Cumberland, officially the City of Cumberland, is a western gateway city in the central neck of Maryland athwart only one of five navigable land routes west over the Allegheny Mountains and past the formidable barrier of the Allegheny Front escarpment, serving as an entry into the mid-west of the United States and through the Cumberland Narrows pass from the western slopes of the Alleghenies complex Geostructure up to the Allegheny Plateau. As such it served as a historical outfitting and staging point for westward emigrant trail migrations throughout the first half of the 1800s, allowing the settlement of the Ohio Country and the lands of the Louisiana Purchase, after the American Revolution.
It is the county seat of Allegany County, and the primary city of the Cumberland, MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area. The Cumberland, MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area is one of the poorest in the United States, ranking 305th out of 318 metropolitan areas in per capita income. At the 2010 census, the city had a population of 20,859, and the metropolitan area had a population of 103,299. Cumberland is a regional business and commercial center for Western Maryland and the Potomac Highlands of West Virginia. Historically Cumberland was known as the "Queen City," as it was once Maryland's second largest city. Cumberland Maryland is often referred to as "Where the South Begins."
- 1 Demographics
- 2 Geography
- 3 History
- 4 Education
- 5 Employers
- 6 Hospitals
- 7 Utilities
- 8 Government and infrastructure
- 9 Transportation
- 10 Local media
- 11 Tourism
- 12 Annual and seasonal events
- 13 Architecture
- 14 Sister cities
- 15 Notable people
- 16 Notes
- 17 References
- 18 External links
The median household income $25,142, and the median family income was $34,500. Males had a median income of $29,484 versus $20,004 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,813. About 15.3% of families and 19.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.4% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over. The Cumberland, MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area ranked 305th out of 318 metropolitan areas in per capita income.
In 2007, The Baltimore Sun newspaper, citing the National Association of Realtors figures on home prices, stated that while most areas were then stagnant, Cumberland home prices were rising by more than 17%, the highest in the country.
- Population trends
Population decline from 1950–1990 was due to a string of industrial plant closures. Unable or unwilling to meet union demands, plants such as Pittsburgh Plate Glass, Allegany Munitions and Celanese closed down and relocated. The 1987 closure of the Kelly Springfield Tire Plant marked a turning point, as the last major manufacturing plant in the city limits to close its doors.
The population of the city has continued to decline since 1990, with the 2010 census population of 20,859 the lowest since the 1900 census.
- For 1870–1960: Allegany County data Historical Census Browser[dead link]
- For 1930–2000: See Geostat Center Collection: County and City Data Books (1930-2000)
- For 1830–1873: See Lowdermilk
- For 1900–1920: See Maryland Manual, 1928, Volume 144, page 202
As of the census of 2010, there were 20,859 people, 9,223 households, and 4,982 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,069.3 inhabitants per square mile (799.0 /km2). There were 10,914 housing units at an average density of 1,082.7 per square mile (418.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.4% White, 6.4% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.
There were 9,223 households of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.0% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 46.0% were non-families. 38.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.89.
The median age in the city was 41.4 years. 20.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.1% were from 25 to 44; 26.2% were from 45 to 64; and 19.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.0% male and 53.0% female.
At the 2000 census, there were 21,518 people, 9,538 households and 5,436 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,372.7 per square mile (916.0/km2). There were 11,143 housing units at an average density of 1,228.7 per square mile (474.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.54% White, 5.06% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 1.24% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.70% of the population.
There were 9,538 households, of which 25.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.7% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.0% were non-families. 37.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.90.
City residents have an older demographic profile than the U.S. generally. 22.7% is under the age of 18, 8.2% is from 18 to 24, 25.1% is from 25 to 44, 23.3% is from 45 to 64, and 20.7% is 65 years of age or older. The median age is 41 years compared to a U.S. average of 35.3. Females outnumber males. For every 100 females there are 86.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.3 males.
According to the 2000 Census, educational achievement levels of the city residents lag behind those of Allegany County and the state of Maryland. High school diploma attainment figures for residents 25 years of age and older were lower than the state average (83.8%), with Allegany County at 79.9% and Cumberland at 79.3%. Furthermore, only 13.0% of city residents 25 years of age and older held at least an undergraduate degree. The comparable figures for Allegany County and Maryland residents were 14.1% and 31.4% respectively.
