: The exercise of the right to vote is compulsory."
- "Υποχρεωτική η ψήφος αλλά "παγωμένες" οι κυρώσεις" [Voting is mandatory, but penalties "frozen"] (in Greek). Eleftherotypia. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
- "Προεδρικό Διάταγμα 96/2007" [Presidential Decree 96/2007] (in Greek). "Article 117, Clause 1: The elector who unjustifiably does not vote is punished with imprisonment of [at least] one month and up to one year."