North Union Township, Fayette County, Pennsylvania
|North Union Township|
The Summit Hotel atop Chestnut Ridge
|Area||37.8 sq mi (98 km2)|
|Density||365.4 / sq mi (141 / km2)|
|Established||May 11, 1851|
|- summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-5)|
North Union Township was formed from Union Township in 1851.
Union Township was created in 1783, one of Fayette County's original townships. The borough of Uniontown was taken from it in 1796, and a part of Wharton Township was added to it in 1802. In 1851 Union Township was split along the National Road into North Union and South Union townships. A portion of Franklin Township was added to North Union in 1872.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 38.7 square miles (100.3 km²), of which, 38.7 square miles (100.2 km²) of it is land and 0.03% is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 14,140 people, 5,805 households, and 3,999 families residing in the township. The population density was 365.4 people per square mile (141.1/km²). There were 6,234 housing units at an average density of 161.1/sq mi (62.2/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 96.32% White, 2.60% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.11% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.42% of the population.
There were 5,805 households out of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. 28.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.91.
In the township the population was spread out with 21.7% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 90.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.6 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $25,153, and the median income for a family was $33,031. Males had a median income of $27,414 versus $20,695 for females. The per capita income for the township was $14,265. About 15.7% of families and 19.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.2% of those under age 18 and 14.5% of those age 65 or over.
Near the village of Oliver is the smallest of Uniontown's three shopping districts.
Penn State Fayette, a small branch campus of the university system, is located in North Union Township. The college offers two-year degrees and many starter programs for four-year majors, although most four-year degrees must be finished at the main campus.
The township's northern edge is where the French and Indian War began on May 28, 1754. George Washington and Virginia militiamen, fighting along with the Indian chief Tanacharison and his friendly tribesmen, routed the French in the controversial Battle of Jumonville Glen, near the present village of Jumonville.
- Ellis, Franklin (1882). History of Fayette County, Pennsylvania. Philadelphia: L.H. Everts & Co. pp. 669–670, 677.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.