Cumberland is located in the Ridge and Valley physiographic province of the Appalachian Mountains at (39.647687, −78.762869), at the junction of the North Branch of the Potomac River and Wills Creek. Interstate 68 runs through the city in an east/west direction, as does Alternate U.S. 40, the Old National Road. U.S. Highway 220 runs north/south. The majority of the land within the city lies in a valley created by the junction of these two streams. Parts of Wills Mountain, Haystack Mountain, and Shriver Ridge are also within the city limits.
The abandoned Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, now the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park, has its western terminus in Cumberland. The canal's towpath is still maintained, allowing travel by foot or bicycle between Cumberland and Washington, D.C., a distance of about 185 miles (298 km). In recent years a separate trail/path extension called the Great Allegheny Passage has been developed that eventually leads to Pittsburgh as its western terminus. Cumberland is the only city outside of the Pittsburgh and DC metro areas with at least 20,000 residents that lies on the combined 300+ mile stretch.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.15 square miles (26.29 km2), of which, 10.08 square miles (26.11 km2) is land and 0.07 square miles (0.18 km2) is water.
Cumberland was the terminus, and namesake, of the Cumberland Road (begun in 1811) that extended westward to the Ohio River at Wheeling, West Virginia, the first portion of the National Road which eventually reached Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois.
Cumberland lies at the beginning of the transition from a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) to a humid continental climate (Dfa), experiencing temperatures significantly lower than the central and eastern part of Maryland, mostly in the form of depressed nighttime lows. The region experiences four distinct seasons, with hot, humid summers, and moderate winters (compared to surrounding communities, Cumberland is blessed with milder winters and little snow). Monthly daily mean temperatures range from 31.9 °F (−0.1 °C) in January to 76.8 °F (24.9 °C) in July, with temperatures exceeding 90 °F (32 °C) on 34.5 days of the year and dipping to 10 °F (−12 °C) or below on 7 nights per winter. Average seasonal snowfall totals 30.3 inches (77 cm). The record high is 109 °F (43 °C) set in July 1936 and August 1918, both of which are state record highs, while the record low is −17 °F (−27 °C) set in February 1899.
|Climate data for Cumberland, Maryland, 1981−2010 normals|
|Average high °F (°C)||41.4
|Average low °F (°C)||22.4
|Precipitation inches (mm)||2.66
|Snowfall inches (cm)||10.2
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||11.6||9.9||11.2||11.6||13.3||11.1||10.6||9.5||9.2||8.6||9.6||10.6||126.8|
|Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||3.7||3.1||2.0||.1||0||0||0||0||0||0||.4||1.9||11.2|
Nearby cities and towns
All of the following cities are in Maryland, unless otherwise noted, and are in order of distance.
Cumberland is located at the eastern entrance to the Cumberland Narrows (or simply "The Narrows"), a water gap along Wills Creek that crosses the central ridge of the Wills Mountain Anticline at a low elevation between Wills Mountain to the north and Haystack Mountain to the south. Cliffs and talus of the two mountains' Tuscarora quartzite caprock are prominent within the Narrows. These geological features provide Cumberland a western backdrop of the two mountains and the narrow gap between them.
The Cumberland Narrows acts as a western gateway from Cumberland to the Appalachian Plateau and the Ohio River Valley beyond. The Old National Road, now Alternate U.S. 40, passes through the Narrows, along with the former Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's main line between Baltimore/Washington and Pittsburgh, now part of the CSX system, and a former line of the Western Maryland Railroad, now used by the steam- and diesel-powered excursion trains of the Western Maryland Scenic Railroad.
A prominent rocky outcropping at the south end of Wills Mountain in the Cumberland Narrows is known as Lover's Leap.
Cumberland is named after the son of King George II, Prince William, the Duke of Cumberland. It is built on the site of the old Fort Cumberland, the starting point for British General Edward Braddock's ill-fated attack on the French stronghold of Fort Duquesne (located on the site of present-day Pittsburgh) during the French and Indian War. (See Braddock expedition.)
