Oregon City-class cruiser

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USS Oregon City (CA-122).jpg
USS Oregon City (CA-122)
Class overview
Name: Oregon City-class cruiser
Operators: US flag 48 stars.svg United States Navy
Preceded by: Baltimore class
Succeeded by: Des Moines class
In commission: 1946–70[note 1]
Planned: 10
Completed: 4 (1 completed as a command ship USS Northampton (CLC-1)
Cancelled: 6
General characteristics
Type: Heavy cruiser
Displacement: 17,000 tons Full Load
Length: 673 ft 5 in (205.26 m)
Beam: 70 ft 10 in (21.59 m)
Draft: 26 ft 4 in (8.03 m)
Propulsion: General Electric turbines turning 120,000 hp (89,000 kW)
Speed: 32.4 knots (60.0 km/h; 37.3 mph)
Complement: 1,142 officers and enlisted
Armament:
Aircraft carried: Four amphibious scout planes

The Oregon City class were a class of heavy cruisers of the United States Navy. Although it was intended to build ten, only four were completed – one of those as a command ship. The three cruisers were in commission from 1946 to 1970.

Design and development[edit]

The Oregon City-class cruisers were a modified version of the previous Baltimore-class design; the main difference was a more compact pyramidal superstructure with single trunked funnel, intended to improve the arcs of fire of the anti-aircraft (AA) guns. The same type of modification also differentiated the Cleveland and Fargo classes of light cruisers.[1]

History[edit]

Ten ships were authorized for the class with three being completed and the fourth suspended during construction. The final six ships were cancelled.[2] Construction on the incomplete fourth ship was resumed in 1948 and the ship served as a command ship Northampton (CLC-1). All three completed ships were commissioned in 1946. Oregon City was decommissioned after only 18 months of service, probably the shortest active life of any WWII-era cruiser. Albany was later converted into a guided missile ship, becoming the lead ship of the Albany class and served until 1980. A similar conversion was planned for Rochester but was cancelled.

Ships in class[edit]

Ships in class[2]
Hull Number Name Builder Laid down Launched Commissioned Decommissioned Fate
CA-122 Oregon City Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Fore River Shipyard, Quincy, Massachusetts 8 April 1944 9 June 1945 16 February 1946 15 December 1947 Sold for scrap, 17 August 1973
CA-123
CG-10
Albany 6 Mar 1944 11 Jun 1946 15 June 1946
3 November 1962
30 June 1958
29 August 1980
Converted to Guided Missile Cruiser[3] Sold for scrap, 12 August 1990
CA-124 Rochester 29 May 1944 28 August 1945 20 December 1946 15 August 1961 Sold for scrap, 24 September 1974
CA-125
CLC-1
Northampton 31 August 1944 27 January 1951 7 March 1953 8 April 1970 Converted to command ship during construction – stricken 31 Dec 1977
CA-126 Cambridge 16 December 1944 - - Cancelled 12 August 1945
CA-127 Bridgeport 13 January 1945 - - Cancelled 12 August 1945
CA-128 Kansas City 9 July 1945 - - Cancelled 12 August 1945
CA-129 Tulsa - - - Cancelled 12 August 1945
CA-137 Norfolk Philadelphia Naval Shipyard 27 December 1944 - - Cancelled 12 August 1945
CA-138 Scranton 27 December 1944 - - Cancelled 12 August 1945

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Albany was converted to a guided missile cruiser and as such was in commission from 1962–1980, but this was a totally different class of ship to a heavy cruiser. Northampton was decommissioned in 1970 as the last of the Oregon City class "gun cruisers".
Citations
  1. ^ Norman Friedman, U.S. Cruisers, An Illustrated Design History 1984 ISBN 978-0-87021-718-0[page needed]
  2. ^ a b Whitley 1999, p. 269.
  3. ^ Gardiner and Chumbley 1995, p. 578.
Bibliography
  • Gardiner, Robert and Stephen Chumbley (editors). Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1947–1995. Annapolis, Maryland USA: Naval Institute Press, 1995. ISBN 1-55750-132-7.
  • Whitley, M.J. Cruisers of World War Two: An International Encyclopedia. London: Brockhampton Press, 1999. ISBN 1-86019-874-0,

External links[edit]