Passions (Telemann)

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Telemann's manuscript for his 1728 St. Luke's Passion from the Deutsche Staatsbibliothek in Berlin.

Between 1716 and 1767, Georg Philipp Telemann wrote a series of Passions, musical compositions reflecting on Christ's Passion – the physical, spiritual and mental suffering of Jesus from the hours prior to his trial through to his crucifixion. The works were written for performance in German churches in the days before Easter. A prolific composer, Telemann wrote over 40 Passions for the churches of Hamburg alone, of which 22 have survived according to the present state of research.[1] He also wrote several Passion oratorios. Unlike the Passions intended for liturgical performance, they were not closely set to the literal text of the Gospels. His 1716 Passion oratorio Der für die Sünde der Welt gemarterte Jesus ("Jesus Who was martyred for the Sins of the World", TWV 5:1), used a poetic meditation on the passion story by Barthold Heinrich Brockes. Telemann himself wrote the text for his second Passion oratorio, Seliges Erwägen des bittern Leidens und Sterbens Jesu Christi ("Blessed Contemplation of the Bitter Suffering and Dying of Jesus Christ", TWV 5:2). The latter work, written in 1763 and first performed in that year at the Berlin court, was one of the most beloved and frequently performed Passions in eighteenth-century Germany, although today the work is much less known than his later Passions.[2] In actuality, there were 6 total Passion Oratorios by Telemann (all of which were not used in the liturgy proper, but were still used in the church [either in the lesser churches or during the period between Judica Sunday and Good Friday, when it was traditional to have virtually non-stop Passion performances in the churches]).

In Telemann's Passions, one sees many changes occurring and also many deviations from those that today have been deemed the "standard" and benchmark works of the genre (namely, those of Telemann's friend and father of his godson and successor Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, Johann Sebastian Bach). In his dissertation "The Rise of Lyricism and the Decline of Biblical Narration in the Late Liturgical Passions of Georg Philipp Telemann" (University of Pittsburgh, 2005), Jason Benjamin Grant describes the three basic periods of Telemann's Passion composition as follows:

Stylistically, there are many differences between these works by Telemann and those of the "standard" model (the works of Bach), and in some ways they have much in common with Emanuel Bach's works (for a detailed look at these works, see The Passions of C.P.E. Bach).

One element was in context used. The Telemann Passions were (unlike his Leipzig associate Bach) not written for and used in the context of a separate Good Friday Vespers liturgical service, but rather in the regular church services for the five main churches in Hamburg for the Sundays of Lent (except for Oculi Sunday). In deference to Ulrich Leisinger, who states in the Passions Preface in the Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach Complete Works edition:

and quotes (he states) pages 656-657 of the 4th Vorrath (Volume) of Johann Mattheson's Plus Ultra, ein Stückwerk von neuer und mancherley Art. Hamburg never really adapted the bipartite division of Passion settings (Part 1 being before the Sermon and Part 2 after it). What had changed was that after 1736, the narration of the Last Supper and the Entombment were eliminated (although in some cases, even before 1736 the Last Supper was never used, i.e., the St Mark Passion now attributed to Friedrich Nicolaus Bruhns). These Hamburg Passions were whole entities performed in succession. Unlike those in Leipzig, where the division before and after the Sermon was retained. The other issue with Leising's statement is that he quotes from a volume by Mattheson that is now lost (according to the German WikiSource, the 4th Volume of the Plus Ultra, ein Stückwerk von neuer und mancherley Art is lost).

Another element that is different between Telemann's and Sebastian Bach's works is viewpoint. Telemann was not a "preacher" like Bach was, although he did have a theological background and education. Telemann's viewpoint was that of the Enlightenment, which placed less emphasis on Christ's divinity and more on his humanity (to the extent that in many arias in both Telemann's and Emanuel Bach's works, Christ is referred to as "Menschenfreund" ("Friend of Man")). They emphasize less Christ as the revelation of God's will for the world and revelation of prophecy and divine grace, less Christ the Word incarnate, less Christ the Lamb of God, and more Christ the man, the healer, the sufferer. In opposition to this is Bach the Fifth Evangelist, Bach the Mystic, Bach the Orthodox Lutheran. One way that this difference is evidenced is the way Telemann and Sebastian Bach approach the word of Scripture. Bach does not alter one iota of the scriptural word, he writes the words of Scripture in red ink, and generally his whole attitude is that Scripture is supreme. In opposition to this is Telemann, who treats Scripture in his own manner. He does not hold it as sacred (as evidenced by two facts: in the St Matthew Passion of 1738, a whole Gospel verse is replaced by an aria,[13] and in the 1744 St Luke Passion, he changes the order of Scripture verses (specifically Luke 22:43-44) in Movement 2).

Finally, Telemann employs a more lyric style than Bach does. While there are places in Bach's Passions where he does employ more flourishes in the recitatives, these are usually few and far between. Bach usually uses a word-and-music form where the music is made to fit the words. Telemann, however, fits the words to the music that he writes, to the extent that many parts of recitatives are either elongated or repeated verbatim.

