Orson, Pennsylvania

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Orson, Pennsylvania
Village
Village of Orson
Country road with blue sky and clouds rolling overhead. There is a farm on the left and a sign indicating an intersection on the right.
Orson as seen from Crosstown Highway, facing east.
Nickname(s): Hine's Corners[1] (historical), Orson Corners[2] (rarely used)
Map of Pennsylvania, with county borders indicated. A red dot in the upper right-hand corner is labeled "Orson, Pennsylvania."
Map of Pennsylvania, with county borders indicated. A red dot in the upper right-hand corner is labeled "Orson, Pennsylvania."
Orson, Pennsylvania
Orson's Location within Pennsylvania.
Coordinates: 41°48′49.302″N 75°26′52.6518″W / 41.81369500°N 75.447958833°W / 41.81369500; -75.447958833Coordinates: 41°48′49.302″N 75°26′52.6518″W / 41.81369500°N 75.447958833°W / 41.81369500; -75.447958833
Country United States
Commonwealth Pennsylvania
U.S. Congressional District PA-10
School District Wayne Highlands
Region I
County Wayne
Magisterial District 22-3-04[3]
Township Preston
Settled 1831[4] or 1840[5]
Founded by Merritt Hine[5]
Named for Orson C. Chamberlain[6]
Elevation 1,998[7] ft (609 m)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern Daylight (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP codes De jure
18449[8]

De facto
18439[9] (Lakewood)
18465[9] (Thompson)
18470[9] (Union Dale)
Area code(s) 570
GNIS feature ID 1183050[7]
FIPS code 42-127-62600[10]-57144[7]
Major Roads PA-370.svg PA-670.svg
Waterways Independent Lake,[11] Lackawanna River (East Branch), Mud Pond,[12] Orson Pond[13]

Orson is a village in Preston Township, Wayne County, Pennsylvania. It was once an important depot of the Scranton Division of the New York, Ontario & Western (O&W) Railway, but today, when it is known outside of its immediate vicinity, it is largely for being the site of the intersection of two state roads, Belmont Turnpike (partially concurrent with Pennsylvania Route 670, or PA-670) and Crosstown Highway (entirely concurrent with PA-370), or as the location of Independent Lake Camp (ILC),[14] since ILC's reputation and commercial reach, like those of most rural American summer camps, extend beyond the community in which the camp is physically located.

Municipal status and boundaries[edit]

A white sign reading "VILLAGE OF GRAVITY" in green lettering, with dead trees in the background.
The PennDOT sign for Gravity, Pennsylvania, a village in Lake Township in Wayne County. Orson's PennDOT sign is identical, apart from the village name.

A Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (PennDOT) sign on Crosstown Highway identifies the community as the "Village of Orson." In Pennsylvania, a village is an unincorporated community within a township, but PennDOT identifies most villages with roadside signs, a fact that might reasonably lead those unfamiliar with this practice to believe that these communities are incorporated municipalities administered separately from the townships in which they are located. Since Pennsylvania's villages, including Orson, are, in fact, not municipalities in their own right, they do not have official boundaries, and the United States Census Bureau does not collect statistics for them (unless, unlike Orson, they are census-designated places). In spite of this, because of strong local consensus, as well as the fact that many features are named for the villages they are associated with, it is almost always possible to consistently determine whether a particular feature is in one village or another.

Natural features[edit]

View of a long paved road and a mountain in the distance.
Sugarloaf Mountain, center-left, as seen from East Ararat on Crosstown Highway between Orson and PA-171, facing northeast. The NEP cell tower and a few buildings that are part of ILC can also be seen in the distance, center-right.
Big mountain with valley in the foreground in the summertime.
Mount Ararat, as seen from approximately the same spot, but facing southeast.

Notable natural features located in Orson include Mount Ararat (partially in Belmont Corners, Pennsylvania, and sometimes called Ararat Mountain,[15] Ararat Peak,[16] Ararat Summit,[17] or simply "Ararat"[17]), Independent Lake[11] (partially in Poyntelle, Pennsylvania, and formerly known as Independence Pond[15] or Independent Pond,[18] and sometimes known today as Lake Independence[19] or Lake Independent[20]), Mud Pond[12] (partially in East Ararat, Pennsylvania), Orson Pond,[13] and Sugarloaf Mountain[21] (formerly called Sugar Loaf Peak[16] or Sugar-loaf Mountain[15]).

