North Powder, Oregon

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North Powder, Oregon
City
Building in downtown North Powder
Building in downtown North Powder
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 45°1′48″N 117°55′15″W / 45.03000°N 117.92083°W / 45.03000; -117.92083Coordinates: 45°1′48″N 117°55′15″W / 45.03000°N 117.92083°W / 45.03000; -117.92083
Country United States
State Oregon
County Union
Incorporated 1903
Government
 • Mayor Bonita Hebert
Area[1]
 • Total 0.64 sq mi (1.66 km2)
 • Land 0.64 sq mi (1.66 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 3,256 ft (992.43 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 439
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 440
 • Density 685.9/sq mi (264.8/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97867
Area code(s) 541
FIPS code 41-53300[4]
GNIS feature ID 1124835[5]

North Powder is a city in Union County, Oregon, United States. The population was 439 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

North Powder was platted in 1885 or 1886 along the Oregon Railway and Navigation Company rail line, having been a stage stop before then.[6]

David Eccles, a Mormon businessman, created the Hall Brothers Lumber Company in the town once the railway arrived.[7]

North Powder prospered because it had an icehouse that supplied the refrigerator cars of Pacific Fruit Express until the icehouse burned down in the 1930s.[6]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.64 square miles (1.66 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 439 people, 184 households, and 111 families residing in the city. The population density was 685.9 inhabitants per square mile (264.8/km2). There were 214 housing units at an average density of 334.4 per square mile (129.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.5% White, 0.5% African American, 1.6% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 2.3% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.9% of the population.

There were 184 households of which 27.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.7% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.10.

The median age in the city was 43.1 years. 26.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 3.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.2% were from 25 to 44; 31.4% were from 45 to 64; and 17.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.1% male and 51.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 489 people, 184 households, and 130 families residing in the city. The population density was 797.7 people per square mile (309.5/km²). There were 209 housing units at an average density of 340.9 per square mile (132.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.32% White, 0.61% African American, 0.61% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.20% Pacific Islander, and 1.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.07% of the population.

There were 184 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.5% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.3% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the city the population was spread out with 30.3% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $24,167, and the median income for a family was $27,188. Males had a median income of $27,500 versus $19,063 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,231. About 22.1% of families and 25.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.6% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

Climate[edit]

This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, North Powder has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ a b Bailey, Barbara Ruth (1982). Main Street: Northeastern Oregon. Oregon Historical Society. pp. 46, 70. ISBN 0-87595-073-6. 
  7. ^ Deumling, Dietrich (May 1972). The roles of the railroad in the development of the Grande Ronde Valley (masters thesis). Flagstaff, Arizona: Northern Arizona University. pp. 51–52. OCLC 4383986. 
  8. ^ 'Former Grandview Legislator Margaret Rayburn Dies,' Yakima Herald Republic (Washington state), David Lester, May 17, 2013
  9. ^ Climate Summary for North Powder, Oregon

External links[edit]