Cumberland was also an outpost of Colonel George Washington during the French and Indian War and his first military headquarters was built here. Washington later returned to Cumberland as President in 1794 to review troops that had been assembled to thwart the Whiskey Rebellion.
Cumberland was a key road, railroad and canal junction during the 19th century and at one time the second largest city in Maryland (second to the port city of Baltimore — hence its nickname "The Queen City"). The surrounding hillsides provided coal, iron ore and timber that helped supply the Industrial Revolution. In addition, the city was a major manufacturing center, with industries in glass, breweries, fabrics and tinplate. However, following World War II, it began to lose much of its industrial importance and its population declined from 39,483 in the 1940 census to fewer than 22,000 today.
The offices of Allegany County Public Schools are located in Cumberland. ACPS compete in a number of academic competitions for students, including the Stock Market Game, Science Olympiad, Science Fair, Spell-A-Thon, Maryland Facts Quiz Bowl, the National Children's Creative Writing Contest Elementary and Middle School Spectra Quiz Bowl, Math Counts, Mock Trial Teams, Secretarial Science Contest Scripps-Howard Spelling Bee, Voice of Democracy, and the Maryland Science Quest.
Athletic programs also abound, with competition in everything from football, soccer, baseball, volleyball and track to tennis, bowling, wrestling and golf.
Area colleges and universities
All of those listed are within a short drive from Cumberland, though only one is located in Cumberland itself.
- Allegany College of Maryland (Cumberland and Bedford & Somerset, Pennsylvania)
- Robert C. Byrd Institute (Rocket Center, West Virginia)
- Frostburg State University (Frostburg, Maryland)
- Potomac State College of West Virginia University (Keyser, West Virginia)
- Garrett College (McHenry, Maryland)
Approximately 39,000 people hold library cards in Allegany County ("Most citizens give libraries high grades", Cumberland Times News, October 10, 2006). Regional Libraries include:
- Washington Street Library
- Frostburg Public Library
- Lavale Public Library
- South Cumberland Public Library, Allegany County
- Westernport Public Library, Allegany County
- Lewis J. Ort Library (Frostburg State University)
- Allegany College Library
- Western Maryland Public Library System[dead link]
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (January 2013)|
Significant city employers include:
- Western Maryland Health System, which employs approximately 2,300 people, making it Cumberland's largest employer.
- Allegany County government.
- CSX: Located 177 miles (285 km) west of Baltimore, Md., the Cumberland Locomotive Maintenance Facility is a vital point on CSX's Chicago to Baltimore mainline. It employs 273 people at Cumberland shops and 600 men and women in Cumberland.
- Allegany College of Maryland employs approximately 800 people.
- City of Cumberland, employing approximately 300 people.
- Hunter Douglas: a 378,000-square-foot (35,100 m2) facility, with 580 plus employees, which makes this location the largest Hunter Douglas fabrication plant in the world. The company is Allegany County's sixth largest employer.
- Western Correctional Institution State Prison, employs 550 people; a number of other people are employed at the Federal Prison and the new Maximum Security Prison all in close proximity to Cumberland
- Ray Of Hope, Inc. an organization that provides assisted living units for mentally and physically handicapped adults for over 20 years.
South of the city on U.S. 220 is the Barton Business Park, situated on land purchased by the county in 2002 to additional businesses to the area and intended largely as manufacturing space for DoD contractors
Water and sewer service is supplied by the City of Cumberland. The municipal watershed is located to the north within the State of Pennsylvania. Water is drawn from two lakes on city land, Gordon and Koon. Electricity service is supplied by the Potomac Edison Company, which is a unit of FirstEnergy, while natural gas service is supplied by Columbia Gas of Maryland. There was once a working oil well that pumped crude oil from a location near the Fruit Bowl in the Cumberland Narrows.
Government and infrastructure
Mayor and City Council
The Mayor and City Council of Cumberland form a part-time government, which only meets on the 1st and 3rd Tuesday of the month in Months 2,4,6,8,10,12 and the 2nd and 4th Tuesday the rest of the year. The current mayor is Brian Grim. The current city council members are Nicole Wagoner, David Kauffman, David Caporale, and Nicholas Scarpelli.
