Olmaliq

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For other uses, see Almalyk (disambiguation).
Olmaliq
Олмалиқ (Uzbek)
Алмалык (Russian)
Town
Olmaliq is located in Uzbekistan
Olmaliq
Olmaliq
Location in Uzbekistan
Coordinates: 40°51′N 69°36′E / 40.850°N 69.600°E / 40.850; 69.600
Country  Uzbekistan
Province Tashkent Province
City status 1951
Elevation 530 m (1,740 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 112,078
Time zone UZT (UTC+5)
Postal code 110103
Area code(s) (+988) 7161
Vehicle registration 10

Olmaliq also spelled as Almalyk (Uzbek: Olmaliq / Олмалиқ; Russian: Алмалык) is a city (2004 pop est 138,000) in the Tashkent Province of central Uzbekistan, approximately 65 km east of Tashkent. It is located at latitude 40° 50' 41N; longitude 69° 35' 54E; at an altitude of 585 meters.

Almalyk is a company town developed by the Soviet Union in the 1930s, to exploit local reserves of copper, lead, zinc, gold, silver and barite. The town contains several enormous smelting facilities and related industries operated today by JSC Almalyk MMC, one of the largest mining-metallurgical enterprises in Uzbekistan.

The smelter operations have extensively contaminated Almalyk, which is considered one of the most polluted places on earth. The air has high concentrations of sulphuric acid fumes and the ground has hundreds of tons of toxic waste. The Uzbek government has resisted calls to close the plant, arguing that the country's economy cannot afford to do so: The plant employs around 25,000 residents of the city, and accounts for a substantial share of the region's economy. However, in January 2005 the government announced plans to clean up the area, with a target of 2010.

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Coordinates: 40°51′N 69°36′E / 40.850°N 69.600°E / 40.850; 69.600