The following is a list of these works:

List of Telemann's Passion Oratorios[edit]

Year TWV Number Generic Name Title Librettist Scoring Notes
1716, rev. 1722 TWV 5:1 Der für die Sünde der Welt gemarterte und sterbende Jesus aus den IV. Evangelisten (Brockes-Paßion) Mich vom Stricke meiner Sünden Barthold Heinrich Brockes SSSAATTBBB with 3 transverse flutes, recorder (Flauto dolce), 2 oboes, bassoon, 2 violins, viola, violetta, violoncello and continuo Barfüßerkirche Frankfurt/Main, 10 April 1716; repeated during Lent in 1717 or 1718 in Hamburg or Augsburg (source Telemann 1718 Autobiography), on 26 March 1717 at the Neukirche Leipzig (1st documented performance of Passion Oratorio in Leipzig), 4 April 1719 at the Reventher Dom Hamburg, 21 March 1720 at the Hamburger Drillhaus, 60 movements in a Pastiche performed on 22, 26, 28, and 30 March 1722, Lenten Season 1723 in Hamburg(?), included in a series of performances of all four (at that time) known settings (Reinhard Keiser, Telemann, Georg Friedrich Händel, and Johann Mattheson) over four evenings in 1719, 1722, 1723, and 1730, and 27 March 1739 at the Nikolaikirche Leipzig (under direction of J. S. Bach.);[14] Modern edition (Bärenreiter); Recorded — McGegan 1994 (reissued 1996 & 1999), Jacobs 2009
1722, perf. 1728 TWV 5:2a Paßions-Oratorium: Seliges Erwägen des Leidens und Sterbens Jesu Christi Schmücke dich, o liebe Seele Georg Philipp Telemann SATB with transverse flute, 2 oboes, 2 violins, viola, violoncello and continuo Hamburg version, composed Frankfurt/Main 1722, revised and performed first Hamburg Lent 1728; Modern edition (Bärenreiter)
1731 TWV 5:3 Die Bekerung des römischen Hauptmanns Cornelius Mach dich auf, werde Licht! A. J. Zell **** Lost; Perf. Drillhaus Hamburg, 9 March 1731
1731 TWV 5:4 Die Kreutzigte Liebe oder Tränen über das Leiden und Sterben unseres Heilandes Nicht das Band, das dich bestricket Johann Ulrich von König SATB with 2 transverse flutes, chalumeau, Oboe d'Amore, 2 Oboes, 2 Violins, Viola, Violetta, Violoncello und continuo Perf. Drillhaus Hamburg, 9 March 1731(?); Recorded — Scholl 2004
1755 TWV 5:5 Betrachtung der 9. Stunde an dem Todestage Jesu Erhole dich, o Sonne Joachim Johann Daniel Zimmermann ATB with 2 transverse flutes, 2 Horns, 2 Violins, Viola, Violoncello und continuo perf. Lent 1755; Modern edition (Bärenreiter); Recorded — Max 1997 (reissued 2000)
1755 TWV 5:6 Der Tod Jesu (Paßions-Kantate) Du, dessen Augen flossen Karl Wilhelm Ramler SAATBB with 2 transverse flutes, recorder (flûte à bec), 2 Oboes, Oboe d'Amore, 2 Violins, Viola, Violoncello und continuo Perf. Lent 1755; Modern edition (Bärenreiter); Recorded — Heyerick 1995 (reissued 2007), Rémy 2000 (reissued 2006), Schwarz 2012
1763 TWV 5:2 Paßions-Oratorium: Seliges Erwägen des Leidens und Sterbens Jesu Christi Schmücke dich, o liebe Seele Georg Philipp Telemann SATB with 2 oboes, 2 chalumeaux, 2 bassoons, 2 horns, 2 violins, viola, violoncello and continuo composed and performed Berlin, 3 April 1763; Modern edition by Johannes Pausch and Bärenreiter; Recorded - Schäfer 2001 (reissued 2003, 2004, 2007 & 2011) [15]

List of Telemann's Hamburg and Danzig liturgical Passions[edit]

Note that this list may be incomplete

  • The Order of Church Service forbade performance of Passion music on Oculi Sunday (3rd Sunday in Lent—reserved for the Installation Music (Juraten-Einführungsmusik) at the Michaeliskirche) and the dense succession of Passion performances had to be modified whenever the Feast of the Annunciation (25 March) fell on a Sunday during Lent or anytime during Holy Week.[16][17] and [18]
  • The "Normal Order" for Passion music in Hamburg (as found in the Hamburg "Schreib-Kalendar") was as follows:
Event Locale
Quadragesima (Invocavit) Sunday St. Peter's Church, Hamburg
Reminiscere Sunday St. Nikolai, Hamburg
Laetere Sunday St. Catherine's Church, Hamburg
Judica Sunday St. Jacobi, Hamburg
Thursday after Judica Sunday Lesser St. Michael Church, Hamburg
Friday after Judica Sunday Heilig-Geist Church, Hamburg
Saturday after Judica Sunday St. Johannis Church, Hamburg
Palm Sunday St. Michaelis Church, Hamburg
Holy Monday St. Mary Magdalene Church, Hamburg
Holy Tuesday St. Gertrude Chapel, Hamburg
Holy Wednesday Pesthof Church, Hamburg
Maundy Thursday St. Pauli Church, Hamburg
Good Friday St. Georg Church, Hamburg[19]