The city is primarily policed by the Cumberland Police Department (CPD). The CPD is a full-service agency consisting of a patrol section, detective bureau, specialized services, and other services. It is occasionally aided by the Maryland State Police and the Allegany County Sheriff's Office as directed by authority.
The Cumberland Police Department was founded by an act of legislation in March 1852. In 1907, Officer August Baker was killed by gunfire while trying to apprehend a drunk and disorderly William Burns from an area that is now known as South Wineow Street. Subsequently, after the officer's death, an angry mob broke Burns out of jail using a telephone pole. After gaining entry into the jail, the mob beat the murder suspect, Burns, almost to death. They then dragged him into the street, and shot him twelve times to death. In 2009, the CPD was involved in the investigation of a local homicide, which is uncommon for the area. The suspect was investigated by CPD C3I detectives and ultimately plead guilty to the first-degree murder. In February 2010, the CPD in conjunction with C3I investigated a double-homicide that garnered state-wide attention.
The Cumberland Police Department is currently led by Chief Charles H. Hinnant, who is assisted by one Captain and five Lieutenants. The CPD is a progressive department and has a diverse Specialized Unit Section with the following teams:
- K-9 Unit
- Bicycle Patrol
- Motorcycle Patrol
- Cumberland Emergency Response Team (CERT)
- Combined County Criminal Investigation Unit (C3I)
- School Resources C3I Narcotics Task Force
- Honor Guard
The North Branch Correctional Institution, operated by the Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services, is located in unincorporated Allegany County, near Cumberland. The prison began housing male death row inmates, who were moved from the Maryland Correctional Adjustment Center, in June 2010.
Cumberland is Represented by 1 Democrat in the House of Delegates by the name of Kevin Kelly and 1 Republican in the House of Delegates by name of Leroy Myers. Cumberland is also represented in the State Senate by a Republican by the name of George Edwards.
Cumberland is represented in the US House of Representatives by John Delaney (D). Cumberland is deep inside of the Maryland 6th Congressional District. In the US Senate, Cumberland is Represented Democrats Barbara Mikulski and Ben Cardin.
The City of Cumberland is run on a non-partisan system of government that was adopted in the early 1980s by voter approval. Prior to the early 1980s Cumberland elected its government by political parties. The government is also a weak-mayor form of government. Day-to-day operations are headed by a full-time City Administrator, a system that was implemented by the old partisan Mayor and City Council in 1979. As of July 20, 2011 Jeff Rhodes was acting City Administrator.
Within the city
The primary public transportation in the City of Cumberland is bus service provided by Allegany County Transit. This service consists of five scheduled routes that reach most areas of the City and providing access to most public facilities; however, service only runs weekdays from about 10 AM to 5 PM with routes running at frequency of less than hourly. The bus depot is located in the South End to the west of Virginia Avenue on Lafayette Avenue. The Allegany County Transit Authority also serves LaVale, Frostburg, and Cresaptown.
Cumberland's roadway system consists of a series of interconnected grids defined by natural and man-made barriers including steep slopes, the Potomac River, Wills Creek, rail lines, and I-68. Originally developed for a larger population than currently lives in Cumberland, the overall system is generally adequate to accommodate existing levels of traffic. Major highway arteries serving the Cumberland area include:
Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides intercity service to Cumberland via the Capitol Limited, which runs between Washington, D.C., and Chicago, Illinois. The Cumberland Amtrak Station is located downtown at Queen City Drive and East Harrison Street.
Cumberland is almost equidistant from four major airports: Washington National Airport, Dulles International Airport, Baltimore Washington International Airport, and Pittsburgh International Airport, all of which are at least two and one-half hours by car from the city. The Greater Cumberland Regional Airport (Airport-ID: CBE) provides local air transportation to the Cumberland area. The airport is located in West Virginia, to the south of the Potomac River, which forms the boundary between the City of Cumberland and Mineral County, West Virginia. Formerly owned by the City of Cumberland, the airport is now owned and operated by a bi-state intergovernmental airport authority whose members are four representatives from West Virginia and five from Maryland. In addition, Mexico Farms Airport (Airport-ID: 1W3) is also located in Cumberland.