Independent Lake is one of the four sources of the East Branch of the Lackawanna River[22] (the other three being Bone Pond,[23] or Summit Lake,[24] and Lake Lorain,[25] or Five Mile Pond,[26] in Poyntelle; and Dunn Pond,[27] or Dunns Lake,[28] in East Ararat). Orson Pond, a reservoir once used for ice harvesting and other economic activities,[29] was originally a much smaller body of water, but was expanded significantly when the Orson Pond Dam,[30] or Orson Dam,[29] (which is of the rock-fill variety[29]) was built. The pond drains into the Lackawanna.

Roads and intersections[edit]

As has been noted above, Orson is centered around the intersection of Belmont Turnpike and Crosstown Highway. This intersection is the northern terminus of both Belmont and PA-670 (which are concurrent there), and the paved road that runs north from the junction is called Oxbow Road (at least one source says "Orson" Road[31]). Oxbow is designated PA-4035,[32] and is part of neither PA-670 nor Belmont.

Township roads in Orson include Blewett Road (Township Road 678, or T678[31]), which connects to Crosstown; Clark Road (T579[31]), which connects to Crosstown and Oxbow; Doyle Road (T686[31]), which connects to Crosstown and Clark; Hines Road (T692[31]), which connects to just Clark; Mud Pond Road (T565[31]), which connects to just Crosstown; and Paluch Road (T567[31]), which connects to Belmont. In Pennsylvania, are numbered by county (i.e., a single number may be assigned to multiple roads as long as each road is in a different county), but are maintained by township (i.e., the township is entirely responsible for their upkeep). Like many township roads in the state, Blewett, Clark, Doyle, Hines, Mud Pond, and Paluch are all unpaved. There is also one officially-named (i.e., its name may be used in addresses) private road in the village, Black Bear Lane, which connects to Crosstown and is also unpaved.

History[edit]

The community known today as Orson was founded by Merritt Hine[33] (at least one source says "Merrill" Hine[34]) of Woodbridge, Connecticut, in either 1831[4] or 1840.[5] He was the son of David Hine,[35] who relocated to Pennsylvania sometime after his son was established there. Like many of the early settlers of Wayne County,[15] the elder Hine was a veteran of the Revolutionary War, having served in the Continental Army.[5] In its early days, the settlement was known as Hine's Corners, and was situated around what is now the intersection of Clark and Oxbow Roads.[1] "Hines Corners"[36] (note that the apostrophe is dropped) is still the accepted name for the intersection of Clark and Oxbow, and it is labeled as such on the United States Geological Survey (USGS) topographic quadrangle map which includes Orson (the quadrangle also being called "Orson"[37]).

Hine's Corners quickly grew to a reasonable size and appears in F. W. Beers' 1872 Atlas of Wayne County.[38] The population subsisted in large part on agriculture,[15] dairying,[1] and ice harvesting,[1] the last of which was facilitated by the large number of lakes in the area.[15] The Hine's Corners United Methodist Congregation was formed in 1849 after the conversion of Catharine Hine (née Belcher),[39] wife of Merritt Hine, and the Hine's Corners Methodist Episcopal (ME) Church (later the Orson ME Church[40]) was completed in July 1876.[41] Hine's Corners Post Office opened on September 8, 1873.[42]

On December 25, 1878, Orson C. Chamberlain,[43] a great-grandchild of Catharine and Merritt Hine, died of diphtheria in an epidemic that affected many people in the area.[44] The community came to be known as Orson Corners[2] (virtually always shortened to Orson) in his honor,[6] and the post office was accordingly renamed "Orson Post Office" on September 19, 1896.[42]