In 1745, due to the mourning period following the death of Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor on 20 January 1745 (the mourning period lasting from 14 February–14 March), the performance schedule was altered in the following way:

Date Event Locale Work
16 March Tuesday after Reminiscere Sunday Petriskirche Hamburg Johannes-Passion TWV 5:30
25 March Thursday after (Feast of the Annunciation) Nikolaikirche Hamburg TWV 5:30
28 March Laetere Sunday Katherinenkirche Hamburg TWV 5:30
31 March Wednesday after Laetere Sunday Zuchthauskirche Hamburg Paßions-Oratorium: Seliges Erwägen des Leidens und Sterbens Jesu Christi TWV 5:2a (extra performance)
4 April Judica Sunday Jakobiskirche Hamburg TWV 5:30
7 April Wednesday after Judica Sunday Waisenhauskirche Hamburg TWV 5:2a (extra performance)
8 April Thursday after Judica Sunday Klein Michaeliskirche Hamburg TWV 5:30
9 April Friday after Judica Sunday Heilig-Geist-Kirche Hamburg TWV 5:2a (substitute performance)
10 April Saturday after Judica Sunday Johanniskirche Hamburg TWV 5:30
11 April Palmarum Michaeliskirche Hamburg TWV 5:30
12 April Heiligen Montag Maria-Magdalenenkirche Hamburg TWV 5:30
13 April Heiligen Dienstag Gertrudenkirche Hamburg TWV 5:30
14 April Heiligen Mittwoch Pesthofkirche Hamburg TWV 5:2a (substitute performance)
15 April Gründonnerstag Pauliskirche Hamburg TWV 5:30
16 April Karfreitag Georgenkirche Hamburg TWV 5:30[20]
Year[21] TWV Number Gospel Title Librettist Scoring Notes[22]
1722 TWV 5:7 Matthew Wenn meine Sünd' mich kränken (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Matthäus) Unknown librettist MISSING Performed 22 February (Petrikirche) and 1 (Nikolaikirche), 15 (Katherinenkirche), 22 (Jakobikirche), and 29 (Michaeliskirche) March 1722; Lost; First Passion setting performed as Cantor (church) of the Gelehrtenschule des Johanneums and Music Director in Hamburg
1723 TWV 5:8 Mark Ein Lämmlein geht und trägt die Schuld (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Markus) Unknown librettist SATB, Flute, 2 Oboes, 2 Oboes d'amore, Strings, and Continuo Performed 14 (Petrikirche) and 21 (Nikolaikirche) February and 7 (Katherinenkirche), 14 (Jakobikirche), and 21 (Michaeliskirche) March 1723
1724 TWV 5:9 Luke O Lamm Gottes, unschuldig (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Lukas) Unknown librettist MISSING Lost; Performed 27 (Petrikirche) February, 5 (Nikolaikirche), 19 (Katherinenkirche), and 26 (Jakobikirche) March, and 2 (Michaeliskirche) April 1724
1725 TWV 5:10 John Jesu, deine tiefen Wunden (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Johannes) Unknown librettist MISSING Lost; Performed 18 (Petrikirche) and 25 (Nikolaikirche) February and 11 (Katherinenkirche), 18 (Jakobikirche), and ?(Michaeliskirche) March 1725 [23]
1726 TWV 5:11 Matthew O hilf, Christe, Gottes Sohn (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Matthäus) Unknown librettist MISSING Lost; Performed 10 (Petrikirche), 17 (Nikolaikirche), and 31 (Katherinenkirche) March and 7 (Jakobikirche) and 14 (Michaeliskirche) April 1726
1727 TWV 5:12 Mark Mein Heiland, du bist mir zulieb (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Markus) Unknown librettist MISSING Lost; Performed 2 (Petrikirche), 9 (Nikolaikirche), 23 (Katherinenkirche), and 30 (Jakobikirche) March and 6 (Michaeliskirche) April 1727
1728 TWV 5:13 Luke Israel, ach geliebtes Vater-Herz! (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Lukas) M. Wilkens SATB, 2 Flutes, Recorder, 2 Oboes, Bassoon, Strings, and Continuo Recorded - M.A. Willens (2013); Modern Edition (Bärenreiter [Telemann – Musical Works, Vol. 15 1964]); Performed 15 (Petrikirche) and 22 (Nikolaikirche) February and 7 (Katherinenkirche), 14 (Jakobikirche), and 21 (Michaeliskirche) March 1728
1729 TWV 5:14 John Unsre Sünden-Schuld zu heben (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Johannes) Unknown librettist MISSING Lost; Performed 6 (Petrikirche), 13 (Nikolaikirche), and 27 (Katherinenkirche) March and 3 (Jakobikirche) and 10 (Michaeliskirche) April 1729
1730 TWV 5:15 Matthew Wenn meine Sünd' mich kränken (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Matthäus) Unknown librettist SATB, 2 Flutes, Oboe, Strings, Violetta, and Continuo Recorded - Redel 1965, Freiberger 2010; Performed 26 (Petrikirche) February, 5 (Nikolaikirche), 19 (Katherinenkirche), and 26 (Jakobikirche) March and 2 (Michaeliskirche) April 1730