The Cumberland Times-News is the area's daily newspaper. Cumberland has several media outlets; most carry some form of satellite programming. WCBC-AM and WFRB-FM have some local news content, but do not actively collect it. The closest public radio station is WFWM, Frostburg, MD. Allegany Magazine is a recent media addition.
Aside from some local news programming, virtually no mass media content originates from Cumberland. The local media tends to re-broadcast Hagerstown and Washington, D.C. television stations for news coverage.
Cable customers of Cumberland mainly receive service from Atlantic Broadband. Cumberland's Atlantic Broadband customers receive two NBC affiliates, WJAC-TV from Johnstown, PA and WHAG-TV from Hagerstown, MD. ABB customers also receive three CBS affiliates: WTAJ-TV from Altoona, PA, WJZ-TV from Baltimore, MD, and WUSA (TV) from Washington, DC. ABB customers can also receive two Fox affiliates, WTTG-TV from Washington, DC and WWCP-TV from Altoona, PA, as well as one ABC affiliate, WJLA-TV from Rosslyn, VA.
Tourist attractions in the area include:
- Western Maryland Scenic Railroad
- Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park Terminus at Canal Place
- Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park Towpath
- Allegheny Highlands Trail of Maryland
- Allegany Arts Council
- Rocky Gap State Park
- Cumberland Narrows along Wills Creek, on Alternate U.S. 40
- New Embassy Theater
- Queen City Creamery, stated by the Travel Channel to have "Maryland's best frozen custard."
Annual and seasonal events
- Heritage Day Festival, Washington St. (Mid June)
- Farmer's Market, every Saturday downtown (From June to November)
- Sunday in the Park: free concerts every Sunday evening in Constitution Park Amphitheater in South Cumberland, sponsored by the Allegany Arts Council. (From May to September)
- Canal/Rail Fest, located at Canal Place (mid July)
- Allegany County Fair and Expo (mid July)
- Homecoming: ALCO v. FHS: First or second weekend before Thanksgiving at Greenway Ave Stadium. Homecoming is the final regular season football game for Cumberland's two public high schools Allegany High School and Fort Hill High School. Attendance at the game averages between 8,000 - 10,000 (approximately one-half of the population of the city).
- Tri-State Concert Series concerts throughout the year from the golden age of rock-n-roll, swing, and big-band as well as popular country and choral music.
- Western Maryland Street Rod Roundup: Over 1000 pre-1949 street rods featuring rod jousting, crafts, food, entertainment, parts vendors, vote for your favorite car. Allegany County Fairgrounds (Labor Day Weekend)
- Annual Tree Lighting Ceremony and Open-House: This event centers around the annual lighting of the City Christmas Tree in the heart of Downtown Cumberland where streets filled with Cumberland residents come to see the mayor throw the switch on the tree and participate in the sights, sounds and joy of the holiday season. During the event there are several live musical performances at prominent businesses in the city center, including holiday choral and jazz vocal performances; as well as, galleries exhibiting local artists, including ceramics, photography, metal sculpture, jewelry and water color. (First day after Thanksgiving, a.k.a. Black Friday)
- "The Ball Drop" every New Year's Eve in Downtown Cumberland.
- Bluegrass Jam Session: Every Sunday evening at the Queen City Creamery from 4:00 pm to 8:00 pm or later. Free admission.
- The Great Allegany Run: Every October. 15K run from Mount Savage, Maryland to Downtown Cumberland; 5K run in Cumberland; 2-mile (3.2 km) walk on C&O Canal; and Kids' Run.
- Halloween Parade: Every October in South Cumberland.
- Homecoming Parade: Every November in downtown Cumberland.
- "Firemans Sportsman Bash
Some of Cumberland's most architecturally significant homes are located in the Washington Street Historic District. Considered the elite residential area when the city was at its economic peak, Washington Street was home to the region's leading citizens including the president of the C&O Canal. Significant public buildings include the Allegany County Courthouse, Allegany County Library, and Emmanuel Episcopal Church, located on the site of Fort Cumberland. It features Gothic Revival architecture with three large Tiffany windows, fort tunnels, and ammunition magazine cellars.
