Entry into Normanton
|LGA(s)||Shire of Carpentaria|
|State electorate(s)||Mount Isa|
Normanton is a small cattle town in the Gulf Country region of northwest Queensland, Australia, just south of the Gulf of Carpentaria, on the Norman River. The town's population is 1,100, 60 per cent of whom are Indigenous Australians. The town is one terminus of the isolated Normanton - Croydon Railway, which was built during gold rush days in the 1890s. The Gulflander motor train operates once a week.
Normanton is the administrative centre of Shire of Carpentaria. Among Normanton's most notable features is a statue of an 8.64 m long saltwater crocodile named Krys, the largest ever taken, which was shot by Krystina Pawlowska in July 1957 in the Norman River. Barramundi and salmon may also be caught in the river. The Big Barramundi, which is 6 m long is also located in the town.
The site for the town was selected because Burketown was abandoned owing to fever and flooding. Settlers moved into the town in 1867. Normanton attracted people from a variety of cultures, including Chinese drawn to the gold fields. The population reached 1,251 by 1891. The gold boom was short-lived. By 1947 the town's population had declined to 234.
Normanton has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- Burke and Wills Access Road (Private Road): Burke and Wills' Camp B/CXIX and Walker's Camp, Little Bynoe River
- Burke Developmental Road: Normanton Cemetery
- 27 Haigh Street: Normanton Gaol
- cnr Landsborough Street and Caroline Street: Burns Philp Building (former)
- Landsborough Street: Westpac Bank, Normanton
- Matilda Street: Normanton Railway Terminus
Like other Gulf communities the prawning industry makes an important economic contribution to the town. Tourism has recently become an important part of the economy of Normanton, with Gulflander an significant draw-card.
Normanton has a sports centre, golf course, bowling green, gun club, racecourse, rodeo ground, and an aerodrome. Normanton public library and visitor information services are located in the historic Burns Philp Building.
Six kilometres south of the town is the start of the Gulf Developmental Road, part of the Savannah Way tourist drive. The Normanton railway station features a large steel frame with an open canopy to provide shade.
Normanton has a tropical savanna climate with two distinct seasons. There is a hot, humid and extremely uncomfortable wet season from December to March and a hot and generally rainless dry season usually extending from April to November. During the wet season most roads in the area are usually closed by heavy rainfall, which on several occasions has exceeded 650 millimetres (26 in) in a month or 250 millimetres (10 in) in a day from tropical cyclones. On occasions, as with all of Queensland, the wet season may fail and deliver as little as 240 millimetres (9.4 in) between December 1934 and March 1935
Temperatures are uniformly hot, ranging from 36.8 °C (98 °F) in November just before the wet season begins to 29 °C (84 °F) at the height of the dry season in July. In the wet season, temperatures are marginally lower, but extremely high humidity means conditions are very uncomfortable and wet bulb temperatures averages 25 °C (77 °F) and can reach 28 °C (82 °F). In the dry season, lower humidity and extremely low cloudiness provides for rather less uncomfortable conditions.
|Climate data for Normanton Post Office, Queensland|
|Record high °C (°F)||43.1||41.0||40.1||39.5||37.2||35.6||35.6||38.3||40.1||41.8||43.3||43.3||43.3
|Average high °C (°F)||34.7||33.9||34.2||34.0||31.7||29.2||29.1||31.1||33.9||35.9||36.8||36.1||33.4|
|Average low °C (°F)||25.1||24.9||24.4||22.4||19.1||16.1||15.2||16.5||19.5||22.6||24.7||25.3||21.3|
|Record low °C (°F)||18.3||17.3||16.7||14.4||7.2||6.7||7.0||6.6||11.1||13.7||15.5||18.9||6.6
|Rainfall mm (inches)||260.2||249.2||157.7||30.9||7.5||9.2||3.2||1.7||3.0||10.5||45.1||144.4||—|
|Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)||13.9||13.9||9.4||2.4||0.9||0.7||0.5||0.3||0.4||1.3||4.4||9.0||—|
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Normanton (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
- Environmental Protection Agency (Queensland) (2002). Heritage Trails of the Queensland Outback. State of Queensland. p. 94. ISBN 0-7345-1040-3.
- "Death of a monster," The Australian, 25 November 2008
- "Big Barramundi". The Courier-Mail (News Queensland). Retrieved 11 December 2012.
- Cook, Penny (2006). Discover Queensland Heritage. Corinda, Queensland: Pictorial Press Australia. p. 18. ISBN 1876561424.
- "Travel: Normanton". Sydney Morning Herald (Fairfax Media). 8 February 2004. Retrieved 11 December 2012.
- Brian Williams (24 October 2011). "Queensland's earliest surviving Burns Philp store at Normanton, Gulf of Carpentaria, to be heritage-listed". The Courier Mail (News Queensland). Retrieved 11 December 2012.
- "Burke and Wills' Camp B/CXIX and Walker's Camp, Little Bynoe River (entry 16977)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07.
- "Normanton Cemetery (entry 16894)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07.
- "Normanton Gaol (entry 16264)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07.
- "Burns Philp Building (former) (entry 22361)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07.
- "Westpac Bank, Normanton (entry 15169)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07.
- "Normanton Railway Terminus (entry 15170)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07.
- "Normanton". Centre for the Government of Queensland. Retrieved 17 January 2011.
- Monthly Rainfall: Normanton Post Office
- Climate statistics for Australian locations - Normanton Post Office (1872-2001)