1731 TWV 5:16 Mark Hochheiliges Versöhnungsfest (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Markus) Unknown librettist MISSING Lost; Performed 11 (Petrikirche) and 18 (Nikolaikirche) February and 4 (Katherinenkirche), 11 (Jakobikirche), and 18 (Michaeliskirche) March 1731
1732 TWV 5:17 Luke Brüllest du? Gewaltger Donner! (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Lukas) Unknown librettist MISSING Lost; Performed 2 (Petrikirche), 9 (Nikolaikirche), 23 (Katherinenkirche), and 30 (Jakobikirche) March and 6 (Michaeliskirche) April 1732
1733 TWV 5:18 John Du laßest uns durchs Blut (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Johannes) Unknown librettist SATB, Flute, 2 Oboes, Strings, and Continuo Recorded--Michael Scholl (2012); Performed 22 (Petrikirche) February and 1 (Nikolaikirche), 15 (Katherinenkirche), 22 (Jakobikirche), and 29 (Michaeliskirche) March 1733
1734 TWV 5:19 Matthew Unknown (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Matthäus) Unknown librettist MISSING Lost; Performed 14 (Petrikirche) and 21 (Nikolaikirche) March and 4 (Katherinenkirche), 11 (Jakobikirche), and 18 (Michaeliskirche) April 1734
1735 TWV 5:20 Mark Jesu, deine tiefen Wunden (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Markus) Unknown librettist MISSING Lost; Performed 27 (Petrikirche) February, 6 (Nikolaikirche), 20 (Katherinenkirche), and 27 (Jakobikirche) March and 3 (Michaeliskirche) April 1735
1736 TWV 5:21 Luke Wenn meine Sünd' mich kränken (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Lukas) Unknown librettist MISSING Lost; Performed 19 (Petrikirche) and 26 (Nikolaikirche) February and 11 (Katherinenkirche), 18 (Jakobikirche), and ?(Michaeliskirche) March 1736[23]
1737 TWV 5:22 John Jesu, deine heil'gen Wunden (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Johannes) Unknown librettist SATB, Flute, 2 Oboes, Strings, and Continuo Modern edition (Edition Kunzelmann (PE.OCT10122)); Performed 10 (Petrikirche), 17 (Nikolaikirche), and 31 (Katherinenkirche) March and 7 (Jakobikirche) and 14 (Michaeliskirche) April 1737
1738 TWV 5:23 Matthew O hilf, Christe, Gottes Sohn (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Matthäus) Unknown librettist MISSING Lost; Performed 23 (Petrikirche) February and 2 (Nikolaikirche), 16 (Katherinenkirche), 23 (Jakobikirche) and 30 (Michaeliskirche) March 1738
1739 TWV 5:24 Mark O hilf, Christe, Gottes Sohn (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Markus) Unknown librettist MISSING Lost; Performed 15 (Petrikirche) and 22 (Nikolaikirche) February and 8 (Katherinenkirche), 15 (Jakobikirche) and 22 (Michaeliskirche) March 1739
1740 TWV 5:25 Luke O hilf, Christe, Gottes Sohn (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Lukas) Unknown librettist MISSING Lost; Performed 6 (Petrikirche), 13 (Nikolaikirche), and 27 (Katherinenkirche) March and 3 (Jakobikirche) and 10 (Michaeliskirche) April 1740
1741 TWV 5:26 John O hilf, Christe, Gottes Sohn (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Johannes) Unknown librettist SATB, 2 Flutes, 2 Oboes, Strings, and Continuo Performed 19 (Petrikirche) and 26 (Nikolaikirche) February and 12 (Katherinenkirche), 19 (Jakobikirche) and 26 (Michaeliskirche) March 1741
1742 TWV 5:27 Matthew O hilf, Christe, Gottes Sohn (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Matthäus) Unknown librettist MISSING Lost; Performed 11 (Petrikirche) and 18 (Nikolaikirche) February and 4 (Katherinenkirche), 11 (Jakobikirche) and 18 (Michaeliskirche) March 1742
1743 TWV 5:28 Mark Unknown (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Markus) Unknown librettist MISSING Lost; Performed 3 (Petrikirche), 10 (Nikolaikirche), 24 (Katherinenkirche), and 31 (Jakobikirche) March and 7 (Michaeliskirche) April 1743
1744 TWV 5:29 Luke Wenn meine Sünd mich kränken (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Lukas) Unknown librettist SATB, Flute, Oboe d'amore, Strings, and Continuo Recorded - S. Heinrich 1973 (reissued 1999, 2001, 2007, & 2009); Performed 16 (Petrikirche) and 23 (Nikolaikirche) February and 8 (Katherinenkirche), 15 (Jakobikirche), and 22 (Michaeliskirche) March 1744