The Queen City Hotel was built by the B&O during the 1870s. The battle to preserve it was lost when the building was demolished in 1972.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (January 2013)|
- Rob Breedlove (born 1938) former American Football linebacker who played eight seasons in the National Football League with the Washington Redskins and the Pittsburgh Steelers from 1960 to 1967
- Earle Bruce American football player and coach
- Wright Butler architect of Allegany Courthouse
- Kia Corthron (born 1961) playwright, screenwriter, attended Allegany High School
- James Deetz (1930–2000) father of historical archeology
- Eddie Deezen (born 1958) comic actor
- John Michael Greer, noted occult scholar, peak oil blogger, and philosopher
- Patrick Hamill (1817–1895), U.S. Congressman for Maryland's 4th District 1869-1871, buried in Odd Fellow's Cemetery
- Drew Hankinson (born 1983), wrestles for the TNA IMPACT Wrestling as DOC, and formerly with World Wrestling Entertainment as Festus/Luke Gallows
- Christopher Hastings (born 1983), comic artist and creator of The Adventures of Dr. McNinja, set primarily in a fictional version of Cumberland
- Tom Hull (born 1952) former American football linebacker who played two seasons in the National Football League with the San Francisco 49ers and the Green Bay Packers in 1974 and 1975
- William H. Macy (born 1950) actor, attended Allegany High School. While at Allegany High School William was a junior and senior class president of his graduating class.
- Mark Manges (born 1956) quarterback for the University of Maryland, College Park (1974–77), appeared on the cover of Sports Illustrated magazine Oct 1976 issue
- John Van Lear McMahon (1800–1871) Maryland legislature and historian
- Kelly L. Moran (born 1960) author of the book Shelley Chintz which was published in 2001 ISBN 0-9676925-0-4. Designer/Builder of the Stone Cottage. Attended Bruce High School.
- Sam Perlozzo (born 1951) former Major League Baseball player and former manager of the Baltimore Orioles (2005–2007) attended Bishop Walsh High School
- Bruce Price (1845–1903) architect of Cumberland Emmanuel Church
- Casper R. Taylor, Jr (born 1934), Member of House of Delegates 1975–2003, Speaker of House 1994–2003
- George L. Wellington (1852–1927) United States Senator
- Steve Whiteman: Singer of 80s metal band KIX
- Jane Frazier lived in a log house built in 1754 just beyond the Cumberland city limits. It was while returning to her home from the Fort Cumberland Trading Post several miles away that Jane was captured by Indians and taken to the Great Miami River in Ohio. A Frazier family member later wrote a book about the incident call "Red Morning"
- Indian Will, a well-known Native American who lived in a former settlement of the Shawnee Indians at the site of present day Cumberland, Maryland in the 18th century. Both Wills Creek and Wills Mountain are named after him.
- Frederick John Bahr (1837–1885) an immigrant from Baden, Germany, who bought Wills Mountain including the narrows and Lovers Leap to avoid the encroachment of the Civil War and settled there with his family in a cabin on the top of the mountain.
- J. V. Cunningham (1911–1985). poet, writer, and professor for Stanford University. Born in Cumberland. (See Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Poetry, page 110)
- Edward Otho Cresap Ord (1818–1883). Born in Cumberland. He was the designer of Fort Sam Houston, and a U.S. Army officer who saw action in the Seminole War, the Indian Wars, and the American Civil War
- Samuel Magill, established the first newspaper in Cumberland the Allegany Freeman published weekly from 1813 to 1816 (See Lowdermilk, page 301)
- Francis Xavier Seelos (1819–1867), pastor of SS. Peter & Paul's Catholic Church 1857–1862, beatified by the Vatican in 2000 (final stage of canonization process)
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-26.
- Dataplace: Cumberland, MD-WV MAS
- 'Local area personal income[dead link]', 1998-2000', Bureau of Economic Analysis, republished by HighBeam Encyclopia, 2002.
- Special Report: Best Places For Business And Careers, Forbes, April 2007.
