No. 459 Squadron RAAF
|No. 459 Squadron RAAF|
Members of 459 Squadron RAAF with one of the Squadron's Martin Baltimore aircraft in the Western Desert of Libya, 1944
|Active||10 February 1942 – 10 April 1945|
|Branch||Royal Australian Air Force|
|Part of||No 201 Group RAF, RAF Middle East Command|
|Motto||Death to the invaders|
|Disbanded||10 April 1945|
|Squadron Badge heraldry||A Scorpion (unofficial)|
|Squadron Codes||GK (Feb 1942–1943)
No 459 Squadron RAAF was a Royal Australian Air Force squadron during World War II. It served from 1942 as a maritime patrol and bomber unit in the mediterranean theatre of war until disbanded in 1945.
No 459 Squadron was formed at LG 39/Burg-el-Arab, Egypt on 10 February 1942 under the Empire Air Training Scheme. The Squadron was initially equipped with Lockheed Hudson and Bristol Blenheim aircraft and operated in the maritime reconnaissance role. During 1942 and early 1943 the Squadron operated against German shipping in the Mediterranean and sank a number of ships including a destroyer. In September 1943 the Squadron temporally changed roles to become a bomber unit. The Squadron was equipped with Lockheed Venturas from March to July 1944, when it was re-equipped with Martin Baltimore aircraft.
No 459 Squadron continued operating around the Greek islands until March 1945, when it was posted to the United Kingdom. No 459 Squadron shortly thereafter disbanded at RAF Chivenor, Devon on 10 April 1945.
|February 1942||May 1942||Bristol Blenheim||Mk.IV|
|March 1942||December 1942||Lockheed Hudson||Mk.III|
|July 1942||January 1944||Lockheed Hudson||Mk.IIIa|
|August 1943||April 1944||Lockheed Hudson||Mk.VI|
|September 1943||November 1943||Lockheed Hudson||Mk.V|
|December 1943||July 1944||Lockheed Ventura||Mk.V|
|July 1944||February 1945||Martin Baltimore||Mks.IV, V|
|March 1945||April 1945||Vickers Wellington||Mk.XIII|
|10 February 1942||14 May 1942||LG.39/Burg-el-Arab, Egypt||Dets. at LG.05/Sidi Barrani, Egypt and RAF Gambut, Libya|
|14 May 1942||30 June 1942||LG.40/Bahig South, Egypt|
|30 June 1942||10 September 1942||LG.208/LG Z'Mahsma, Egypt||Dets at LG.226/Gianaclis, Egypt; RAF St Jean, Palestine;
RAF Khormaksar, Aden; Scuscuiban;
RAF Socotra, Yemen; Gambut III, Libya;
LG 227/Gianaclis Satellite, Egypt
|28 November 1942||18 December 1942||LG.226/Gianaclis, Egypt||Dets at RAF Khormaksar, Aden; Scuscuiban;
Socotra, Yemen; Gambut III, Libya;
LG.227/Gianaclis Satellite, Egypt; Berka III, Libya
|18 December 1942||5 April 1944||LG.143/Gambut III, Libya||Dets at RAF Khormaksar, Aden; Berka III, Libya;
LG.227/Gianaclis Satellite, Egypt; RAF Nicosia, Cyprus;
LG.91, Egypt; LG.07/'Z'LG/Matruh West, Egypt;
RAF Lydda, Palestine; Gianaclis, Egypt;
RAF El Adem, Libya; RAF St Jean, Palestine
and RAF Ramat David, Palestine
|5 April 1944||15 May 1944||RAF Ramat David, Palestine|
|15 May 1944||9 August 1944||RAF St Jean, Palestine|
|9 August 1944||17 February 1945||Berka III, Libya||Det. at Mersa Matruh, Egypt|
|17 February 1945||25 February 1945||RAF Almaza (No 22 PTC), Egypt|
|25 February 1945||14 March 1945||en route to the UK|
|14 March 1945||10 April 1945||RAF Chivenor, Devon||Disbanded before becoming operational|
|10 February 1942||19 April 1942||Squadron Leader P.W. Howson (acting)|
|19 April 1942||15 September 1942||Wing Commander K.S. Hennock|
|15 September 1942||19 January 1943||Wing Commander P.W. Howson|
|19 January 1943||5 October 1943||Squadron Leader W. Allsopp|
|5 October 1943||9 November 1944||Wing Commander A.D. Henderson|
|9 November 1944||10 April 1945||Wing Commander C.E. Payne|
- Bowyer, Michael J.F.; Rawlings, John D.R. (1979). Squadron Codes, 1937–56. Cambridge, UK: Patrick Stephens. ISBN 0-85059-364-6.
- Delve, Ken (1994). The Source Book of the RAF. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing. ISBN 1-85310-451-5.
- Eather, Steve (1995). Flying Squadrons of the Australian Defence Force. Weston Creek, Australian Capital Territory: Aerospace Publications. ISBN 1-875671-15-3.
- Flintham, Vic; Thomas, Andrew (2003). Combat Codes: A Full Explanation and Listing of British, Commonwealth and Allied Air Force Unit Codes Since 1938. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing. ISBN 1-84037-281-8.
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- Jefford, C.G. (2001) . RAF Squadrons: A Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and Their Antecedents Since 1912 (2nd ed.). Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing. ISBN 1-85310-053-6.
- Kane-McGuire, Leon (2007). Desert Scorpions: A History of 459 Squadron RAAF, 1942–45. Loftus, New South Wales: Australian Military History Publications. ISBN 978-0-9803204-6-6.
- Rawlings, John D.R. (1982). Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and Their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.
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