1745 TWV 5:30 John Ein Lämmlein geht und trägt die Schuld (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Johannes) J. J. D. Zimmermann SATB, Flute, Oboe d'amore, Strings, and Continuo Recorded - P. Peire 1996 (reissued 1999 & 2009); Modern Edition--Bärenreiter (Telemann – Musical Works, Vol. 29 1996); Performed 16 (Petrikirche), 25 (Nikolaikirche), and 28 (Katherinenkirche) March and 4 (Jakobikirche) and 11 (Michaeliskirche) April 1745
1746 TWV 5:31 Matthew Lasst uns mit Ernst betrachten (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Matthäus) Unknown librettist SATB, Flute, Oboe d'amore, 2 horns, Strings, and Continuo Recorded - Redel 1965 (reissued 1992 & 1996), Seeliger 1994 (reissued 1995 & 2009), Stötzel 1997 (reissued 2003 & 2007), H. Max 1999 (reissued 2006 & 2009); Performed 27 (Petrikirche) February, 6 (Nikolaikirche), 20 (Katherinenkirche), and 27 (Jakobikirche) March and 3 (Michaeliskirche) April 1746
1747 TWV 5:32 Mark Jesu deine tiefen Wunden (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Markus) Unknown librettist MISSING Lost; Performed 19 (Petrikirche) and 26 (Nikolaikirche) February and 12 (Katherinenkirche), 19 (Jakobikirche), and 26 (Michaeliskirche) March 1747
1748 TWV 5:33 Luke Wisset ihr, dass ihr (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Lukas) Unknown librettist SATB, Flute, Oboe, Oboe d'amore, Strings, and Continuo Recorded - H. Max 2010 (reissued 2011); Performed 3 (Petrikirche), 10 (Nikolaikirche), 24 (Katherinenkirche), and 31 (Jakobikirche) March and 7 (Michaeliskirche) April 1748
1749 TWV 5:34 John Jesu, meines Lebens Leben (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Johannes) Unknown librettist SATB, instruments unknown Recorded - M. Scholl 2011; Performed 23 (Petrikirche) February and 2 (Nikolaikirche), 16 (Katherinenkirche), 23 (Jakobikirche), and 30 (Michaeliskirche) March 1749
1750 TWV 5:35 Matthew Wenn meine Sünd mich kränken (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Matthäus) Unknown librettist SATB, 2 Flutes, 2 Oboes, Strings, and Continuo Recorded - Rademann 2002 (reissued 2007); Performed 15 (Petrikirche) and 22 (Nikolaikirche) February and 8 (Katherinenkirche), 15 (Jakobikirche), and 22 (Michaeliskirche) March 1750
1751 TWV 5:36 Mark Unknown (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Markus) Unknown librettist MISSING Lost; Performed 28 (Petrikirche) February, 7 (Nikolaikirche), 21 (Katherinenkirche), and 28 (Jakobikirche) March and 4 (Michaeliskirche) April 1751
1752 TWV 5:37 Luke Unknown (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Lukas) Unknown librettist MISSING Lost; Performed 20 (Petrikirche) and 27 (Nikolaikirche) February and 12 (Katherinenkirche), and 19 (Jakobikirche), and 26 (Michaeliskirche) March 1752
1753 TWV 5:38 John Liebe Seele, nun dich schwinge (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Johannes) Unknown librettist MISSING Lost; Performed 13 (Petrikirche) and 20 (Nikolaikirche) March and 3 (Katherinenkirche), 10 (Jakobikirche), and 17 (Michaeliskirche) April 1753
1754 TWV 5:39 Matthew  ? (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Matthäus) Unknown librettist  ? Autograph aus der Abteilung Schulmusikerziehung der Hochschule für Musik "Franz Liszt" Weimar; reprint by Kultur- und Forschungsstätte Michaelstein 1986; Performed 26 (Petrikirche) February, 5 (Nikolaikirche), 19 (Katherinenkirche), and 26 (Jakobikirche) March, and 2(Michaeliskirche) April 1754
1754 TWV 5:53 Matthew Auf, auf o Mensch ("Danziger Passion", Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Matthäus) Unknown librettist Unknown Recorded - Nemeth 1993 (reissued 1995, 2003 & 2011); Discovered 1980; Performed 7 April 1754 (Danzig)
1755 TWV 5:40 Mark Das ist ein kostlich Ding (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Markus) Unknown librettist SATB, 2 Flutes, Oboe, Strings, and Continuo Recorded - M. Scholl 2006; Performed 18 (Petrikirche) and 25 (Nikolaikirche) February and 11 (Katherinenkirche), and 18 (Jakobikirche), and ? (Michaeliskirche) March 1755[23]
1756 TWV 5:41 Luke Unknown (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Lukas) Unknown librettist MISSING Lost; Performed 9 (Petrikirche), 16 (Nikolaikirche), and 30 (Katherinenkirche) March and 6 (Jakobikirche) and 13(Michaeliskirche) April 1756
