Parsley frog

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Parsley frogs
Temporal range: 47–0Ma
Mid Eocene – Recent
Pelodytes punctatus side.jpg
Common parsley frog
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Suborder: Mesobatrachia
Family: Pelodytidae
Bonaparte, 1850
Genus: Pelodytes
Bonaparte, 1838
Species

Pelodytes caucasicus
Pelodytes ibericus
Pelodytes punctatus

Pelodytidae range.png
Distribution of Pelodytidae (in black)
Pelodytes genus range Map.png

The parsley frogs or Pelodytidae, are a family of order Anura. The family consists of just one genus, Pelodytes, which contains only three species. These frogs can be found in southwestern Europe and the Caucasus. The common name of "parsley frogs" comes from the common parsley frog (Pelodytes punctatus) which, because of its colouring, looks garnished with parsley.

Parsley frogs are typical-looking frogs closely related to spadefoot toads and megophyrids, but differ largely in appearance. Unlike the megophryids, they do not have cryptic colouring, usually being green or brown. Unlike the spadefoot toads, they lack hardened protrusions on their feet, although they are still fossorial, and are generally slender.[1]

The parsley frogs are small, smooth-skinned frogs, reaching a length of 5 cm (2.0 in). They are one of the few families of frogs which contain more known extinct species and genera (two or three) than extant species. Although now found only in the Palearctic ecozone, fossils of a mid-Miocene species were also found in North America.[1]

Taxonomy[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Zweifel, Richard G. (1998). Cogger, H.G. & Zweifel, R.G., ed. Encyclopedia of Reptiles and Amphibians. San Diego: Academic Press. pp. 88–89. ISBN 0-12-178560-2.