Nieuport-Delage NiD 30

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NiD 30
Role Airliner
National origin France
Manufacturer Nieuport-Delage
First flight 1919
Introduction Compagnie Générale Transaérienne
Number built 8

The Nieuport-Delage NiD 30 was a French airliner which entered service in 1920.[1][2] It was a conventional biplane design with an enclosed cabin that seated four passengers and an open cockpit for the pilot. Provision was also made for a wireless transmitter, receiver, and operator.[3] Seven examples were operated by Compagnie Générale Transaérienne on its ParisLondon route on twice-daily return services.[2][4]

Following the loss of one of these machines[5] in thick fog over the Channel on 27 April 1920, the remaining NiD-30s were fitted with an early audible guidance system.[2] However, after a number of further accidents, these were withdrawn from service in February 1921.[4]

A larger, six-passenger variant with sesquiplane wings was developed as the NiD 30T2 and displayed at the 1921 Salon de l'Aéronautique,[6] but this was not produced when testing revealed problems with the design.[2][4]


Variants[edit]

  • NiD 30T1 - four-passenger production version with Sunbeam Matabele engine (7 built)
  • NiD 30T2 - six-passenger version with Darracq 12A engine (1 built)

Operators[edit]

 France

Specifications (NiD 30T1)[edit]

Data from aviafrance.com

General characteristics

  • Crew: One pilot
  • Capacity: 4 passengers
  • Length: 10.80 m (35 ft 2 in)
  • Wingspan: 13.20 m (43 ft 3 in)
  • Height: 4.00 m (13 ft 2 in)
  • Wing area: 65.0 m2 (699 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 1,800 kg (3,960 lb)
  • Gross weight: 2,580 kg (5,680 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Sunbeam Matabele, 260 kW (350 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 172 km/h (108 mph)
  • Range: 420 km (260 miles)
  • Service ceiling: 4,000 m (13,000 ft)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Taylor 1989, 698
  2. ^ a b c d The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft, 2600
  3. ^ Flight, 8 January 1920, p. 37. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
  4. ^ a b c Hartmann 2006, 21
  5. ^ F-CGTY
  6. ^ Flight, 22 December 1921, p. 841. Retrieved 5 April 2012.

References[edit]

  • Hartmann, Gérard (2006). "Les avions Nieuport-Delage". La Coupe Schneider et hydravions anciens/Dossiers historiques hydravions et moteurs. Retrieved 2008-11-07. 
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft. London: Aerospace Publishing. 
  • Parmentier, Bruno. "Nieuport-Delage NiD-30T1". Aviafrance - Un siècle d'aviation française. Retrieved 2008-11-22. 
  • Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. ISBN 0-7106-0710-5.