1757 TWV 5:42 John Kommt zur Freystatt, ihr Betrübten (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Johannes) Unknown librettist SATB, Flute, Oboe, Strings, and Continuo Modern Edition by Johannes Pausch; Performed 1 (Petrikirche), 8 (Nikolaikirche), 22 (Katherinenkirche), and 29 (Jakobikirche) March and 5 (Michaeliskirche) April 1757
1758 TWV 5:43 Matthew Herr, starke mich, dein Leiden zu bedenken (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Matthäus) Unknown librettist SATB, Flute, Oboe, Strings, and Continuo Modern Edition by Johannes Pausch, Recorded - M. Scholl 2000; Performed 14 (Petrikirche) and 21 (Nikolaikirche) February and 7 (Katherinenkirche), 14 (Jakobikirche), and 21 (Michaeliskirche) March 1758
1759 TWV 5:44 Mark Gott sei gelobet und gebenedeiet (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Markus) Unknown librettist SATB, 2 Flutes, 2 Recorders, 2 Oboes, Bass Oboe, 2 Bassoons, Strings, and Continuo Modern Edition by Johannes Pausch, Recorded - Redel 1963 (reissued 1999); Performed 6 (Petrikirche) and 13 (Nikolaikirche), and 27(Katherinenkirche) March and 3 (Jakobikirche) and 10 (Michaeliskirche) April 1759
1760 TWV 5:45 Luke Welche Feind des Kreuzes (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Lukas) Unknown librettist SATB, 2 Oboes, Strings, and Continuo Modern Edition by Johannes Pausch; Performed 26 (Petrikirche) February, 4 (Nikolaikirche), 18 (Katherinenkirche), and ? (Jakobikirche) March[24] and 1 (Michaeliskirche) April 1760
1761 TWV 5:46 John Der Herr erhöre dich in deiner Not (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Johannes) Unknown librettist SATB, Recorder, 2 Flutes, Oboe, Hautbois basse, Strings, and Continuo Modern Edition by Johannes Pausch; Performed 10 (Petrikirche) and 17 (Nikolaikirche) February and 3 (Katherinenkirche), and 10 (Jakobikirche), and 17 (Michaeliskirche) March 1761
1762 TWV 5:47 Matthew Unknown (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Matthäus) M. Pitiscus Unknown Modern Edition by Johannes Pausch; Performed 2 (Petrikirche), 9 (Nikolaikirche), 23 (Katherinenkirche), and 30 (Jakobikirche) March and 6 (Michaeliskirche) April 1762
1763 TWV 5:48 Mark Unknown (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Markus) Unknown librettist MISSING Lost; Performed 22 (Petrikirche) February and 1 (Nikolaikirche), 15 (Katherinenkirche), 22 (Jakobikirche), and 29 (Michaeliskirche) March 1763
1764 TWV 5:49 Luke Hier lass uns ruhn, o Teurer! (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Lukas) Unknown librettist SATB, Flute, 2 Oboes, Strings, and Continuo Modern Edition by Johannes Pausch, Recorded - Pausch ?; Performed 13 (Petrikirche) and 20 (Nikolaikirche) March and 3 (Katherinenkirche), 10 (Jakobikirche), and 17 (Michaeliskirche) April 1764
1765 TWV 5:50 John Ach Gott und Herr (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Johannes) Unknown librettist SATB, 2 Oboes, hautbois basse, 2 Bassoons, Strings, and Continuo Modern Edition by Johannes Pausch, Recorded - Pausch 1999 (reissued 2004); Performed 26 (Petrikirche) February, 5 (Nikolaikirche), 19 (Katherinenkirche), and 26 (Jakobikirche) March and 2 (Michaeliskirche) April 1765
1766 TWV 5:51 Matthew Ein Lämmlein geht und trägt die Schuld (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Matthäus) Unknown librettist SATB, Flute, Bassoon, Strings, and Continuo Modern Edition by Johannes Pausch, Recorded - Pausch 2001; Performed 16 (Petrikirche) and 23 (Nikolaikirche) February and 9 (Katherinenkirche), 16 (Jakobikirche), and 23 (Michaeliskirche) March 1766
1767 TWV 5:52 Mark Christe du Lamm Gottes (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Markus) Johann Rist SATB, 2 Flutes, Bassoon, 2 Horns, 2 Oboes, Strings, and Continuo Modern Edition by Johannes Pausch, Recorded - Smekens 1996; Performed 6 (Petrikirche), 13 (Nikolaikirche), and 27 (Katherinenkirche) March and 3 (Jakobikirche) and 12 (Michaeliskirche) April 1767[15]
1768 TWV 5:21 Luke Wenn meine Sünd' mich kränken (Paßions-Musik nach dem Evangelisten Lukas) Unknown librettist MISSING Repeat of 1736 St Luke Passion (as Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach had not arrived yet in Hamburg) under direction of Telemann's grandson Georg Michael Telemann; Lost; Performed 23 (Petrikirche) February and 1 (Nikolaikirche), 15 (Katherinenkirche), 22 (Jakobikirche), and 29 (Michaeliskirche) March 1768

