Patella vulgata

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Patella vulgata
Common limpets1.jpg
Patella vulgata on a rock in Wales
Patella vulgata 01.JPG
A Shell of Patella vulgata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Patellogastropoda
Family: Patellidae
Genus: Patella
Species: P. vulgata
Binomial name
Patella vulgata
Linnaeus, 1758

Patella vulgata, common name the common limpet or common European limpet[1] is an edible species of sea snail with gills, a typical true limpet, a marine gastropod mollusc in the family Patellidae. This species is found in the waters of western Europe.[2]

The radula in this species is longer than the shell itself. It contains 1920 teeth in 160 rows of 12 teeth each. It is found attached to firm substrates from the high shore to the edge of the sublittoral zone, although it predominates in areas of wave action. Its shell is conical, up to around 6 cm long, and lacks defined chirality. Common limpets are believed to be able to live for up to twenty years.[3]

Patella vulgata has been the focus of a range of scientific investigation, as far back as 1935.[4] Its development is well described[5] and it has recently been the focus of transcriptomic investigation, providing a range of genomic sequence data in this species for analysis.[6]

See also[edit]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.manandmollusc.net/molluscan_food_files/molluscan_food_6.html
  2. ^ Oliver, A.P.H. (2004). Guide to Seashells of the World. Buffalo: Firefly Books. 28.
  3. ^ "Limpets". BritishSeaFishing.co.uk. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  4. ^ Smith, F (1935). "The Development of Patella vulgata". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences 225 (520): 95–125. doi:10.1098/rstb.1935.0008. 
  5. ^ Damen, Peter; Dictus, Wim J.A.G. "Cell Lineage of the Prototroch of Patella vulgata (Gastropoda, Mollusca)". Developmental Biology 162 (2): 364–383. doi:10.1006/dbio.1994.1094. 
  6. ^ Werner, Gijsbert D. A.; Gemmell, Patrick; Grosser, Stefanie; Hamer, Rebecca; Shimeld, Sebastian M. "Analysis of a deep transcriptome from the mantle tissue of Patella vulgata Linnaeus (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Patellidae) reveals candidate biomineralising genes". Marine Biotechnology. doi:10.1007/s10126-012-9481-0. 
  • Lespinet, Nederbragt, Cassan, Dictus, Van Loon, et al. Characterisation of two snail genes in the gastropod mollusc Patella vulgata. Implications for understanding the ancestral function of the snail-related genes in Bilateria. 2002.

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