When the O&W Railway expanded its service to Scranton, Pennsylvania, in 1890, it created several depots in rural Wayne County, one of which was located in Orson. The station was listed on maps and timetables as both "Orson" and as "Belmont,"[45] the latter being a variant name for Belmont Corners. The Orson/Belmont depot, which had the call letters "BM,"[45] was located a few yards south of what is now the intersection of Belmont Turnpike and Crosstown Highway, and its construction caused the community to move slightly southwards in order to take advantage of the economic opportunities brought by the new railroad.[1] The rail traffic brought great prosperity to Orson, and at the height of the railroad's popularity, the village boasted two creameries, two ice houses, a grain mill, a sawmill, and several hotels and stores, created in large part to serve the influx of people brought to and through Orson by the O&W.[1]

Summer camp industry[edit]

The depot was abandoned in 1957 after the O&W went bankrupt, and this event largely marked the end of Orson's importance outside of its contiguity. Many of the village's business establishments closed soon after the railroad did, with the notable exception of the summer camps that would gradually come to replace the railroad as Orson's main source of supra-regional notability. The first of these was Camp Nehantic, a Jewish girls’ camp[46] that was founded in 1919,[47] and had originally been located on Crescent Beach in Niantic, Connecticut.[48] Between 1924[49] and 1927, Nehantic moved to the western bank of Independent Lake, in Orson,[50] and was an important part of the community's economy[1] until it closed sometime around 1935.[51] By 1938,[52] Camp Carmelia and Camp Keeyumah, twin Jewish camps for girls and boys, respectively,[53] had taken Nehantic’s place.[52] They had both opened around 1928 on the banks of Lake Champlain in Milton, Vermont[54] (at least one source says they were located in Oneonta, New York[53] and refers to the boys' camp as "Keeyuma"). The two camps shared facilities[53] and operated in concert with each other until 1949,[55] when they were consolidated into one coeducational, Jewish[56] camp that seems to have been administratively distinct from them, but was nevertheless also called Camp Keeyumah. The latter Keeyumah was open until 1974.[55]

Around 1979,[57] both Keeyumah and Camp Echo Lark[58] on the eastern bank of the lake, in Poyntelle, were bought by the same entity, and were subsequently merged into a single camp also called Camp Echo Lark. The original Echo Lark had been founded in 1923 in Hyde Park, New York,[59] and had moved to Poyntelle in 1927.[59] Originally a Jewish all-girl’s camp,[59] Echo Lark went coed when it was taken over by Ace Weinstein in 1935[60] (at least one source says 1932[61]). When the banks were united, one gender lived on each side of the lake, geographical gender separation within coed American summer camps being common practice at the time. In 1981, the western and eastern banks were separated once again, and the western bank became Camp Westmont, which is still in operation.[62] Echo Lark continued to operate until 1992, when it was supplanted by a new camp called NE2 at Independent Lake.[63] NE2 had formerly been known as New England Experience,[64] and had been located in Avon, Connecticut, from 1983 to 1992.[65] It had originally been associated with French Woods Festival of the Performing Arts,[65] a still-operating performing arts-oriented camp in Hancock, New York. NE2 had always been known alternatively as Independent Lake Camp,[66] but by 1995, the latter became its primary name,[67] and is the name by which it is known exclusively today. On September 13, 2001, the owners of ILC purchased land on a nameless hill to the south of the lakefront.[68] This new area was dubbed "Elkview,"[20] after Elk Hill (often called Elk Mountain[69]) in Tirzah, Pennsylvania, which is visible from the top of the nameless hill, while the original land that had been part of the previous camps became known as "Lakeside,"[20] after Independent Lake.

Places of interest[edit]

Rural intersection with signs for PA Routes 370 and 670 and part of a mountain on the far left.
Orson as seen from Belmont Turnpike, facing north in the direction of Oxbow Road. A small part of Sugarloaf Mountain can be seen on the far left, and the barely-visible dirt path in the foreground is the O&W Trail.

Orson Cemetery,[70] which was originally called Hine's Corners Cemetery,[71] is a small family cemetery which is no longer an active burial site. It contains the graves of Catharine, David, and Merritt Hine, Orson C. Chamberlain, and other early Hine's Corners/Orson residents, and is on Clark Road across from Independent Lake. Orson Field Airport,[72][73] a privately owned and operated airstrip, connects to Hines Road in northern Orson. The building that once housed the aforementioned Orson ME Church,[74] which was officially abandoned[75] on July 1, 2013,[76] is located on Oxbow Road between Clark and Crosstown Highway.