Modern Editions[edit]

  • Lukas-Passion 1728 "Israel, ach, geliebtes Vater-Herz!" (TWV 5:13). Georg Philipp Telemanns Musikalische Werke, Band 15, Hans Hörner and Martin Ruhnke, ed. Kassel, u. a.: Bärenreiter-Verlag, 1964.
Johannes Pausch's Edition Musiklandschaften has edited many of Telemann's late Passions (1991-2001):[25]
  • Johannes-Passion 1757 (TWV 5:42). Editio princeps.
  • Matthäus-Passion 1758 (TWV 5:43). Wissenschaftliche Edition.
  • Marcus-Passion 1759 (TWV 5:44). Wissenschaftliche Edition.
  • Lukas-Passion 1760 (TWV 5:45). Editio princeps.
  • Johannes-Passion 1761 (TWV 5:46). Editio princeps.
  • Matthäus-Passion 1762 (TWV 5:47). Editio princeps.
  • Lukas-Passion 1764 (TWV 5:49). Editio princeps.
  • Johannes-Passion 1765 (TWV 5:50). Editio princeps.
  • Matthäus-Passion 1766 (TWV 5:51). Editio princeps.
  • Marcus-Passion 1767 (TWV 5:52). Editio princeps.
  • Seliges Erwägen, Berliner Fassung 1763 (TWV 5:2). Wissenschaftliche Ausgabe
  • Johannes-Passion 1745 "Ein Lämmlein geht und trägt die Schuld" (TWV 5:30). Georg Philipp Telemanns Musikalische Werke, Band 29, Wolfgang Hirschmann, ed. Kassel, u. a.: Bärenreiter-Verlag, 1996.
  • Passions-Oratorium: Seliges Erwägen des Leidens und Sterbens Jesu Christi 1763 "Schmücke dich, o liebe Seele" (TWV 5:2). Georg Philipp Telemanns Musikalische Werke, Band 33, Ute Pötzsch, ed. Kassel, u. a.: Bärenreiter-Verlag, 2001.
  • Betrachtung der 9. Stunde am Todestage Jesu 1755 "Erhole dich, o Sonne" (TWV 5:5)/ Der Tod Jesu 1755 "Du, dessen Augen flossen" (TWV 5:6). Georg Philipp Telemanns Musikalische Werke, Band 31, Wolf Hobohn, ed. Kassel, u. a.: Bärenreiter-Verlag, 2006.
  • Lukas-Passion 1744 "Wenn meine Sünd' mich kranken" (TWV 5:29). Felix Schröder, ed. Stuttgart: Carus-Verlag, 2007(?).
  • Johannes-Passion 1737 "Jesu, deine heligen Wunden" (TWV 5:22). Felix Schröder, ed. Frankfurt/Main, u. A.: Edition Peters, 2007(?).
  • Der für die Sünde der Welt leidende und sterbende Jesus aus den IV. Evangelisten (Brockes-Passion) 1716 "Mich vom Stricke meiner Sünden" (TWV 5:1). Georg Philipp Telemanns Musikalische Werke, Band 34, Carsten Lange, ed. Kassel, u. a.: Bärenreiter-Verlag, 2008.

