Haskell-class attack transport

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USS Noble (APA-218)
USS Noble, a ship of the Haskell class, in 1956
Class overview
Name: Haskell-class attack transport
Builders: California Shipbuilding
Oregon Shipbuilding
Permanente Metals
Kaiser Shipbuilding
Preceded by: Gilliam-class attack transport
Built: 1944 - 1945
In commission: 11 Sep 1944 - 29 Oct 1945
Planned: 131
Completed: 117
Cancelled: 14
Active: None
General characteristics
Displacement: 6,873 tons (lt), 14,837 t (fl)
Length: 455 ft (139 m)
Beam: 62 ft (19 m)
Draft: 24 ft (7.3 m)
Propulsion: 1 × geared turbine (Westinghouse, Joshua Hendy or Allis-Chalmers), 2 × header-type boilers (Babcock & Wilcox or Combustion Engineering), 1 × propeller, designed shaft horsepower 8,500
Speed: 18 - 19 knots
Boats & landing
craft carried:
2 × LCM, 12 × LCVP, 3 × LCPL
Capacity: Troops: 86 officers, 1,475 enlisted
Cargo: 150,000 cu ft, 2,900 tons
Complement: 56 officers, 480 enlisted
Armament: 1 × 5"/38 dual-purpose gun, 4 × twin 40mm guns, 10 × single 20mm guns; late armament, add 1 × 40mm quad mount

Haskell-class attack transports (APA) were amphibious assault ships of the United States Navy created in 1944. They were designed to transport 1,500 troops and their combat equipment, and land them on hostile shores with the ships' integral landing craft.

The Haskells were very active in the World War II Pacific Theater of Operations, landing Marines and Army troops and transporting casualties at Iwo Jima and Okinawa. Ships of the class were among the first Allied ships to enter Tokyo Bay at the end of World War II, landing the first occupation troops at Yokosuka. After the end of World War II, most participated in Operation Magic Carpet, the massive sealift of US personnel back to the United States. A few of the Haskell class were reactivated for the Korean War, with some staying in service into the Vietnam War.

The Haskell class, Maritime Commission standard type VC2-S-AP5, is a sub‑type of the World War II Victory ship design. 117 were launched in 1944 and 1945, with 14 more being finished as another VC2 type or canceled.

Design[edit]

The VC2-S-AP5 design was intended for the transport and assault landing of over 1,500 troops and their heavy combat equipment. During Operation Magic Carpet, up to 1,900 personnel per ship were carried homeward.[Note 1]

The Haskells carried 25 landing craft to deliver the troops and equipment right onto the beach. The 23 main boats were the 36 feet (11 m) long, LCVP. The LCVP was designed to carry 36 equipped troops. The other 2 landing craft were the 50 foot (15 m) long LCM (3), capable of carrying 60 troops or 30 tons (27 t) of cargo, or the 56 foot (17m) LCM (6).[1] They also carried one gig.

The Haskell-class ships were armed with one 5"/38 caliber gun, twelve Bofors 40 mm guns (one quad mount, four dual mounts), and ten Oerlikon 20 mm guns.

Ships of the Haskell class[edit]

See List of Haskell-class attack transports.
The USS St. Mary's in San Francisco Bay, California, in late 1945 or early 1946. She is returning troops from the western Pacific to the United States as part of Operation Magic Carpet. Note the long homeward bound pennant trailing from her after mast, and the sign on shore (in the right distance) stating "Welcome Home, Well Done."

Haskell-class attack transports included APA-117, USS Haskell, the lead ship, through APA-247, the never completed USS Mecklenburg. The hulls for APA-181 through APA-186 were repurposed to be hospital ships before they were named. Ultimately those hospital ships were built on larger C4 plan and the six VC2 hulls were built in a merchant configuration.[2] APA-240 through APA-247 were named, but cancelled in 1945 when the war ended. With the special exception of the USS Marvin H. McIntyre, the Haskell-class ships were all named after counties of the United States.

Fate[edit]

Most of the Haskell-class ships were mothballed in 1946, with only a few remaining in service. Many of the Haskell class were scrapped in 1973-75.[3] A few were converted into Missile Range Instrumentation Ships.

The USS Gage, the last remaining ship in the Haskell configuration, was scrapped in 2009 at ESCO Marine, in Brownsville, Tx.[4]

The USS Sherburne, which was converted and renamed USS Range Sentinel, lasted until she was scrapped in 2012.

The USS Rutland lowering an LCM off Iwo Jima, 1945.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ USS Lanier (APA-125) Deck Log, September 1945. 
  2. ^ Friedman, Norman (2002). U.S. Amphibious Ships and Craft. Naval Institute Press. p. 190. ISBN 978-1-55750-250-6. Retrieved 2009-07-13. 
  3. ^ "Sister Ship Display". Retrieved 2006-09-23. 
  4. ^ https://pmars.marad.dot.gov/detail.asp?Ship=1782

External links[edit]