There are also three cell towers in the village, the first of which is owned by the North-Eastern Pennsylvania Telephone Company (NEP)[77] and is located on the above-mentioned nameless hill in Elkview.[78] The other two are owned by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the Pennsylvania State Police (PSP), respectively, and are both located on Mount Ararat, the former (which is also called Mount Ararat[79]) a few feet southwest of the latter (which is called Waldon Remote[80]). They are accessible by a small, nameless path that connects to Belmont Turnpike near the border of Preston and Mount Pleasant Townships. In addition, the PA O&W Trail,[81] maintained by the Rails-to-Trails Conservancy, runs through Orson.

Orson Post Office and ZIP code situation[edit]

The previously mentioned Orson Post Office is on Belmont, just under a mile south of the intersection of Belmont and Crosstown. While it is technically still open, it was placed under emergency suspension[82] on May 9, 2008,[83] and no longer provides postal services.

The last entity to use Orson's ZIP code, 18449 (which retains legal status because the post office has not been officially discontinued), in its mailing address was Orson Corners Veterinary Clinic,[84] and all mailing addresses within the village now employ 18439, 18465, or 18470 (the ZIP codes of Lakewood, Pennsylvania; Thompson, Pennsylvania; and Union Dale, Pennsylvania, respectively). While discrepancies between physical and mailing addresses are not uncommon in sparsly-populated rural areas, where the number of locally recognized communities routinely exceeds the number of post offices, in most cases a community with a discontinued or suspended post office tends to be absorbed into a single ZIP code (e.g., Panther, Pennsylvania). Since Orson now straddles three ZIP codes, some people without a relatively high degree of familiarity with the area may mistakenly think that a given feature is actually in one of the three communities those ZIP codes primarily represent. This is especially problematic given that two of those communities, Union Dale and Thompson, are incorporated municipalities (and therefore have clearly defined borders), and are not even in the same county as Orson. However, at least in theory, it would still be appropriate to give the physical addresses of places in Orson using "Orson, PA 18449," regardless of what ZIP code these places use in their mailing addresses.

Education[edit]

Hine's Corners/Orson has been home to four public schools over the course of its history.[1] The first and second existed during the Hine's Corners-era, and were both situated along what is today Oxbow Road near what is now Clark Road, the first on the southern side of Clark and the second on its northern side. They existed from 1860 to c. 1872 and from c. 1872 to c. 1890, respectively, and both were referred to simply as "Hine's Corners School."[1] The third and fourth schools were built after the community became known as Orson, and were located on Oxbow between Clark and Crosstown Highway, adjacent to Orson ME Church, the third pushed back significantly from the road. The former of these two operated from c. 1890 to 1924, and the latter was open from 1924 to 1956. Both were generally referred to as "Orson School,"[1] although at least one source refers to the fourth school as "Simpson School."[85] The building that once housed this last school is still standing and has been converted into a private residence.[1]

Today, Orson, along with the rest of Preston Township, is in Region I of the Wayne Highlands School District. The closest school to Orson is the Preston Area School in Lakewood, which serves pupils grades K-8. For high school-aged students, Honesdale High School serves the entire district. While there are also a few private and parochial schools in Wayne County, none of them are in Preston Township.

Economy[edit]

Modern Orson is home to three year-round businesses. The aformentioned Orson Corners Veterinary Clinic is located on the south side of Crosstown Highway, and mainly serves local dairy farms in the area. Dr. James Watson (not to be confused with James Watson, biologist) of the clinic once maintained a heliport, called Watson Airport,[86] behind the clinic building, which he used to facilitate veterinary visits in the area.[87] The Orson Country Inn,[88] which is often referred to as the Orson Inn[89] or simply "the O,"[90] is a popular congregation spot for Orson residents and visitors alike, and functions as an inn equipped with a bar and a private event space. It is located on the west side of Belmont Turnpike. Orson's Best Garden Center And Farmstand[91] is also on the west side of Belmont, several yards south of the Orson Inn, and sells produce, house and garden plants, and various animal products.[92]

Orson is also the location of one seasonal business, the previously described ILC, which operates annually from the second-to-last Sunday in June until the last Sunday in August.

References[edit]

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