Selected recordings[edit]

  • Telemann: St. John Passion TWV 5:50 (Catherine Bott, Sarah Connolly, Reginaldo Pinheiro, Jan van der Crabben, Philip Defrancq; Collegium Instrumentale Brugense, Capella Brugensis; conductor: Patrick Peire). Eufoda EUF1224.
  • Telemann: St. Matthew Passion TWV 5:31 (Barbara Schlick, Claudia Schubert, Wilfried Jochens, Stefan Dörr, Achim Rück, Hans-Georg Wimmer; Collegium Vocale des Bach-Chores Siegen; Barock-Orchester "La Stravaganza-Köln"; conductor: Ulrich Stötzel). Brilliant Classics 992277 (first issued by Hänssler).
  • Telemann: Passions Oratorium - Das selige Erwägen des bittern Leiden und Sterbens Jesu Christi TWV 5:2 (Barbara Locher, Zeger Vandersteene, Stefan Dörr, Berthold Possemeyer, Rene Schmidt; Freiburger Vokalensemble; L'arpa festante München; conductor: Wolfgang Schäfer). Brilliant Classics 99521 (licensed from Bayer Records)--Version unknown.

See also[edit]

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ Jason Benjamin Grant, The rise of lyricism and the decline of Biblical narration in the late liturgical Passions of Georg Philipp Telemann, Doctoral Thesis, University of Pittsburgh, 2005. PDF file retrieved 17 February 2008.
  2. ^ Jeanne Roberta Swack, Georg Philipp Telemann, Seliges Erwägen des bittern Leidens und Sterbens Jesu Christi Review of the critical edition of the score by Ute Poetzsch (Kassel: Barenreiter, 2001), Notes: Quarterly Journal of the Music Library Association Volume 59, Number 3, March 2003, pp. 755-758. Retrieved via subscription 17 February 2008.
  3. ^ The foundation and primary component of the liturgical Passion in Hamburg. This comprises the Evangelist's narration, dialogue between the dramatis personae, and the cries of the various groups of people, often lumped together under the term "crowds" or turbae.
  4. ^ In the dissertation, Grant states only three are extant. However, a St Mark Passion was discovered for the year 1723.
  5. ^ Grant makes no mention in his dissertation of the 1754 "Danziger" St Matthew Passion TWV 5: 53, which is a liturgical Passion written for the church(es) in Danzig (Gdańsk)).
  6. ^ The traditional Introitus (or introduction) of the Passion settings still retained from the old Historiae of the 16th and 17th centuries.
  7. ^ The traditional ending of the Passion setting retained from the old Historiae of the 16th and 17th centuries.
  8. ^ "Meditation"--A section primarilly aimed at invoking meditation on the events recounted.
  9. ^ Oratorios such as those based on Karl Wilhelm Ramler's Der Tod Jesu and Die Auferstehung und Himmelfahrts Jesu, Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock's Der Messias, and Barthold Heinrich Brockes's "Der fuer die Suende der Welt gemarterte und sterbende Jesus" (the so-called Brockes-Passion).
  10. ^ Forms of recitative.
  11. ^ Grant, Jason Benjamin. "The rise of lyricism and the decline of biblical narration in the late liturgical Passions of Georg Philipp Telemann". Diss. University of Pittsburgh, 2005. pp. 50-51.
  12. ^ Leisinger, Ulrich. "Preface: Passions". Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach: The Complete Works.
  13. ^ Schroeder, Felix. "Georg Philipp Telemann: Lukas-Passion 1744". CD Liner Notes to 1973 recording.
  14. ^ Bach-cantatas.com. Georg Philipp Telemann, Brockes Passion, TWV 5:1
  15. ^ a b Retrieved 2 October 2011 from http://www.uquebec.ca/musique/catal/telemann/telgp02.html#sec05.
  16. ^ See exception below (the year 1745).
  17. ^ Leisinger, Ulrich. "Preface: Passions". Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach: The Complete Works, vol. IV/4.1 : Passion according to St. Matthew (1769). Los Altos, CA: The Packard Humanities Institute, 2008. Retrieved 23 May 2011 from http://www.cpebach.org/cpeb/prefaces/passions-preface.html.
  18. ^ see Barbara Wiermann, “Carl Philipp Emanuel Bachs Gottesdienstmusiken,” in Carl Philipp Emanuel Bachs Geistliche Musik. Bericht über das Internationale Symposium (Teil 1) vom 12. bis 16. März 1998 in Frankfurt (Oder), ed. Ulrich Leisinger and Hans-Günter Ottenberg (Frankfurt/Oder: Konzerthalle “Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach,” 2000), 90–91
  19. ^ Grant, Jason Benjamin. The rise of lyricism and the decline of Biblical narration in the late liturgical Passions of Georg Philipp Telemann, Doctoral Thesis, University of Pittsburgh, 2005. p. 46. Retrieved 24 May 2011 from http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-04222005-050811/unrestricted/grantjb_etdPitt2005.pdf
  20. ^ Grant, Jason Benjamin. The rise of lyricism and the decline of Biblical narration in the late liturgical Passions of Georg Philipp Telemann, Doctoral Thesis, University of Pittsburgh, 2005. p. 25. Retrieved 24 May 2011 from http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-04222005-050811/unrestricted/grantjb_etdPitt2005.pdf
  21. ^ The date of composition and/or initial performance for some of Telemann's Passions, particularly the early ones, are subject to controversy and may vary depending on the source. See Swack, 2003
  22. ^ Performance dates and locales referred to indicate the dates and locations works performed at main churches only.
  23. ^ a b c 25 March this year was both Palm Sunday and the Feast of the Annunciation--therefore, last performance was given on a different date.
  24. ^ 25 March this year was both Laetere Sunday and the Feast of the Annunciation--therefore, performance was given on a different date.
  25. ^ Edition Musiklandschaften

External links[edit]