Aermacchi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the current company, see Alenia Aermacchi.
Aermacchi
Former type Private Subsidiary
Industry Aerospace
Fate Merged
Successors Alenia Aermacchi
Founded 1912
Founders Giulio Macchi
Defunct 2003, January 2012
Headquarters Varese, Italy
Parent Finmeccanica (after 2003)

Aermacchi was an Italian aircraft manufacturer. Formerly known as Aeronautica Macchi, the company was founded in 1912 by Giulio Macchi at Varese in north-western Lombardy. With a factory located on the shores of Lake Varese, the firm originally manufactured seaplanes.

After the Second World War, the company began producing motorcycles as a way to fill the post-war need for cheap, efficient transportation. In 1960, US business Harley Davidson motorcycles purchased 50% of Aermacchi's motorcycle division.

The remaining motorcycle holdings were sold in 1974 to AMF-Harley Davidson, with motorcycles continuing to be made at Varese. The business was sold to Cagiva in 1978.

The company then specialised in civil and military pilot training aircraft. In July 2003, Aermacchi was integrated into the Finmeccanica Group as Alenia Aermacchi, which increased its shareholding to 99%.

Military trainers[edit]

Aermacchi SF-260.
Frecce Tricolori MB-339A/PAN.
Aermacchi M-346.

Since the beginning, the design and production of military trainers have been Alenia Aermacchi's core business.

The products include:

  • SF-260, piston-engined or turboprop-powered screener/primary trainer
  • MB-326, turbofan engined trainer and light attack aircraft
  • M-311, basic turbofan trainer
  • MB-339CD, advanced and lead-in fighter trainer
  • M-346, advanced and lead-in fighter trainer of the new generation

Military collaboration[edit]

Alenia Aermacchi has cooperated in international military programs:

  • AMX Program :

Alenia Aermacchi takes part in the AMX program with Alenia Aeronautica and Embraer of Brazil with a total share of 24%. Alenia Aermacchi develops and manufactures the fuselage forward and rear sections and installs some avionic equipment in the aircraft. A Mid-Life Updating program is required by the Italian Air Force to upgrade the aircraft capabilities.

Alenia Aermacchi designs and produces wing pylons and wing tips, roots, trailing edges and flaps, which represents a 5% share in the overall program.

Alenia Aermacchi has a share of more than 4% in the Eurofighter program, for the design and development of wing pylons, twin missile and twin store carriers, ECM pods, carbon fiber structures and titanium engine cowlings.

After participating in the G-222 transport aircraft program, the company is involved in the new Military Transport Aircraft C-27J Spartan, for the production of outer wings.

Civil programs[edit]

Since the mid-1990s, Alenia Aermacchi has participated in programs for the supply of engine nacelles for civil aircraft. It produces cold parts for engine nacelles: inlets, fan cowls and EBU, the systems-to-engine interface. In 1999, the company established a joint venture (MHD) with Hurel-Dubois (presently Hurel-Hispano, of SNECMA group), a French company specializing in the development and manufacture of thrust reversers, to obtain the full responsibility for the development of nacelles installed on maximum 100-seat aircraft.

Aermacchi aircraft[edit]

World War I[edit]

Interwar[edit]

World War II[edit]

Post-World War II[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]