Order of the Eagle of Este

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Order of the Eagle of Este
Ordine dell'Aquila Estense
Voor-en achterzijde van de Orde van de Adelaar van Este.jpg
Order's medall
Awarded by Flag of the Duchy of Modena.svg Duchy of Modena and Reggio
Type Chivalric order with three degrees
Motto PROXIMA SOLI
Awarded for Faithful civilians and officers and distinguished foreigners
Status former order
First Grand Master Francis V, Duke of Modena
Grades (w/ post-nominals) Grand Cross
Commander
Knight
Statistics
Established 27 december 1855
Precedence
Next (higher) None (highest)
Next (lower) Cross of Seniority of Service
Ord.Estense.png
Ribbon bar of the Order

The Order of the Eagle of Este was a knighthood order of the Duchy of Modena and Reggio, former sovereign state before the Italian unification.

The Order was instituted on 27 December 1855 by Francis V of Modena, Duke of Modena & Reggio, to reward the services and the merits of faithful civilians and officers. The order was established under the protection (patronage) of Saint Contardo of Este, a founder's ancestor in maternal line (House of Este) & protector of Modena.[1]

Grades[edit]

The ordine was divided in three classes:

  • Grand Cross
  • Commander
  • Knight

The number of Grand Crosses was established to a maximum of ten, the Commander couldn't surpass twenty members & the Knights could be maximum sixty. The foreigners appointed into the Order were counted as supernumerary knights.

All grants were awarding personal nobility which, if mentioned in the letter-patent, could also be hereditary.

The "Royal Parish of the Court" served as Church of the Order.

Divisa.Ord.AquilaEstense.png
Ord.Estense.png
Knight
Ord.Estense.png
Commander
Ord.Estense.png
Grand Cross

The insignia[edit]

The medal of the order consisted of a white-enameled cross border of "overseas azure" and subdivided in eight "golden-balls" points. In the middle, an azure shield with a white eagle in its center, antique symbol of the Este. In the superior part of the shield, one can read the motto PROXIMA SOLI, and the inferior part, the data of foundation MDCCCLV. At the back, the shield shows the Saint Contardo's effigy with the inscription: S. CONTARDUS ATESTINUS. Between the four arms of the cross, four golden cursive letters, to form the word E S T E. The cross is surmounted by a trophy for military class, by an oak crown for the civilian one and a royal crown for foreigner knights.

The ribbon was white bordered with sky-blue stripes.

The founder, Francis V, continued to grant the Order, even in the years of his exile.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Crespellani, Arsenio (1893). Medaglie Estensi ed Austro-Estensi. Coi tipi della Società tipografica modenese.  (Italian)

External links[edit]