- The Baltimore Sun, 29 June 2007
- Washington Post Real Estate section, 14 July 2007
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Bird's Eye View of Cumberland, Maryland 1906". World Digital Library. 1906. Retrieved 2013-07-22.
- "Station Name: MD CUMBERLAND 2". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-03-14.
- "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2012-12-17.
- All distances from urban core of Cumberland were calculated by http://maps.google.com, 2007
- All Abroad for Cumberland: Cumberland History
- Parts of this article are copied from the Cumberland History, a National Park Service website whose contents are in the public domain.
- (6 March 2002). Cumberland takes steps to get businesses, jobs, Daily Record (Baltimore)
- City of Cumberland: Public Works Department[dead link]
- "Mayor & Council". City of Cumberland, Maryland. Retrieved 2011-01-09.
- Cumberland Times-News - Plaque to honor fallen city police officer
- Patrolman August Baker, Cumberland Police Department, Maryland
- [dead link]
- [dead link]
- Baltimore Sun
- [dead link]
- [dead link]
- "North Branch Correctional Institution." North Branch Correctional Institution. Retrieved on September 22, 2010.
- Calvert, Scott and Kate Smith. "Death row inmates transferred to W. Maryland." The Baltimore Sun. June 25, 2010. Retrieved on September 22, 2010.
- Elaine Blaisdell (July 20, 2011). "No job listing for administrator position, yet". Cumberland Times-News. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
- All Aboard For Cumberland: Washington Street
- "Mayor and City Council Year 2000 Minutes". City of Cumberland, MD. July 11, 2000. Retrieved 2007-07-07.[dead link]
- "Cumberland Establishes Sister City In Estonia". Cumberland Times-News. June 20, 2013. Retrieved 2013-06-21.
- Sims, Chris (August 15, 2012). "Christopher Hastings on 'The Adventures of Dr. McNinja: Timefist' [Interview]". Comics Alliance. Retrieved October 17, 2013.
- Will H. Lowdermilk, History of Cumberland, first published 1878, reprinted by Clearfield Co., October 1997, Paperback, ISBN 0-8063-7983-9. Full Text Online
- Amanda Paul, Tom Robertson, Joe Weaver, Cumberland, Arcadia Publishing, Copyright Oct 1, 2003, Paperback, ISBN 0-7385-1498-5
- Joseph H Weaver, Cumberland, 1787-1987: A Bicentennial History, Published by the City of Cumberland and the Cumberland Bicentennial Committee, January 1, 1987, ASIN B0007165K6
- Mike High, The C&O Canal Companion, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8018-6602-2
- Mark D. Sabatke, Discovering The C&O Canal, Schreiber Publishing, 2003, ISBN 1-887563-67-9
- Allan Powell, Fort Cumberland, Publisher Allan R Powell, 1989, ISBN 0-9619995-2-7
- Albert L Feldstein, Feldstein's Historic postcard album of Allegany County, Commercial Press Print. Co, 1984, ASIN B0006YQW5C
- Albert L. Feldstein, Feldstein's Historic Coal Mining and Railroads of Allegany County, Maryland, Publisher Albert L Feldstein, 2000, ISBN 0-9701605-0-X (This book consists of 135 historic Allegany County, Maryland coal mining and railroad related photographs. These are primarily from the early 20th century. Accompanying each depiction is a historical narrative with facts, figures, dates and other information. Included within this number are 23 biographies of individuals associated with the history of coal mining in the region.)
- Albert L. Feldstein, Allegany County (Images of America: Maryland), Arcadia Publishing, 2006, ISBN 0-7385-4381-0 (features Allegany's towns and communities, downtown business scenes, residential areas, industries, historic buildings, churches, schools, hospitals, floods, parades, coal mining, railroad stations, and historic and natural landmarks. In some cases, the personal messages sent on the back of the postcards are included.)
- Census of population and housing (2000): Maryland Summary Social, Economic, and Housing Summary, DIANE Publishing, ISBN 1-4289-8582-4
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- Cumberland, Maryland municipal government
- Downtown Cumberland, Maryland
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Cumberland US Geological Survey
- Cumberland, Maryland at the Open Directory Project