Oregon Coast Aquarium
Main building at the aquarium
|Land area||23 acres (9.3 ha)|
|Annual visitors||450,000 (2012)|
The Oregon Coast Aquarium is an aquarium in Newport in the US state of Oregon. Opened in 1992, the facility sits on 23 acres (9.3 ha) along Yaquina Bay near the Pacific Ocean. The aquarium was home to Keiko, the orca who starred in the movie Free Willy, from January 1996 until September 9, 1998, when he was shipped to Vestmannaeyjar, Iceland. USA Today considers the Oregon Coast Aquarium world-class and Coastal Living magazine ranks the it among the top ten aquariums in North America.
Newport business leaders proposed building an aquarium beginning in the early 1980s. They proposed a $7 million facility in 1982 as a way to boost the local economy. Two years later they incorporated as a non-profit, and increased fundraising efforts in 1987, collecting $11 million by 1991. Plans to turn 23 acres (9.3 ha) along Yaquina Bay in Newport into a "world class" aquarium were finalized in 1990.
After early bids were rejected by the aquarium's board of directors, Mountain States Construction was selected to build the first phase for about $12 million in August 1990. Plans for the first phase included construction of a 40,000-square-foot (3,700 m2) building and four acres of outdoor exhibits, with completion expected in spring 1992. Construction began in August 1990 on phase one, with two other phases expected to start three years and eight years later.
On May 23, 1992, the Oregon Coast Aquarium opened with about 5,500 visitors the first day. Those in attendance on the first day included Senator Mark O. Hatfield, Governor Barbara Roberts, and Congressmen Mike Kopetski and Les AuCoin. The opening theme of the aquarium was following the path of a raindrop from the Oregon Coast Range all the way to the Pacific Ocean.
On January 7, 1996, Keiko the killer whale arrived on a United Parcel Service C-130 cargo plane, with freight expenses donated by the company. This move from Reino Aventura, an amusement park in Mexico City, came after fund raising by environmentalists and school children to build a $7.8 million habitat for the movie star in Oregon. Keiko was moved to Iceland in 1998 in an attempt to return him to the wild. For 2012, the aquarium had 450,000 visitors and earned $850,000 on about $7.3 million in revenues.
Exhibits in the main building include four permanent displays: Sandy Shores, Rocky Shores, Coastal Waters, and a changing exhibit area. The first features fish and invertebrates that live either close to shore or in bays such as Yaquina Bay. Progressing, the aquarium displays feature animals further offshore ending in a kelp forest and Sea jelly exhibit. Flanking the permanent displays are the changing exhibits.
Swampland is a current temporary exhibit features replicated South American swamps of the Pantanal, a Florida mangrove swamp, and a Southeastern U.S. cypress swamp. The exhibit explains the differences between these three types of swamps and the role of animals in these ecosystems. This exhibit was scheduled to be dismantled on January 3, 2012. 
Temporary exhibits have included one called Claws that featured crustaceans, and Oddwater, which featured unusual sea creatures such as the green-blooded cuttlefish and the jet-powered chambered nautilus.
Passages of the Deep
Passages of the Deep was created in Keiko's former home, and has three sections. Orford Reef contains mostly rockfish and other smaller Pacific-Northwest fish. Halibut Flats contains halibut, ling cod, a small ray, and other large fish, and includes a mock sunken ship. Open Waters is last section in the tunnel, and holds many species of sharks including seven gill sharks, as well as rays, yellowjack, and salmon.
The aviary at Oregon Coast Aquarium exhibits sea and shore birds. Those on display include the sea birds Tufted Puffin, Common Murre, Rhinoceros Auklet, Pigeon Guillemot, and the shore bird Black Oystercatcher. The seabird aviary includes two large pools and rocky cliffs.
Other outdoor exhibits
Outside the main building, beside the Aviary, are the outdoor mammal exhibits. They contain sea otters, harbor seals, and sea lions. There were six of the California sea lions when the aquarium opened, but dwindled to four by 2010 when two new ones arrived from San Pedro, California. There is even a coastal cave that houses a giant Pacific octopus. The rocks in the outdoor exhibit are artificial rocks constructed of gunite.
- Hatfield Marine Science Center, marine research and education facility adjacent to the Oregon Coast Aquarium
- Yaquina Head Outstanding Natural Area, view protected Oregon Islands National Wildlife Refuge and a historic lighthouse, six miles from the aquarium
- Portland Aquarium, aquarium in southeast Portland targeting ages 3 to 12
- "List of Accredited Zoos and Aquariums". aza.org. Association of Zoos and Aquariums. Retrieved November 7, 2010.
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- "Top 10 Aquariums". Coastal Living. Retrieved March 9, 2010.
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- Kish, Matthew (March 1, 2013). "Oregon Coast Aquarium's finances no longer underwater". Portland Business Journal. Retrieved 3 March 2013.
- Muldoon, Katy (July 20, 2010). "Zoo and aquarium inspectors scrutinize Oregon attractions". The Oregonian. Retrieved December 20, 2010.
- "Swampland". aquarium.org. Oregon Coast Aquarium. Retrieved November 7, 2010.
- "Exhibits, Oregon Coast Aquarium Website". Oregon Coast Aquarium. Retrieved August 8, 2006.
- "Passages of the Deep, Oregon Coast Aquarium Website". Oregon Coast Aquarium. Retrieved August 8, 2006.
- Terry, Lynne (March 4, 2010). "Oregon Coast Aquarium in Newport welcomes sea lion pups". The Oregonian. Retrieved March 5, 2010.
- Bacon, Larry (December 28, 1991). "Aquarium making waves in Newport". The Register-Guard (Guard Publishing). p. C1. Retrieved March 2, 2010.